Crackin Ap Exam Civil Rghts/liberties Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Crackin Ap Exam Civil Rghts/liberties Deck (18)
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Hose protections enjoyed by all Americans from the abuse of government power

Civil liberties

1

Protections from discrimination based on race, gender, or other minority status

Civil rights

2

Barron v. Baltimore

The bill of rights restricted the national government but not the state governments.

3

Gitlow v. New York

Overturned Barron v. Baltimore; state limit on speech and the press could not exceed limits allowed the national government.

4

What is selective incorporation?

Applying the bill of rights to state law

5

What right was incorporated to the states in Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963?

Right to legal coucil

6

What does the first amendment guarantee?

Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of petitioning the government, freedom of assembly, freedom of religion

7

The Supreme Court has ruled that the rights guaranteed by the first amendment may be limited ___when?

In the interest of the greater public good

8

What is the most famous limit on free speech?

The clear and present danger test

9

Which court case established the clear and preset danger test?

Schenck v. US

10

Who arged that a person may it falsely scream "fire" in a crowded theater, because doing so would result in panic.

Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes

11

Is there constitutional protection for false defamatory speech?

No

12

What is spoken false defamatory speech?

Slander

13

What is printed false defamatory speech?

Libel

14

What is the preferred position doctrine?

Freedom of speech is fundamental to liberty; therefore any limits on free speech must address severe, imminent threats to the nation

15

What is prior restraint?

The government's efforts to prevent publications

16

What are shield laws?

Laws to protect reporters in state cases in SOME states

17

Which court case established a three-part obscenity test?

Miller v. California, 1973