CVA TIA, Pales II Flashcards Preview

Year 2 neuro exam 2 > CVA TIA, Pales II > Flashcards

Flashcards in CVA TIA, Pales II Deck (48)
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1

aphasia

inability to speak (motor or sensory)

2

alexia

inability to read

3

agraphia

inability to write

4

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

5

dysarthria

slurred speech

6

hemispatial neglect

inability to attend one side of body or visual field

7

apraxia

inability to perform a specific task

8

anosognosia

unawareness of or denial of the existence of disability

9

anomia

difficulty recalling words or names

10

ataxia

unsteady gait

11

what supplies basal ganglia

lenticulostriate

12

lenticulostriate come off what a

MCA

13

Characteristics of MCA syndrome

contralateral hemiplegia/ sensation loss
contralateral homonymous hemianopsia

14

dominant side MCA syndrome

aphasia, alexia, agraphia, acalculia, finger agnosia, R-L confusion

15

non-dominant side MCA syndrome

unilateral neglect
dressing apraxia
anosognosia
constructional apraxia

16

Anterior artery syndrome

contralateral sensory and motor loss of lower extremity

17

PCA syndrome

homonymous hemianopsia
alexia without agraphia
visual or color anomia

18

Lateral pontine syndrome
Marie-Fox syndrome

AICA
ataxia- arm and leg
weakness- upper and lower extremity
hemisensory loss- pain and temperature

19

Lateral Medullary Syndrome
Wallenberg syndrome

PICA
facial sensory loss and pain
ataxia
nystagmus
vertigo
hoarseness
dysphagia
horner syndrome
hemisensory loss
hiccups

20

what strokes occur off basilar artery

locked in syndrome
lateral pontine
ventral pontine
ataxic hemiparesis
cortical blindness

21

lateral gaze weakness and contralateral hemiplegia

ventral pontine syndrome
Raymond Syndrome

22

contralateral UE and LE weakness
ipsi facial weakness

ventral pontine syndrome
Millard Gubler Syndrome

23

quadriplegia, b/l facial paralysis, dysarthria

locked in syndrome

24

other sx of stroke

HA
nausea/vomiting
stupor/coma/amnesia/confusion/delerium

25

Amaurosis Fugax

transient mono ocular blindness
warning sign impending stroke

26

causes of amaurosis fugax

embolic
hemodynamic
ocular
neurologic
idiopathic

27

Sx of TIA

last less than 24 hours

28

increased risk for what if have TIA

CVA within first 3 mo

29

Dx of stroke

Hx: sudden onset
do complete neuro and mental status exam
CT w/o contrast (only detects big strokes)

30

more sensitive imaging for stroke

MRI not CT