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Flashcards in Crime and punishment Deck (66)
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1

What is crime

An offence punishable by law

2

What are bye-laws

Laws that are made by local councillors

3

What are parliamentary laws

Laws made by the government

4

What are non-indictable offences

Minor crimes that are usually dealt with in a magistrates court

5

What are indictable offences

Serious crimes dealt with in criminal courts with a judges and jury

6

What are crimes against the person

Crimes that cause direct harm to people e.g. murder

7

What are crimes against the property

Crimes that damage people's property e.g. arson

8

What are crimes against the state

These crimes potentially harm everyone in the country e.g. terrorism

9

Crimes against religion

These rules are set by religion and only apply to its followers. They may or not be classified as crime.

10

What causes crime

Lack of education and qualifications
Abusive and violent parents
Broken homes
Drug, gambling or alcohol addiction
Periods of high unemployment
Gang rivalry
Violence portrayed in films/TV
Mental illness

11

What are the three types of Crime

Crime against the person
Crime against property
Crime against the state

12

What are the 6 aims of punishments

Protection
Retribution
Deterrence
Reformation
Vindication
Reparation

13

What is blasphemy

Insulting God or sacred things and the making of images of God. It is also a religious offence, illegal in Ireland, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

14

What is a sin

Breaking a religious and moral law

15

What is a duty

A moral or legal obligation

16

What is a responsibility

A duty to care for or having control over something or someone

17

What is a conscience

The inner feeling you are doing right or wrong

18

What is protection

Keeping the public from being harmed, threatened and injured by criminals

19

What is retribution

Getting revenge and giving criminals what they deserve

20

What is deterrence

Putting people off committing crimes

21

What is reformation

Changing someone's behaviour for the better

22

What is vindication

Showing offenders that the law is right and they will be punished if they don't follow it

23

What is reparation

An aim of punishment designed to help an offender to put something back into society to help make up for their crime

24

What is forgiveness

Showing grace and mercy and pardoning someone for what they have done wrong

25

What is repentance

Being truly sorry and changing your behaviour so as not to do the same again

26

Who is a young offender

A person under 18 who has broken the law

27

What is imprisonment

When a person is put in jail for committing a crime

28

How are young offenders treated if the offence is minor

They are dealt with without court involvement e.g. the police can use warnings, ASBOs or child safety orders. The aim is to prevent further offences and give support from an early age

29

How are young offenders treated if the offence is serious

A hearing is held in a youth court. If found guilty, they may be fined, given a reparation order or receive a curfew.
The most serious cases are heard in a Crown Court and the young person is held in custody. If they're found guilty, they would be sent to a:
Secure training centre or,
Secure children's home or,
Young offender institution

30

What is a curfew

A certain time you have to be home