Flashcards in Textbook Deck (96)
What is de facto segregation?
Racial segregation that occurs in schools, not as a result of the law, but as a result of patterns of residential settlement
The ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions
What is the ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions called?
The right to use power
What is the right to use power called?
What is formal authority?
The right to exercise power vested in a governmental oddicw
Political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution
What is Political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution called?
Rule of many
Rule of many
Define direct or participate democracy
A government in which all or most citizens participate directly
Define representative democracy
A government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competitive struggle for the popular vote
Did the framers favor a representative democracy or a direct democracy?
The framers favored representative democracy over direct democracy
Person who posses a disproportionate share of some valued resource, like money or power
What is the Marxist view?
View that the government is dominated by capitalists.
Marxists hold that in modern societies, two economic classes contend for power. What are the two?
Capitalists (business owners or the bourgeoise)
Workers (laborers or the proletariat)
Who started the power elite view?
C. Wright Mills
To C. Wright Mills, a coalition of three groups dominate politics and government. What are those three?
Corporate leaders, top military officers, an a handful of elected officials
What is the power elite view?
View that the government is dominate by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside of government and enjoy great advantages in wealth, status, or organizational position
Who shaped the bureaucratic view?
What is the bureaucratic view?
View that the government is dominated by appointed iddicials
What is the pluralist view?
The eminence that competition among all affected interests shaped public pikicy
What were the men at the constitutional convention of 1787 going to do?
They were supposed to fix the defects in the Articles of Confederation
What was the goal of the American revolution?
What did the American colonists seek to protect when they signed the Declaration of Independence?
The traditional liberties to which they thought they were entitled as British suvjexts
What was the main reason for regarding independence as the only solution for assuring their liberties?
They no longer had confidence in the English constitution
What are unalienable rights?
Rights based on nature, god, and providence, and not on the whims or preferences of people
What were the articles of confederation?
A weak constitution that governed America during the revolutionary war
Could the articles of confederation levy taxes?