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Flashcards in Day13 Deck (75):
1

perpetrate

v. (범죄를)저지르다

: do something wrong, commit or be responsible for something, usually something criminal or morally wrong

2

perpetual

a. 영속적인;영원한의 의미를 지님

[ v. perpetuate]

: lasting for ever

3

persevere

v. (severe한 것을) 꿋꿋이 잘 해나가다, 견디다

[ n. perseverance 굳센 마음, 의지]

: persist steadily in an action or belief despite problems or difficulties

4

persistence

n. 인내심, 끈기(고집의 느낌은 아님)

[ v. persist a. persistent]

: the state or quality of being persistent

5

perspicacious

a. 통찰력 있는

= insightful, discerning

[ n. perspicacity]

6

perspicuous

a. (뚫어서 볼 수 있는 상태) 투명한, 명료한

[ n. perspicuity<>opacity(불투명)]

: clear and comprehensible

cf) clarity가 있음

7

pertain

v. 관련성이 있다,적절하다.

[ a. pertinent(적절한)]

: have relevance, be appropriate

8

pertinacious

a. 고집센

= obstinate

: stubbornly persistent

cf) tina, tene=hold;(+사람성격) 고집

9

perturb

v. (감정적, 사회적) 동요시키다

[ n. perturbation(혼란, 동요)]

: disturb greatly

10

pervasive

a. 만연한(널리, 쫙 퍼진)

= universal, ubiquitous

[ v. pervade]

: spreading everywhere, widely distributed

11

phenomenal

a. 대단한

= extraordinary, outstanding, marvelous, huge

12

phlegmatic

a. 무기력한, 무감정한

= unimotional

# lively, emotional

: having a calm, sluggish temperament

cf) 다리가 풀린

13

pillory

v. (공개적으로)벌, 조롱하다 벌을 주는 데 공개적으로 조롱하면서

: punish in pillory, ridicule openly

cf) pillory-punish denounce-criticize

14

pine

n,v. 소나무, 침엽수 그리워하다 야위다, 시들다

: evergreen tree; feel nostalgic desire, wither

cf) pine-needle

15

piquant

a. 기분좋게 쏘는 (e.g. 콜라)

: pleasantly pungent(쏘는), tasty, interesting

16

pique

v. 화나게 하다 (나의 peak;자존심을 건드려 화나게 하다)

= provoke

: cause to feel resentment

cf) peak와 발음이 동일

17

pith

n. 요점 (길이에 상관없이 핵심인지 아닌지)

: the essential or central part

18

pithy

a. 간결한 (길이의 문제)

[ n. pithiness]

: brief and to the point

19

placate

v. 달래다

= relieve, pacify

: make somebody less angry

cf) 울퉁불퉁한 plcae(장소)를 평평하게 해주다

20

placid

a. 고요한, 평온한

= serene, tranquil

[ n. placidity]

: calm and quiet

21

placebo

n. 위약효과

: drug with no real effect

cf) placebo-innocuous(먹어도 해가 되지 않으므로)

22

plastic

a. 변형이 가능한, 연성이 있는

= malleable

[ n. plasticity]

: able to be molded, adapting easily and readily to change

23

plateau

n. 고원, 정체기(변화 없는 상태)

: raised area with level top, a relatively stable level, period, or state(without change)

cf) 플래토~

24

plaudit

v. 칭찬, 승인

: enthusiastic expression of praise or approval

cf) laud:칭찬하다

25

pliable

a. 변성이 있는

= flexible, pliant, plastic

: easily bent or shaped

26

plot

n, v. 줄거리, 음모

= conspire, collude, connive

: the plan of main story in a narrative, a secret plan to accomplish an illegal purpose, a small piece of ground

27

pluck

v. 잡아뽑다; 용기

# quilt

[  n. courage or daring, (a. plucky)]

: detach by grasping

28

plumb

v. 수직추, 깊이를 재다, 깊게 연구하다

: determine the depth, examine closely or deeply, fathom

cf) ref. umplumbed: 깊이를 모르는

29

plummet 

v. 뚝 떨어지다

: fall straight down, decline suddenly and steeply

30

polarize

v. 양극화하다

: cause to concentrate about two conflicting positions

31

polemic

n. 논쟁

[ a. polemical]

: a passionate argument

32

politicize

v. 정화시키다. 사람이 정치에 관심을 생기게 하다

: bring something (an issue of public interest) into the political arena, make somebody politically aware or active

33

pompous

a . 허풍

= bombastic, hyperbolic

: characterized by excessive sefl-esteem

34

ponderous

a . 무거운, 무기력한(정형돈)

: having great weight, not light or fluent, labored and dull, not lively, leaden

35

porous

a . 다공성의 투각성의

[ n. pore]

: full of or having pores, easily crossed or penetrated, permeable

36

portent

n. 징조

[ v. portend: 징조가 되다, 예언을 하다]

: an indication that something is going to happen

37

portentous

: foreboding, exciting wonder and awe, significant

38

posture

n, v. 자세; 가식적으로 행동하다

= attitude

[ n. posturer, poseur]

: body position; assume an affected attitude, show off pretend

39

potable

a . 음료수를 마실 수 있는

: fit to drink, drikable

cf) ref. portable: 운반할 수 있는

40

potentate

n. 유력자, 통치자

# subject

: one who has the power and position to rule over others

cf) poten-:힘

41

practicable

a . 현실가능한

= feasible

: capable of being caried out or put into effect, usable

42

preamble

n. 서문

= preface, foreword, overture

# epilogue

: introduction

cf) ref. (music)prelude, interlude, coda

43

precarious

a . 불안전한

= unsafe unstable, unsteady, uncertain, insecure

44

precipitate

v. 수직으로 떨어지다

[ n. precipitation, a. precipitous]

: fall or thow; make happen suddenly and quickly, act with lack of deliberation

45

predilection

n. 경향

= perchant

: liking, propensity

46

premature

a . 시기상조

: happening too soon that is expected

47

preponderant

a . 우세한

= ascendancy, supremacy, dominance

# minor, lesser

: greater in number, power, or importance

48

presage

n, v. 징조, 선견, 예지

: portent or omen, a sign of a future event; portend, harbinger, prophesy(prophetic)

49

prescience

n. 선견지명, 통찰력

= foresight

# myopia

: knowledge of actions or events before they occur

50

presumptuous

a . 건방진, 도를 넘은

= brazen, brassy, impudent, insolent, nervy, effrontery

: rude or arrogant, going beyond what is right or proper

51

preternatural

a. 초자연적인

= supernatural, extraordinary

: going beyond nature

52

prevalent

a. usual(일반적인)

[ a. prevailing, v. prevail]

: widely occurring, existing, accepted, or practiced, most common and frequent, usual

cf) pervasive - 퍼진

53

prevaricate

v. 거짓의, 모호한

= equivocate, palter

[ n. prevarication]

: stray from or dvade the truth

54

prickly

a. 쉽게 화내는

= "peevish", oversensitive

: having a surface with prickles, uncomfortable, "easily angered"

55

principled

a. 도덕적인

: having moral principles((도덕적)원리)

cf) disciplined(훈련된)

56

pristine

a. 깨끗한, (문명에) 훼손이 안된

= pure, uncorrupted

: remaning in a "pure" state, "uncorrupted" by civilization

cf) 원시상태의의 뜻을 가진 primitive는 옛날을 의미하는 것과는 달리, '원시'라서 깨끗하고(clean), 문명에 오염되지 않은 것을 말한다.

57

probity

n. 정직

= "integrity", "rectitude", uprightness, righteousness

: absolute moral correctness

58

proclivity

n. 경향

= "tendency", "inclination", "bent", "leaning", propensity", "disposition", "predisposition", predilection", "penchant"

59

prodigal

a. 사치하는

# frugal

[ n. prodigality]

: rashly or wastefully extravagant

60

profane

a, v. 신성모독

[ n. profanation]

: marked by contempty or irreverence(신성모독, 경외감이 없는) for what is sacred

61

proffer

v. 제공하다

= issue(발행하다, 제공하다), tender

# withdraw(철회시키다), withhold(잡고있다)

: "offer" for acceptance

62

proficient

a. 능숙한

[ n. proficiency(능숙)]

: very skilled

cf) 여기서 'pro'는 professional을 의미

63

profligate

n, a. 낭비, 사치

= "prodigal"

: recklessly wasteful

64

profundity

n. 심오

[ a. profound(심오한)]

: "great" depth, "great" understanding

cf) DEGREE

65

prohibitive

a. 1) (금지된) 2) 너무 비싸서 살 수 없는

: forbidding something, too expensive to purchase

66

prolix

a. 장황한

= "garrulous", "loquacious", "long-winded"

[ n. prolixity]

: tiresomely wordy

67

prompt

a, v. a. 즉시; v. 자극하다, 일으키다

= ; "stimulate"(자극을 일으키는), "provoke"((감정 등의) 반응을 일으키다)

: done immediately, quick to act ; urge into action

cf) (증상, 상황, 반응을) 자극하다 일으키다.

68

propagate

v. 널리 퍼뜨리다, (생물학) 후손을 퍼뜨리다

[ n. propaganda]

: reproduce organism, spread something widely, spread ideas to many people

69

propitiate

v. 달래다

= "allay, "alleviate", "appease", "assuage", "conciliate", "mitigate", "mollify", "palliate", "pacify", "placate", soothe, soften, relieve

cf) 프로"피시"에이트 -> peace

70

propitious

a. 천우신조의(상황이 우호적인)

= "auspicious", "providential", "opportune", "timely"

# omnious, ill-bonding

: presenting "favorable" circumstance

cf) 프로피셔스

71

propriety

n. 적절, 예의

[ a. proper]

: appropriateness, socially correct or appropriate behavior

72

prosaic

a. 평범한(시선을 못끄는), (산문체의)

= "ordinary", "everyday", "pedestrian", not interesting(시선을 못끄는), straightforward

cf) prose : 산문; 산문체의 라는 뜻은 운율이 없고 평소 같이 말한다는 의미에서의 사용은 가능하나, GRE에는 안나온다.

73

protocol

n. 절차

= procedure, convention

: the rules of correct behavior

74

protract

v. (기간, 글의 길이 등을) 연장시키다

= prolong

: make something last longer

75

provincial

a. 편협한 (그 지방에 일어나는 일만 아는)

= "insular", "parochial(교구의, 편협한)"

[ n. province (지방,지역 ; (행정)종속적인 branch e.g. 미국의 주)]

: not sophiscated, limited in perspective, narrow and self-centered