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Flashcards in Course-notes Deck (94)
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1

The ability of one person to cause another
person to act in accordance with the
first person’s intentions

power

2

Power when used to determine who will
hold government office and how
government will behave

political power

3

The right to exercise political power

authority

4

The widely-shared perception that something
or someone should be obeyed

legitimacy

5

Conferring political power on those selected
by the voters in competitive elections

representative democracy

6

Term for the Greek city-state

polis

7

An identifiable group of people with a
disproportionate share of political
power

elite (political)

8

A political system in which the choices of
the political leaders are closely
constrained by the preferences of the
people

majoritarian politics

9

A philosopher who defined democracy as the
“rule of the many”

Aristotle

10

A theory that government is merely a
reflection of underlying economic
forces

Marxist Theory

11

A sociologist who presented the idea of a mostly nongovernmental power elite

Mills

12

Individual who worried the new government he helped to create would be too democratic

Hamilton

13

A sociologist who emphasized the
phenomenon of bureaucracy in
explaining political developments

Weber

14

A political system in which local citizens are
empowered to govern themselves
directly

community control

15

A political system in which those affected by
a governmental program must be
permitted to participate in the
program’s formulation

citizen participation

16

A North American approximation of direct
or participatory democracy

New England town meeting

17

A theory that no one interest group
consistently holds political power

pluralist theory

18

Structures of authority organized around
expertise and specialization

bureaucracy

19

An economist who defined democracy as the
competitive struggle by political
leaders for the people’s vote

Schumpeter

20

A theory that appointed civil servants make
the key governing decisions

bureaucratic theory

21

A term used to describe three different
political systems in which the people
are said to rule, directly or indirectly

democracy

22

A political system in which all or most
citizens participate directly by either
holding office or making policy

direct or participatory democracy

23

A theory that a few top leaders make the key
decisions without reference to popular
desires

elitist theory

24

It took the national government many years to implement just a fraction of the
bipartisan homeland security policies and programs.

True

25

Politics exists in part because people differ about who should govern and the ends
toward which they work.

true

26

Federal income taxes were higher in 1935 than they are today.

False In 1935, about 96 percent of all Americans paid no federal income tax whatsoever. Today
almost all families pay about 21 percent of their incomes.

27

Most people holding political power in the United States today are middle-class,
middle-aged, white Protestant males.

true

28

Constitutional amendments giving rights to African Americans and women passed by
large majorities.

true

29

It is easy to discern political power at work.
_____________________________________________________

False Sometimes is exercised in subtle ways that may not even be evident to those who are
exercising it.

30

The text suggests that, increasingly, matters that were once considered “public”
become “private,” and beyond the scope of governmental action.
______________________________________________________________________

False Increasingly matters once thought to be “private” are becoming “public.”