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Flashcards in Day07 Deck (75)
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1

exaggerate

v. 과장하다

= overstate

# understate

[ n. exaggeration]

: raise somebody in rank or position

2

exalt

v. 칭찬하다

= extol

[ n. exaltation]

3

excoriate

v. 비난하다

= denounce, criticize

[ n. excoriation]

4

execrate

v. 비난하다, 혐오하다

= abhor, denounce

[ n. execration, a.execrable(비난할만한)]

5

excrete

v. (동물) 배설하다, 배출하다

[ n. excretion]

: discharge from the blood, tissues, or organs

6

excruciating

a. 극심한 고통을 주는

[ v. excruciate]

: extremely painful, physically or emotionally

cf) agonize(극심한 고통을 겪다, ~하려고 애쓰다)

7

exculpate

v. 무죄를 선언하다

# inculpate, incriminate

: free somebody from blame or accusation of guilt

8

exemplary

a. 모범의, 전형의

= typical

[ n. exemplar]

: serving as example, ideal, worthy of imitation

cf) empitomize(전형의)

9

exempt

a, v. 면제된

[ n. examption]

: freed from or not subject to something such as a duty, tax

10

exhaustive

a. 포괄적인, 철저한

= thorough, complete, comprehensive

# partial

11

exhausting

a. 피곤하게/ 지치게하는

= tiring, draning, fatiguing

12

exonerate

v. 무죄를 입증하다

= absolve, acquit, exculpate, exonerate, vindicate

[ n. exoneration]

: free somebody from blame or oblication

13

expediency

n. 편의성

= practicality, convenience

: use of short-term effective methods

14

expedite

v. 촉진시키다

= facilitate

# impede

: speed up the progress of, deal with quickly and efficiently

15

expedition

n. (촉진), 탐사, field trip

= trip, outing

# foot-dragging(지체하는), leisureliness(leisurely=여유롭게)

: speed or efficiency, organized trip by a group

16

explicit

a. 명백한

= obvious, manifest, patent

# implicit, subtle

17

extant

a. 현존하는

: not lost, missing, destroyed or extinct

18

extemporize

v. 즉흥으로 하다

= improvise

[ a. extemporaneous]

: perform something without preparation

19

extenuate

v. 사태의 심각성/중요성을 줄이다

= attenuate(물리적)

: diminish the seriousness of or magnitude of

20

extraneous

a. 외부의, 비핵심의, 중요하지 않은

= irrelevant, not essential

: coming from outside

21

extrinsic

a. 외부의, 비핵심의, 중요하지 않은

= inessential

# intrinsic(내부의,핵심의)

: coming from outside

22

extrapolate

v. 추론하다, 일반화하다

= infer, deduce, generalize

: use known facts as the starting point from which to draw inferences

23

extravagant

a. 사치스러운

= wasteful

: spending too much, beyond what is reasonable

24

exuberant

a. 활기찬

= excite, animated

[ n. exuberance]

: full of enthusiasm and vitality

25

exultant

a. 크게 기뻐하는

[ v. exult]

: extremely happy or joyful

cf) exalt

26

facetious

a. 웃긴

= funny, humorous, droll, antic

# serious

27

facile

a. 신속한, 수월한

= expedite, facilitate

: easy to do, requiring little effort, fluent but insincere or superficial

cf) facile + 말 : 유창(진정성x) => 임만 살아있는

28

faddish

a. 잠깐 유행이 도는

# classical(전통적으로 쭉 해오는)

[ n. fad(잠깐의 유행)]

: briefly fashionable

29

fade

v. 희미하게 하다

= vanish

[ a, fading, faded]

: make something lose brightness, color, or loudness gradually, become tired

cf) 번영했는데 쇠퇴되는 느낌

30

failing

v, a. 기절하다, 희미한

= not bright, clear, or loud

: lose consciousness briefly