Day16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Day16 Deck (75):
1

solvent

n, a. 용해질; 규모에 맞게 소비하는

[ n. solvency]

: dissolvent; dissolving something, capable of meeting inncial obligations

2

sophism

n, a. 궤변의

[ a. sophistic]

: apparently clever but flawed argument

3

sophistication

n. 교양있는

[ a. sophisticated]

: knowledgeableness and refinement, polish, techincal advancedness, elegance

4

soporific

n, a. 수면제, 지루한

: hypnotic, sleep-including, tedious

5

sordid

a. 더러운

= filthy(filthiness), foul, morally degraded

: dirty

6

sound

a. 튼튼한, 논리가 튼튼한

: not damaged, healthy, based on good sense and valid reasoning, coherent, convincing

7

sparse

a. 희박한

: occurring, growing, or settled at widely spaced intervals, not thick or dense

8

spartan

a. 스파르타식의, 엄격한, 장식없고, 절약하는, 간결한

= austere

: rigorously self-disciplined or self-restrained, simple, frugal, marked by brevity of speech

9

specious

a. 허울만 그럴듯한?

= sophistic

: appearing to be true but really false

10

speculate

v. 추론하다

[ a. speculative, n. speculation]

: engage in reasoning often based on inconclusive evidence

11

spontaneous

a. 자발적인

[ n. spontaneity]

: self-generated, arising from a natural inclination, unstudied in manner or behavior

12

spot

n, v. 얼룩, 장소; detect

: place, mark, blemish; detect, see

13

spur

v, n. 자극하다, 격려하다

: encourage somebody to try harder, stimulate, induce; inducement, incentive

14

spurn

v. 경멸하며 거절하다

= scorn

: reject somebody or something with disdain

15

squalid

a. 더러운

# splendid

[ n. squalor]

: dirty, sordid, lacking in honesty, dignity, and morals, shappby

16

squander

v. 낭비하다

# skimp, scrimp

: spend wastefully or extravagantly

17

squash

v. 짓누르다

: flatten something with pressure, put down a rebellion, suppress a revolt, crush by trampling, squelch, stiffle

18

stagnant

a. 정체된

: not flowing, unmoving, inactive, still

cf) e.g. stagflation

19

stalwart

a. 굳센

= sturdy, stout, stouthearted

# faint-hearted

: strong, bold, brave, firm and reolute

20

status quo

n. 현상태

: the condition or state of affairs that currently exists

21

stealty

a. 은밀한

= furtive, clandestine, surreptitious, secretive, covert

22

stiff

a. 딱딱한

= rigid, strict

# supple

23

stilted

a. 거드름피우는

= pretentious, unnatural, wooden

: stiffly formal

24

stingy

a. 인색하게 굴다

= parsimonious, penurious, skimpy

: not generous in giving or spending money, small and inadequate

25

stint

v. 인색하게 굴다

[ a. stinting<> unstinting]

: be miserly

26

stoic

a, n. 무감정한, 무감각한

: one who is seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure or pain

27

stolid

a, n. 무감정한, 무감각한

= impassive

: having little emotion or sensibility

cf) e.g. massive and stolid bureaucracy

28

streamline

v. 곡선모양으로 부드럽게 돌아가는, 유연하게 넘어가다

: design or build with smooth shape, make something more efficient, rationalize

29

stymie

v. 장애물 방해물

= obstruct, frustrate, foil, impede, hinder, hamper, thwart

: block

30

subject

n. 주제, 과목, 피통치자

# potentate

[ a. subject to: ~에 종속된, dependent to, prone to]

: topic, course of study, a ruled person

31

subjugate

v. 정복하다, 노예로 만들다,억압하다, 억제하다

[ n. subjugation]

: force into submission by military conquest

32

submissive

a, n. 복종하는

= obedient

: ready to submit to others

33

subside

v. 가라앉다

= sink, sag

: diminish in intensity, drop to lower level

34

subsidiary

a. 보조금

[ n. subsidy, v. subsidize]

: helping or supporting, helping or supporting

35

substantial

a. 엄청난; 물질의

: considerable in amount or importance, real and tangible

cf) ref. substantive-essential, with practical importance

36

subterfuge

n. 속임수(핑계)

: something designed to deceive

37

subtle

a. 명백하지 않은; 사람이 나대지 않는

[ c. subtler]

: slight and not obvious, pleasantly understated, refined

cf) ref. subtle-ignore, observe: (명백하지 않아서) 무시하기 쉽고, 관찰하긴 어려움

38

succinct

a. 간단명료

= concise, pithy

: brief and to the point

39

succumb

v. 죽다, 사망, 굴복

: yield to somebody, give in, die

40

sumptuous

a. 사치하는

= extravagant, wasteful, luxurious, prodigal, profligate

41

supercilious

a. 오만한

= assuming, condescending, haughy(haughtiness), bubris, vain

: of contempt and arrogance

42

superfluous

a. 여분의, 비핵심의

= redundant

[ n. superfluity]

: more than necessary

43

supplant

v. 대체하다, 쫒아내다, 제거하다?

: replace, displace, oust somebody

44

supplicate

v. 간청하다

= entreat, solicit, invoke

[ n. supplication]

: ask for humby or earnestly

45

surmise

v, n. 추측

= guesswork, conjecture, speculation, supposition

: make guess about something, guess, deduce, infer

46

surmount

v. 극복하다

: overcome difficulty

cf) ref. mount

47

surrogate

n. 대리

= proxy

: substitute

48

swerve

v. 급턴하다

# unswerving: 방향바꾸지 않는, 쭉가는, 굳센

: make a sudden change in direction

cf) ref. plummet-fall, swerve-turn

49

sybaritic

a. 방탕한, 사치스러운 쾌락주의

= luxury, hedonic

# ascetic

[ n. sybarite]

: self-indulgent, pleasure-seeking, marked by excessive

50

symmetry

n. 균형(비율이 좋은)

# asymmetrical

[ a. symmetrical]

: balanced proportions

51

synthesis

n. 합치다(인공적으로)

[ v. synthesize]

: combining of different elements into whole, formation of chemical compounds

52

tacit

a. 암묵적인(말을 하긴하는데 암묵적으로..)

# explicit

: not spoken, implied by or inferred

53

taciturn

a. 과묵한, 말을 안하는

[ n. taciturnity]

: habitually untalkative

54

tact

n. 교묘하게 피하다, 능숙하게 처리하다

= finesse

: ability to avoid giving offense, acute sensitivity to what is proper in dealing with others, diplomacy

55

tangential

a. 부수적인

= almost irrelevant, peripheral

: of tangent

56

taint

v, n. 더럽히다

= pollute, contaminate, spoil

: pollute, contaminate, spoil; stain, blemish

57

tantamount

a. 대등한, 동등한

: equivalent to a particular thing in effect, outcome, or value

58

taper

v. 폭을 줄이다

: make narrower

cf) ref. taper-width, retrench-expense/ e.g. tapering of quantitative easing

59

tardy

a. 속도를 느리게 하다

= late, delayed, sluggish, retard

# prompt

60

taut

a. 패팽한

# slack, lax loose

: pulled or stretched tightly

61

tedious

a. 지루한

[ n. tedium]

: boring, dull

62

teem

v. 가득차다, 가득차있는 상태(가득채우다 아님, 자동사임)

# be scarce

[ a. teeming]

: be full of

63

tempestuous

a. 격렬한

# halcyon

[ n. tempest]

: with storms, emotionally turbulent

64

temporal

a. 시간의, 일시적인

: relating to time, chronological/ lasting only a short time

65

tenacious

a. 고집

= pertinacious

[ n. tenecity]

: very determined or stubborn

66

tendentious

a. 편하적 열렬지지

= partisan

: written or spoken by somebody who wants to supports a particular viewpoint or cause

67

tentative

a. 불확실한, 자신없는; 잠정적인

# conclusive

: uncertain, provisional, temporary

cf) e.g. speak tentatively

68

tenuous

a. 얇은, 논리가 희박한

# sound

: thin, weak and unconvincing

69

terror

n. 심하게 공포감을 주다

[ v. terrify]

: intense fear

70

terse

a. 간결한

= curt, laconic, reticent, taciturn

[ n. terseness]

: brief and unfriendly, often conveying annoyance

71

theatrical

a. 극적인

= melodramatic, dramatic, histrionic

# restrained, natural

: unnatural, exaggerated

72

timorous

a. 소심한

: timid, fearful

73

tolerant

a. 견디는

# bigoted

[ v. tolerate]

: accepting different views, withstanding harsh treatment

74

torpid

a. 무기력한

= listless, sluggish, lethargic, languid, lassitude

[ n. torpor]

: lacking physical or mental energy

75

tortuous

a. 꼬여있는, 복잡한

= labyrinthine

: twisting and winding, extremely complex

cf) ref. distort:왜곡하다, contort:몸을 배배꼬다