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Flashcards in Day01 Deck (75):
1

abandon

v,n. 버리다; 방종

= v. forsake, desert

# n. inhibition

: v. leave, reject something previously done or used; n. lack of inhibition

2

abase

v,n. 가치를 떨어뜨리다

= lower, belittle

cf) to base

3

abash

v. 당황시키다, 창피하게 하다

= embarrass

cf) be ashamed

4

abate

v. 줄이다(물리적: 두께, 등급)

= lessen, decrease

: become less

cf) abase-valu, abate-tax

5

abbreviate

v. 요약하다

= shorten

[ n. abbreviation (v.-te -> n.-tion)]

cf) acronym 두문자어; bre=짧다

6

abdicate

v. 사임하다

= resign

[ n. abdiction (resignation)]

cf) ab=away; dic=말

7

aberrant

a. 비정상

= abnormal, atypical

[ n. aberration]

cf) normal=typical=conventional; err=error

8

abet

v. 격려하다, 지지하다, 돕다

= encourage, support

9

abhor

v. 혐오하다(>dislike)

= hate, abominate (abomination)

[ n. abhorrence]

: dislike strongly

10

abiding

a. 오래 가는

: enduring, long-lasting

cf) e.g. law-abiding 모범

11

abjure

v. (주장, 신념을)거부, 철회하다

= abnegate

# reaffirm 재확신하다

: give up a previously held belief

cf) jure=사실, 옳음

12

abolish

v. 폐지하다

= abrogate

# establish

[ n. abolition, abolitionist(노예제도 폐지론자)]

: do away with

13

aboveboard

a. 정정당당한

: open, honest

14

abridge

v. 요약하다

= shorten, abbreviate

cf) bri=짧다

15

absolve

v. 무죄를 선언하다

: pronounce clear of guilt or blame

16

abstain

v. 삼가다(할 수 있고, 해도 상관 없으나 참는 것)

= refrain, forgo

17

abstemious

a. 금욕적인

= ascetic 금욕적인, 금욕주의자

: eating and drinking in moderation

cf) stemi=욕망

18

abstinent

a. 절제하다

[ n. abstinence(=self-denial) 금욕]

: self-denying

19

abstract

a,v,n. 추상의; 요약

: a. nonrepresentational, difficult to understand; v. summarize; n. summary

20

abstruse

a. 난해한

: difficult to understand

21

absurd

a. 비상식적인

= illogical, irrational, unreasonable, nonsensical

[ n. absurdity]

22

abuse

n,v. 욕하다

[ a. abusive 욕설의]

: misuse, mistreat, speak insultingly

cf) e.g. abuse of the oceans

23

abysmal

a. 심오한

: terrible, horrible, very deep

24

accede

v. 동의하다

= agree

25

accessible

a. 이해가 쉬운

# inaccessible, abstruse

[ n. accessibility]

: easily reached, friendly, easily understood

26

acclaim

v. 칭찬하다

[ n. acclamation]

: praise somebody publicly with great enthusiasm

27

accolade

v.n. 승인, 인정->칭찬(하다)

: an expression of approval, praise, honor

28

accommodate

v. 편의를 도모하다->돕다

[ n. accommodation]

: do a favor or service for, oblige

29

accord

n.v. 일치, 동의; 주다

# discord

: agreement, harmony, concord; agree, grant

cf) ref. concordant 일치하는<>discordant 불일치하는

30

account

[ a. accountable 책임있는(responsible)]

: explanation, report

cf) e.g. take into account

31

accrete

v. 누적되어 커지다, 증가하다, (이자가 붙다), 늘어나다

# erode (erosion)

[ n. accretion]

: make or become bigger by adding

32

accrue

v. 늘어나다, 누적하여 증대하다

[ n. accrual]

: accumulate, increase

33

accuse

v. 기소, 고발하다

# absolve (무죄선언하다)

[ n. accusation]

: blame, charge, indict

cf) e.g. accusation of fraud and deceit

34

acerbic

a. 신랄하게 공격하는

: bitter or sharp in tone, taste, or manner

35

acknowledge

v. 인정하다, (+사람)긍정하다

: admit that something exists, is true, or is real, show appreciation of something, recognize

36

acme

n. 정점, 최고점

# nadir(바닥)

: the highest point, apex, apogee, summit, zenith, vertex, pannacle, culmination(culminate)

37

acquiesce

v. 묵묵히 따르다

[ a. acquiescent, n. acquiescence]

: comply without protest

38

acquit

v. 무죄를 선언하다

[ n. acquittal]

: declare innocent, absolve

39

acrid

a. 신랄하게 공격하는

: unpleasantly pungent, bitter in tone or character

40

acrimonious

a. 신랄하게 공격하는

[ n. acrimony]

: bitter, angry, or sharp in language or tone

41

acuity

n. 날카로움, 예민함

[ a. acute]

: sharpness, keenness

42

acumen

n. 명철함(사람에게 사용)

: sharpness, quick insight

43

adamant

a. (사람 성격이)고집센

: stubbornly unyielding

44

adapt

v. 적응하다

: make suitable to, adjust, change something, to suit different conditions or a different purpose

cf) adapt, adjust 적응하다=change

45

adept

a. 능숙한, 숙련된

# awkward

: skillful

46

adduce

v. 증거로써 제시하다

: offer as evidence or example

47

adhere

v. (붙다), 지지하다, 법을 준수하다

[ n. adherence]

: stick firmly, support, obey, follow a rule, observe

cf) -here-: 붙는 느낌

48

adhesive

n.a. 풀, 접착제; 끈적끈적한

: sticky, tacky, viscous, viscid, glutinous, agglutinated

49

adherent

n. 지지자, 옹호자

: supporter, proponent, advocate

50

administer

v. 약을 처방하다

: manage, control, give as medication

51

admire

v. 감탄하다, 칭찬하다

[ n. admiration, a. admiring, admirable]

: wonder, respect, praise

52

admonish

v. 타이르다

= warn, caution

: reprove mildly, warn, caution

53

adorn

v. 꾸미다, 장식하다

: decorate, embellish

54

adroit

a. 능숙한

: skillful, adept

55

adulate

v. 아첨하다

[ n. adulation, a. adulatory]

: admire excessively in order to win favor

56

adumbrate

v. 가리다

# reveal

[ n. adumbration]

: sketchily indicate, conceal

cf) -umbra-: 가리다

57

adversity

n. 역경, 고난

: hardship and suffering

58

aesthetic

a. 미학의, 미를 식별하는

[ n. aesthetics, adv. aesthetically]

: appreciative or beauty, especially in art

59

aesthete

n. 미학자

: lover of beauty, art lover, somebody who has a high developed appreciation of beauty, connoisseur

cf) appreciation 식별, connoisseur 감식가

60

affable

a. 상냥한

[ n. affability]

: good-natured, friendly

61

affected

a. 가식적인

# natural, unaffected

[ n. affectation]

: assumed or simulated to impress others, pretentious

62

affection

n. 애정

: likeness, fondness

cf) ref. dote 맹목적으로 좋아하다

63

affiliate

v. 연합하다

[ n. affiliation]

: combine organizations, associate, ally

64

affinity

n. 호감, 동질감을 느껴 좋아함

: a natural liking, feeling or identification, similarity, like-mindedness

cf) 예: 동향 사람에 대한 호감

65

affluent

a. 부유한, 돈많은

[ n. affluence]

: having an abundance of material wealth, rich, opulent

66

affront

v. 모욕을 주다

: insult, offend, disrespect

67

aggrandize

v. 칭찬하다(사람의 입지를 넓혀 주다)

: enlarge or extend, improve ststus of somebody or something, glorify

68

aggravate

v. 악화시키다

[ n. aggravation]

: make worse, worsen

cf) worsen(SE)

69

agitate

v. 심란하게 하다

[ n. agitation, a. agitated]

: make anxious, move violently by shaking

70

agonize

v. 극심한 고통을 겪다

[ a. agonizing, n. agony]

: suffer extreme pain, worry about intensively, struggle, strive, agonize over

71

alacrity

n. 민첩, 열의

# delay, reluctance

[ a. alacritous]

: eager quickness

72

albeit

a. 그럼에도 불구하고

: even though, although, notwithstanding

73

alienate

v. 소외시키다(물리, 정신적), 적대감을 일으키다, 양도하다

[ n. alienation]

: estrange, make unfriendly, transfer

74

aligned

a. 직선으로 정렬된, 연합한

[ v. align]

: arranged in line, properly adjusted, affiliated

75

allay

v. 달래다

# aggravate

: reduce intensity of, soothe

cf) alli-, molli-, palli-: 달래다