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Flashcards in Day07 Deck (75):
1

exaggerate

v. 과장하다

= overstate

# understate

[ n. exaggeration]

: raise somebody in rank or position

2

exalt

v. 칭찬하다

= extol

[ n. exaltation]

3

excoriate

v. 비난하다

= denounce, criticize

[ n. excoriation]

4

execrate

v. 비난하다, 혐오하다

= abhor, denounce

[ n. execration, a.execrable(비난할만한)]

5

excrete

v. (동물) 배설하다, 배출하다

[ n. excretion]

: discharge from the blood, tissues, or organs

6

excruciating

a. 극심한 고통을 주는

[ v. excruciate]

: extremely painful, physically or emotionally

cf) agonize(극심한 고통을 겪다, ~하려고 애쓰다)

7

exculpate

v. 무죄를 선언하다

# inculpate, incriminate

: free somebody from blame or accusation of guilt

8

exemplary

a. 모범의, 전형의

= typical

[ n. exemplar]

: serving as example, ideal, worthy of imitation

cf) empitomize(전형의)

9

exempt

a, v. 면제된

[ n. examption]

: freed from or not subject to something such as a duty, tax

10

exhaustive

a. 포괄적인, 철저한

= thorough, complete, comprehensive

# partial

11

exhausting

a. 피곤하게/ 지치게하는

= tiring, draning, fatiguing

12

exonerate

v. 무죄를 입증하다

= absolve, acquit, exculpate, exonerate, vindicate

[ n. exoneration]

: free somebody from blame or oblication

13

expediency

n. 편의성

= practicality, convenience

: use of short-term effective methods

14

expedite

v. 촉진시키다

= facilitate

# impede

: speed up the progress of, deal with quickly and efficiently

15

expedition

n. (촉진), 탐사, field trip

= trip, outing

# foot-dragging(지체하는), leisureliness(leisurely=여유롭게)

: speed or efficiency, organized trip by a group

16

explicit

a. 명백한

= obvious, manifest, patent

# implicit, subtle

17

extant

a. 현존하는

: not lost, missing, destroyed or extinct

18

extemporize

v. 즉흥으로 하다

= improvise

[ a. extemporaneous]

: perform something without preparation

19

extenuate

v. 사태의 심각성/중요성을 줄이다

= attenuate(물리적)

: diminish the seriousness of or magnitude of

20

extraneous

a. 외부의, 비핵심의, 중요하지 않은

= irrelevant, not essential

: coming from outside

21

extrinsic

a. 외부의, 비핵심의, 중요하지 않은

= inessential

# intrinsic(내부의,핵심의)

: coming from outside

22

extrapolate

v. 추론하다, 일반화하다

= infer, deduce, generalize

: use known facts as the starting point from which to draw inferences

23

extravagant

a. 사치스러운

= wasteful

: spending too much, beyond what is reasonable

24

exuberant

a. 활기찬

= excite, animated

[ n. exuberance]

: full of enthusiasm and vitality

25

exultant

a. 크게 기뻐하는

[ v. exult]

: extremely happy or joyful

cf) exalt

26

facetious

a. 웃긴

= funny, humorous, droll, antic

# serious

27

facile

a. 신속한, 수월한

= expedite, facilitate

: easy to do, requiring little effort, fluent but insincere or superficial

cf) facile + 말 : 유창(진정성x) => 임만 살아있는

28

faddish

a. 잠깐 유행이 도는

# classical(전통적으로 쭉 해오는)

[ n. fad(잠깐의 유행)]

: briefly fashionable

29

fade

v. 희미하게 하다

= vanish

[ a, fading, faded]

: make something lose brightness, color, or loudness gradually, become tired

cf) 번영했는데 쇠퇴되는 느낌

30

failing

v, a. 기절하다, 희미한

= not bright, clear, or loud

: lose consciousness briefly

31

flater

= waver(왔다갔다하다), hesitate

[ a. faltering (# unfaltering)]

: move unsteadily, hesitate in speach

32

fanatic

a, n. 광신자

[ a. fanatical]

: a person marked by "extreme" and sometimes "irrational" entusiasm

cf) 두가지 형용사 모두 가능

33

fast

a. 확고한, 단식

: acting rapidly, firmly fixed, period of fasting

34

fastness

n. 요새, 방공호

= fixedness

: a secure or fortified place

35

fastidious

a. 까다로운, 꼼꼼한

= demanding, exacting, meticulous

: excessively careful, difficult to please

cf) menticulous - 약 설명 다 읽고, 보험 약관 다 읽고 하는 느낌

36

fathom

v. 1) 깊이를 재다, 2) 이해하다

= understand, comprehend, grasp(잡다, 이해하다)

: measure the depth of water

37

fathomless

a. (너무 깊은,) 이해하기 힘든

: too deep to measure, endlessly deep

cf) unfathomable, numberless

38

fatigue

n. 피로, 피로함

: mental or physical exhaustion

39

fawn

n. 새끼사슴, 아첨하다

= adulate

: young deer, seek favor by complimenting excessively

40

fealty

n. 충성

= allegiance, loyalty, fidelity

41

feckless

a. 1)목적없는 2)열의없는 3)효과없는 4)무책임한

= ineffective, incompetent, irresponsible

: aimless, lacking vitality

42

feign

v. 속이다

= pretende, fake

[ n. feint, (a. feigned #unfeigned(속이지않는, 진실된))]

43

fervid

a. 열정적인

= perfervid, fervent

[ n. fervor]

: marked by great passion or zeal

44

fetter

n. 족쇄

= bridle, harness(마구), curb(재갈), shackle(수갑); confine, restrict, restrain

45

fickle

a. 변덕스러운

: likely to change, especially in affections, intentions, loyalties, or preferences

cf) carpricious

46

figment

n. 공상, 상상

= illusion

: purely imaginary thing

cf) pigment(색소, 색깔 = hue)

47

finesse

n. 외교술

= ability, skill, dexterity ; diplomacy, tact

: skill ful approach in dealing with a trouble some situation

48

finicky

a. 까다로운

= finical, fussy

: concentrating too much on small unimportant details

49

exuberant

a. 활기찬

= excite, animated

[ n. exuberance]

: full of enthusiasm and vitality

50

exultant

a. 크게 기뻐하는

[ v. exult]

: extremely happy or joyful

cf) exalt

51

fissure

n. 틈(사람사이에 생기는 틈도 포함)

= rift, breach, crak, separation, break

cf) breach = break => 위법(법을 깨다)

52

fitful

a. 간헐적인

= sporadic, spasmodic(경련성의)

# chronic

: starting and stopping irregulary

cf) fit, fitting

53

fixed

a. 고정된

= immovable, unchangeable

: not subject to change

54

flatter

v. 아첨하다

= adulate, fawn

[ n. flattery]

: compliment too much in order to gain an advantage

55

fledgling

n, a. 초기단계의, 아기새, 미숙한

= inexperienced

# fully developed

: young birld with new flight feathers

cf) emerging ; fledgling(새가 깃털이 나다)

56

flight

n. 비행, 도망

= air trip, running away

: process or act of flying

57

flimsy

a. (물리적으로) 얇고, 가볍고, 희박한

= weak, insubstantial, thin, fragile

cf) film, 거미줄의 느낌

58

flinch

v. 무서워서 움츠러들다, 쫄다

: react physically to pain or fear

cf) unflinching (당당히 맞서는, 쫄지 않는)

59

flippant

a. 경박함(존경심이 없는 느낌), 심각하지 않음(가벼움)

# serious

[ n. flippancy ]

: not taking something seriously enough, maked by disrespectful levity(경박함)

cf) 엄마가 애 혼냈는데, '녜, 녜~' 하는 느낌

60

flourish

v, n. 번성하다; 장식

= thrive, burgeon; embellishment, ornamentation

: glow well

61

fluctuate

v. change, 바뀌다

# constant

[ n. fluctuation]

: vary in level, degree, or value

cf) flux; adjust, adapt

62

foil

n, v. 호일; 방해하다

= ; impede, hamper, hinder, thward, prevent, block, obstruct frustrate

: metal in thin sheets

63

folly

n. 어리석음

: foolishness

64

foment

v. (불만, 사회적 분위기를) 선동하다

= incite

# defuse (긴장, 위험을 줄이다)

: promote the growth of

65

foolhardy

a. 무모하고 굳센 (결정난 것이 없는데 밀어붙이는)

[ n. foolhardiness]

: bold but reckless

cf) hardy(튼튼한)

66

forge

v. 위조하다 / 치고 나가다

= build, establish, fablicate /

[ n. forgery (counterfeit 위조(지폐))]

: make illegar copy / move forward, forge ahead

cf) forgo

67

forestall

v. "선수쳐서" 방해하다

: prevent or hinder somebody from happening by acting in advance

cf) 본문에 '일이 일어나기 전에'라는 것이 언급되어있어야만 한다.

68

formidable

a. 1)존경할만한 2)두려움을 일으키는 3) (규모 등이) 엄청난, 어마어마한

= redoubtable(1)(2), awe-inspring, admirable, frightening

: difficult to deal with or overcome

cf) e.g. a formidable task

69

forte

n. 강점

: strong point

70

fortify

v. 강화시키다, 강화하다

= buttress

: make place safer, make structure stronger

cf) fortress, fastness(안전하고, 강화가 된 지역 => 요새)

71

forthright

a. 직설적인, 솔직한

= stragitforward

: in a direct and very honest way

72

fortuitous

a. 1) 행운의 2) 우연한

= fortunate, lucky ; accidental, unplanned

73

foster

v. 기르다

= nourish, nurture, develop, promote

# stunt (발육을 방해하다)

: nurture a child

cf) S foster O : S 때문에 O됐다 (cause의 느낌, 인과관계 느낌)

74

fracture

n, v. 부셔지다

= break

: break of bone

75

fragment

n, v. 조각조각나다

[ a. fragementary, fragmented]

: broken piece, break up