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Flashcards in CPR Deck (76)
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1

What is cardiopulmonary arrest?

Cessation of both the respiratory and circulatory systems

2

Is apnea the same as respiratory arrest?

No, apnea usually is a temporary cessation but it can least to complete respiratory arrest

3

What is respiratory arrest typically due to?

A pathologic process where the patient cannot initiate a breath (medullary ischemia)

4

What are the survival to discharge rates following CPR?

Dogs- 3-6%
Cats- 2-10%

5

How long does it take for cerebral death due to ischemia take?

>4-7min

6

What kind of pathology has the least likelihood of survival even with CPR?

Cardiopulmonary arrest due to progressive illness

7

What is the most important aspect of resuscitating a CPA patient?

Early recognition and response

8

What conditions are classified as a respiratory emergency?

Tension pneumothorax, pulmonary or airway disease

9

What is a crash cart?

A box/cart that is stocked with all drugs and equipment necessary to resuscitate a patient

10

How many people are required for proper CPR?

At lease 4

Compressions, prepare drugs/monitors, provide ventilation, keep records

11

What drug is used to sedate animals in respiratory distress?

Acepromazine

12

What are the CS of upper airway obstruction and what breeds are predisposed?

Brachycephalics are predisposed

Inspiratory stridor, cynosis

13

What is the immediate step necessary for upper airway obstruction?

Induction and intubation

May need immediate surgery

14

What procedure can be done until definitive correction of an upper airway obstruction can be performed?

Tracheostomy

15

What are the CS due to an airway obstruction from a foreign body or tumor?

Inspiratory effort with abdominal effort and cynosis

16

Can a tracheostomy be performed with an airway obstruction?

Yes- go below the obstruction

17

What procedure is performed to visualize the obstruction?

Bronchostomy

18

What are the CS of a collapsed trachea and what breeds are predisposed?

Small and toy breed dogs

Marked inspiratory and exspiratory effort with a goose-honking noise

19

Should tracheal collapse patients be intubated?

Yes

20

What are the clinical signs of a pneumothorax?

Dyspnea, rapidly decreased SpO2, collapse

21

What are some causes of pneumothorax?

Thoracic trauma, spontaneous, barotrauma (closed pop-off!)

22

Can a pneumothroax lead to respiratory arrest?

Yes

23

What is done to treat a pneumothorax?

Oxygenation and evacuation of air from the chest (needle of chest tube)

Fluids recommended to improve circulation

Atropine if HR is decreased

24

If an anesthetized patient on a ventilator stops breathing, does this count as respiratory arrest?

Nope!

25

What value will suddenly decrease in an anesthetized patient in respiratory arrest?

EtCO2 (

26

How with the MMs look in animals in CPA?

Blue/gray

May still be pale pink if early

27

What is the procedure for CPA during anesthesia?

1. Turn off anesthesia and flush circuit
2. Start compression
3. Ventilate 10bpm

28

What is the procedure for CPA walking through the door?

Compressions and "mouth to snout" ventilation until you can intubate

29

What should be restarted first in CPR? Circulation, breathing or airway?

Circulation- start compressions

30

What percentage of CO is generated in closed CPR?

25-40%