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Flashcards in Rehabilitation Deck (41):
1

What are two indications for rehabilitation?

Post injury or post surgery

Especially orthopedic or neurologic conditions

2

What are the two goals of rehabilitation?

Decrease pain and improve function

3

What three things have to be determined when evaluating a rehab patient?

Presenting complaint, medical history, and surgical history

4

How is the outcome of rehab measured?

1. Ability to perform daily tasks
2. Gait analysis
3. Lameness scoring
4. Force plate analysis
5. Pedometers
6. Joint function and laxity
7. Muscle mass measurement
8. Pain assessment

5

What are some uses of cryotherapy?

During acute phase of tissue injury or after exercise during rehab

6

What are the effects of cryotherapy?

Reduced blood flow/metabolism/permeability, decreased nerve conduction velocity, analgesia, prevention of edema, decreased spasms

7

What is the standard protocol for cryotherapy?

Application for 15-25min with close monitoring 3-6x/day

8

When would superficial thermal therapy be indicated?

After resolution of acute inflammatory phase

9

What are some effects of superficial thermal therapy?

Vasodilation, accelerated enzymatic and metabolic rxns, increased O2 uptake

10

What is the standard protocol for superficial thermal therapy?

30-45min application

11

What is the risk of superficial thermal therapy?

Burns

12

When is passive range of motion indicated?

Immediately post-sx or in paralyzed patients

13

What is the benefit of passive range of motion?

Stretching, decreased pain, improved rate of recovery, prevention of muscle contracture

14

When is active range of motion initiated?

Once the animal is ambulatory

15

What exercises result in increased joint flexion?

Swimming, walking in snow/sand/tall grass, crawling, climbing stairs, cavaletti rails

16

What are some assisted standing methods?

Slings, carts, exercise rolls/balls

17

What are some proprioceptive training exercises?

Manual unloading of limbs, balance boards, exercise balls

18

What are some advantages of aquatic therapy?

Improves strength, muscular/CV endurance, ROM, agility, minimizes pain

19

What does TENS stand for?

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

20

Which nerves does TENS stimulate?

AB nerve fibers

21

Which nerves does TENS inhibit?

C nerve fibers

22

TENS units work through which principle?

Gate control theory

23

What are some benefits of massage?

Improves circulation and lymphatic flow, relieves muscle spasms, reduces adhesions, mobilizes scar tissue

24

What is stroking?

Medial pressure applied proximal to distal

25

What is effleurage?

Medium pressure applied distal to proximal

26

What is an advantage of effleurage compared to stroking?

Aids in lymphatic draining

27

What is compression?

Pressure applied to a specific tense area in muscle

28

What is percussion?

Clapping on tissues with a cupped hand

29

What is trigger point therapy?

Squeezing areas of muscle spasm

30

What wavelength of light is produced in low-level laser therapy?

600-1000nm

31

Which strengths are theraputic?

IIIa, IIIb, and IV

32

What are some advantages of low-level laser therapy?

Analgesic and improved wound healing

33

Where is low-level laser therapy used?

Over trigger points, acupuncture points, joins, and tendons

34

Do we know the mechanism of laser therapy?

Nope! :D

Considered photobioactivation or photobiomodulation

35

What are three variables of concern for low-level laser therapy?

Wavelength, power, and time of application

36

How is total energy delivered calculated?

Watts x time

37

What PPE is required when using laser therapy?

Goggles for the patient and operator

38

What is extracorporeal shockwave therapy?

Application of an acoustic pressure wave with high amplitude and energy

39

What is the mechanism of extracorporeal shockwave therapy?

We don't really know!

40

What species is extracorporeal shockwave therapy most used in?

Horses

41

What are some advantages of extracorporeal shockwave therapy?

Improved healing of bony and soft tissues, some analgesia