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Flashcards in Landmark Cases Deck (43)
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Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire

"Fighting words are not protected by the first amendment

1

Collin v. Smith

The nazi party may march through a largely Jewish neighborhood

2

McConnell v. Federal election commission

Upholds 2002 campaign finance reform law

3

Miller v. California

Obscenity defined as appealing to prurient interests of an average person with materials that lack literary, artistic, political, or scientific value

4

New York Times v. Sullivan

To libel a public figure, there must be "actual malice"

5

Reno v. ACLU

A law that bans sending "indecent" material to minors over the Internet is unconstitutional because "indecent" is too vague and broad a term

6

Schenck v. United States

Speech may be punished if it created a clear-and-present danger test of illegal acts

7

Gitlow v. New York

Supreme Court says the first amendment applies to the states

8

Palko v. Connecticut

Supreme Court states that states must observe all "fundamental" liberties

9

Texas v. Johnson

There may not be a law to ban flag-burning

10

Engel v. Vitale

There may not be a prayer, even a nondenominational one, in public schools

11

Everson v. Board of Education

The wall-of-separation principle is announced

12

Lee v. Weisman

Public schools may not have clergy lead prayers at graduation ceremonies

13

Lemon v. Kurtzman

Three tests are described for deciding whether the government is improperly involved with teligion

14

Santa Fe independent school district v. Doe

Students may of lead prayers before the start of a football game at a public school

15

Zelman v. Simmons-Harris ?

Voucher plan to pay school bills is upheld

16

Zorauch v. Clauson

States may allow students to be released from public schools to attend religious instruxtion

17

Dickerson v. United States

The Mapp decision is based to the constitution and it cannot e altered by congress passing a law.

18

Gideon v. Wainwright

Persons charged with a crime have a right to an Attorney even if they cannot afford lbe

19

Mapp v. Ohio

Evidence illegally gathered by the police may not be used in a criminal trial

20

Miranda v. Arizona

Court describes ruling that police must give to arrested persons

21

Rasul v. Bush

Terrorist detainees must have access to a neutral court to decide if they are legally hekd

22

United States v. Leon

Illegally obtained evidence may be used in a trial if it was gathered in good faith without violating the principles of the Mapp decision

23

What are civil liberties?

Protections from the Avis's of government power by all americans

24

What are civil rights?

Protections for discrimination based on race, gender, or other minority status

25

Barron v. Baltimore

The bill of rights restricted the national government but not the state governments

26

Gitlow v. New York

State limits on speech and the press could not exceed the limits allowed the national government.

27

Plessy v. Ferguson

Uphel separate-but equal facilities for white and black people on railroad cars

28

Brown v. Board of education

Separate public schools are inherently unequal, thus starting racial desegregation

29

Green v. County school board of new kent county

Banned a freedom-of-choice plan for integrating schools, suggesting that blacks an whites must actually attend racially mixed schools