Politcal Parties And Interest Groups Flashcards Preview

Ap Government Exam Review > Politcal Parties And Interest Groups > Flashcards

Flashcards in Politcal Parties And Interest Groups Deck (27)
Loading flashcards...
1

Four types of political groups

Political parties, interest groups, political action committees (PACs), and 527 groups

2

Political parties play a formal role in these two processes:

Try to influence the outcomes of elections and legislative structures

3

Are political parties mentioned in the constitution?

No

4

Did the Framers want political parties?

No- the Framers of the Constitution disliked political parties and hoped to prevent them

5

By when did political parties become a mainstay of U.S. elections?

by the year of 1800

6

Why did parties arise the the united states? (3)

a means of uniting those who shared political ideals
enabling them to elect like-minded representatives
pursue similar legislative goals

7

In return for their support, parties expect candidates to

remain loyal to goals defined by the party leadership

8

two-party of bipartisan system is reinforced by what?

the nation's electoral system

9

Political parties serve as intermediaries between

people and the government

10

Parties are made up of (3)

grassroots members, activist members, and leadership

11

Parties are organized to (3)

raise money, present positions on policy, and get their candidates elected to office

12

Were parties created in the constitution?

No-they are not even mentioned in the document

13

What is the major purpose of political parties?

to get candidates elected to office

14

How were candidates chosen in the past?

By the party hierarchy, with little or no public input

15

Since 1960, more states have passed laws requiring parties to select candidates through

state-run primary elections

16

Primary elections have done what to the power of political parties?

reduced

17

Why do third parties form?

to represent constituencies that feel disenfranchised parties

18

Example of a splinter party

Reform Party

19

What are doctrinal parties?

Third parties formed to represent an ideology considered too radical by the mainstream parties

20

What are splinter or bolter parties?

Usually unite around a feeling that the major parties are not responding to the demands of some segment of the electorate

21

Examples of doctrinal parties

Socialist Party and Libertarian Party

22

What are single-issue parties formed to do?

promote one principle

23

Example of single-issue party

The American Independent Party

24

Give an examlpe for how third parties influence elections

The Green Party (which facors strict environmental policies, more government social programs, and controls over big business) ran Ralph Nader for president in 200, taking votes from Al Gore, thus tipping the scales in favor of George W. Bush

25

What are independent candidates?

Candidates that run without party affiliation

26

Why do independent candidates fail?

It is very difficult for them to overcome the money and organization of the two major parties

27

Examples of independent candidates

Eugene McCarthy and John Anderson