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Flashcards in Day05 Deck (75):
1

defer

v. 미루다, 미룰수 있는

[ a. deferrable(미룰만한)]

: postpone, submit to the opinion through respect

2

deference

n. 존경, 복종, 공손한

= respect, submission

[ a. deferential]

cf) ref. respectful, deferential, obeisant

3

defraud

v. 사기치다

: cheat somebody

cf) ref. fraud, fraudulent

4

deft

a. 능숙한

= adroit, adept

: quick and skillful

5

defuse

v. 긴장과 위험을 줄이다

: make less dangerous, tense, or hostile

cf) fuse(폭탄터지는)

6

defy

v. 반역하다

= rebel, resist

[ a. defiant n.defiance]

: challenge authority

7

deject

v. 낙담시키다

= dispirit, dishearten

[ a.dejected n. dejection]

cf) hearten=encourage

8

delegate

n.v. 대표, 대표자/ 위임하다

= designate, hand over, entrust

: n.representative v.give task to

9

deleterious

a. 파괴시키는, 해로운

= damaging, harmful, noxious

10

deliberate

v.a. 심사숙고하다

[ n. deliberation]

: think carefully, intentionally and slowly

11

delicate

a. 정교한, 예의바른

# indelicate

[ n.delicacy]

: easily broken, finely made, refined, gentle, considerate

12

delude

v. 현혹시키다, 속이다

= deceive, mislead

[ a.delusive n. delusion]

: lead into false belief

13

delve

v. 철저히 조사하다

: dig for information, investigate or research something thoroughly to obtain information

14

denotative

a. 직유적인

[ v. denote]

: indicative, designating or showing something

15

denouement

n. 절정

: final revelation, final part, conclusion

cf) ref. drama-denouement, joke-punch line

16

denounce

v. 비난하다

[ n. denunciation a. denunciatory]

: criticize publicly

cf) nounce(공개적인것)

17

deplore

v. 안타깝다. 비난하다

= condemn, criticize, lament, bemoan

18

deploy

v. 배치하다

: put something to use, organize

19

deprecate

v. 비난하다. 비하하다(belittle)

=  denounce, deplore

: condemn, express disapproval

20

depreciate

v. 가치를 떨어뜨리다.

= abase, belittle

: lessen in value

21

deport

v. 추방시키다

= banish, exile(망명하다)

[ n. deportation]

: forcibly repatriate

cf) ref. deport-nation, expel-school, evict(eviction)-dwelling

22

deride

v. 조롱하다

= ridicule, mock

[ n. derision a. derisive]

23

derivative

a. 파생적인

[ v. derive]

: unoriginal

cf) original(독창성, creative) ref..derive A from B

24

desecrate

v. 신성모독하다

= blaspheme(irreverence)

# consecrate

: insult or damage something sacred

25

despise

v. 깔보다

[ a. despicable, contemptible]

: regard with contempt, regard as unworthy, hate

cf) e.g. despised cowards

26

despondent

a. 낙담한

= discouraged, crestfallen, dejected

[ n. despondence]

27

despotic

a. 독재적인, 전제적인

= tyrannical, dictatorial, autocratic

[ n. despot, tyrant]

28

desultory

a. 랜덤

= random, haphazard

# systematic, methodical

29

detached

a. 무관심한, 공감하지 못한

= indifferent, disinterested

[ n. detachment]

: not attached, free from emotional involvement

30

deter

v. 겁줘서 방해하다

= daunt, dissuade

[ n.a. deterrent]

: discourage somebody especially by making people feel afraid or anxious

cf) deter+사람

31

deteriorate

v. 약화시키다, 손상시키다(상황, 환경)

[ n. deterioration]

: become or make something worse in quality, value, or strength

32

detract

v. 비난하다

[ n. detractor]

: take away from, reduce the value

33

detrimental

a. 손상시키다, 파괴시키다.

= deleterious

: causing harm or damage

34

devastate

v. 파괴시키다, 손상시키다

= destroy, demolish

[ a.devastating(탈선한) n. devastation(황폐)]

: damage severely

35

deviate

v. 이탈, 탈선하다

[ ref. deviate A from B a. deviating, n.deviation]

: behave differently or unacceptably

36

devour

v. 먹어치우다

: eat something quickly and hungrily

37

dexterous

a. 능숙한

= skillful, adept, adroit, deft

[ n. dexterity]

38

didactic

a. 가르치려는, 교훈적인

= edifying

: intended to instruct, morally instructive

39

differentiate

v. 세분화하다

= distinguish, discriminate

: see or show the differences between two or more things

40

diffuse

v. 퍼뜨리다,

= disperse, dissipate, scatter, strew

# curt

[ a. lacking conciseness(장황한)]

cf) strewn(퍼진)

41

diminish

v. 감소하다(쇠퇴하는 느낌)

= decline

[ n. diminution]

: make something smaller or less important

42

diminutive

a. 매우작은

= infinitesimal

: very samll

cf) degree

43

diplomatic

a. 외교적인, 외교술이 있는

= tactful

: involving diplomacy

44

disaggregate

v. 찢어지다, 분해하다, 분리하다

= segregate

# aggregate

[ n. disaggregation, aggregation]

: separate into parts

45

disarray

v.n. 무질서

= untidiness

# array

: disorganized state

cf) tidy(어지럽다)

46

disavow

v. 부정하다

# acknowledge, avow, concede

[ n. disavowal, denial]

: deny knowledge of or responsibility

47

discerning

a. 통찰력있는, 식별할 수 있는

= insightful, perceptive, percipient, sensitive

[ v. discern, discover, detect(SE)]

: showing good judgement

48

disconcert

v. 당황시키다

= abash, faze, disconcert

: embarrass

49

discrete

a. 분리된

= disparate

: completely separate

50

discreet

a. 신중, 분별력있는

[ n. discretion]

: careful, circumspect, prudent, good at keeping secrets, careful to avoid offending people

51

discretionary

a. 자유결정의

# obligatory

: giving somebody authority to decide

52

discursive

a. 길고 산만한

= digressive, excursive(산만하고 길지X)

: lengthy with digressions

53

disdain

n.v. 경멸하다

[ a. disdainful]

: extreme contempt, look down on

54

disillusion

v. 착각하다

[ a. disillusioned]

: destroy illusion(a false belief)

55

disinclination

n.v. 꺼림

= reluctance, hesitance

[ a. disinclined]

: wish to avoid

56

disinfect

v. 살균시키다

= sterilize

[ n. disinfectant]

: rid of germs

57

dismal

a. 쓸쓸한, 우울한

= depressing, miserable, gloomy, dreary, morose, dismal, sullen

58

dismay

v.n. 충격

: shock, consternation

59

disparage

v. 비난하다, 비하하다

= criticize, belittle, decry

60

dispassionate

a. 객관적인

= disinterested, evenhanded, impartial, unbiased, neutral

: calmly objective, not influenced by emotion

61

disposed

a. 경향의

= willing, inclined, prone

# indisposed

[ n. disposition, predisposition]

62

dissemble

v. 속이다

= beguile, cozen, delude

: put on false apperance

63

dissension

n. 불일치

= opposition, dieagreement, dissent, discord

64

dissolute

a. 방탕한

# abstemious

: morally unrestrained

65

distend

v. 확대하다, 팽창하다

= swell, expand, inflate

# deflate

66

distinct

a. 뚜렷이 구분되는, 다른

= discrete, disparate(SE)

[ n. distinction, difference]

: clearly separate and different

67

distinctive

a. 개성있는

: uniquely characteristic, different from others

68

divert

v. 집중을 깨다, 관심을 돌리다

= amuse

[ a. diverting, amusing, entertaining]

: distract, take somebody's mind off something and draw attention to something else

69

docile

a. 순종적인

= amenable, tractable

: quiet and easy to control

70

doctrine

n. 교리,원칙

= principle, dogma

[ a. doctrinaire, dogmatic]

71

dogged

a. 고집센

= balky

: stubbornly persevering

72

doleful

a. 슬퍼하는

= mournful, dolorous

: very sad

73

doodle

v. 낙서하다

: scribble or draw aimlessly

74

dormant

a. 동면의

[ n. dormancy]

: temporarily inactive

cf) ref. latent(latency)( 잠복기)<> active, evident

75

dour

a. 가혹한, 우울한

= severe, gloomy