Day17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Day17 Deck (63):
1

transcend

v. 능가하다, 초월하다

[ a. transcendent]

: go beyond a limit or range, surpass in quality or achievement

2

transparent

a. 투명한, (+사람) 솔직한

= clear, translucent, limpid, lucid, pellucid

# deceitful, obscure, opaque

: easily seen through, open and frank

3

treacherous

a. 배반하는, 불신의

= betraying, double-crossing(이중배신), perfidious

[ n. treachery]

4

trenchant

a. 상처주는 비난하는 말을 막하는 (근데 그 말이 사실임); 촌철살인

: direct, incisive, and deliberately hurtful

5

trepidation

n. 두려움, 겁냄

= apprehension, fear, uneasiness

[ a. trepid<>intrepid]

6

tribute

n. 칭찬

: expression of gratitude or praise

7

trifle

n,v. 사소한 것

[ a. trifling(minimal);SE]

: triviality; deal with something as if it were of little significance, slight

8

truculent

a. 호전적인

= bellicose, belligerent, martial, pugnacious

: aggressively defiant

9

tulmultuous

a. 사회적 동요, 무질서, 폭동

= noisy, unrestrained, chaotic, muddled, agitated

[ n. tumult]

10

turbulent

a. 거칠게 움직이는, 사나운

= chaotic, disturbed

: moving violently

11

turbid

a. 뿌연

= opaque, obscure, murky

12

tyranny

n. 독재, 폭정

[ n. tyrant(despot)]

: cruelty and injustice in the exercising of power over others, oppressive government

13

unctuous

a. 기름진, 지나치게 맞춰주는, 거짓으로 진지한 척

: oily; marked by insincere earnestness; excessively ingratiating

14

underhanded

a. 비밀의, 부정직한

: secret and dishonest

15

underplay

v. (원래 있는것보다)축소시켜 나타내다

= understate

# overstate

: present or deal with something in a deliberately restrained or subtle waty

16

underrated

a. 과소평가된

= overvalued, underextimated, unappreciated

# overrated

[ v. underrate]

cf) exaggerated(과장된=실제는 더 작다) underrated(과소평가된=실제로는 더 크다

17

unflappable

a. 침착한, 차분한

# flappable, panicky

: persistently calm, whether when facing difficulties or experiencing success

18

ungainly

a. 서투른

= clumsy, bungling, inept

: lacking grace, awkward to handel

19

unimpeachable

a. 죄가 없는, 의심할 게 없는

= blameless, unquestionable

: impossible to impeach, beyong doubt

20

uphold

v. 지지하다

= shore up, encourage

: maintain or support

21

urbane

a. 예의바른

= sophisticated, refined, courteous, decorous, polished, cultured, genteel

[ n. urbanity(sophistication)]

22

urge

v. 북돋다, 격려하다

: advise somebody strongly, encourage

23

utilitarian

a. 실용적인, 유용한

= useful, practical

24

utter

v. 말하다, 완전한

= say, pronounce; complete, absolute

[ n. uttering, utterance adv. utterly]

25

unwavering

a. 확고한, 변함없는

: steady and firm in purpose, not swaying, steadfast, resolute, unswerving

26

unwitting

a. 인지하지 못하는, 고의적이지 않은

= unknowing, unaware, unintentional

27

vagary

n. 변덕

[ a. vagarious]

: unpredictable change

28

vagrant

= vegabond; nomadic

29

vain

a. 텅 빈, 결실없는, 오만한

= vainglorious

: empty of substance, unsuccessful, excessively proud

cf) e.g. Your strength will be spent in vain(헛 짓)

30

valediction

n. 고별사

[ n. valedictorian]

: farewell speech

31

valiant

a. 용맹한

: courageous, brave and steadfast

32

valorous

a. 용맹한

[ n. valor]

: having or showing courage, especially in war or battle

33

vapid

a. 김빠진

= insipid

: lacking liveliness, lacking interest

34

venom

n. 독(주로 뱀의 독)

[ a. venomous(독성있는; 해로운)]

: a poison of animal

35

verbose

a. 장황한

= wordy

[ n. verbosity]

: using or containing a great and usually an excessive number of words

36

verse

n. 시

= poetry, poem, rhyme, sonnet(14행시)

# prose(산문)

cf) versed(정통한), conversant, meter(운율)

37

vicarious

a. 대리의

= second hand

# first hand

: experience through another person rather than at frist hand

38

vigilant

a. 경계하는

[ n. vigilance]

: alert and watchful, especially to danger or to something that is wrong

cf) (동물한테 많이 쓰임)

39

vigor

n. 에너지, 열의

= vitality, vim

[ a. vigorous]

: great phisical or mental strength and energy

40

vile

a. 사악한

: very evil or shameful, disgusting

41

vilify

v. 욕하다

= vituperate, malign, revile

[ n. vilification(vituperation, obloquy)]

: make malicious and abusive statements

cf) belittle, disparage의 느낌 무시하고, 깔보는 느낌이 있어서 overlook도 가능

42

vindicate

v. 무죄선언하다, 입증하다

= absolve, acquit, exculpate, exonerate, justify, defend(right)

: show somebody or something is blameless

43

virulent

a. 독성이 있는; 해로운

= venomous, pernicious, baleful, baneful

: extremely poisonous or damaging to organisms

44

visionary

a. 공상의; 앞을 내다보는

= imaginary

: full of foresight

45

vitalize

v. 에너지를 북돋다

= energize, animate, invigorate

# devitalize

46

vitiate

v. 손상시키다

= damage, mar, impair

: make something ineffective of defective

47

vitriolic

a. 신랄하게 공격하는

[ n. vitriol]

: derived from a vitriol, bitterly scathing

48

voluble

a. 장황한

= verbose, garrulous, loquacious, long-winded, prolix

[ n. volubility]

: talking or spoken at length

49

volumious

a. 양이 많은

[ n.volume]

: having great size, capacity, or fullness

50

voluptuous

a. 욕망을 추구하는(성, 육체적인)

= voluptuary

# ascetic, abstemious

: inclined or devoted to a luxurious sensual life

51

vulgar

a. 천박한, 저속한(사람, 행동, 동물)

= crude, rude, tasteless

[ n. vulgarity]

cf) vulgarian<>aesthete(미학자)

52

wane

vi. 쇠퇴하다

= lessen, decline, ebb

[ a. waning]

: decrease in intensity

cf) wane은 자동사로만 쓰임 undermine(무엇을 약화시키다);(SE)에서 오답 ebbing<>emerging, nascent

53

warrant

v. 보증 (논리적인 보증-> 정당화 근거)

: guarantee, serve as a justifiable reason to do, believe or think something, justification

cf) unwarranted

54

wary

a. 경계하는(사람한테 씀)

= vigilant(주로 동물)

: cautious and watchful, alert

55

whimsical

a. 변덕스러운

= capricious, erratic, fickle, mercurial, vagarious, whimsical

[ n. whim(변덕)]

: unpredictable and changeable

56

whimsy

n,a. 이상한

: odd, fanciful, playfully humorous

cf) 비현실적인데 재밌고 가벼우면서 밝은 느낌 (e.g.  이상한 나라의 앨리스

57

willful

a. 고집센

= stubborn, obstinate

: said or done or purpose

58

wily

a. 교활한

= artful, crafty, cunning, guileful, sly, shift, sham

59

withdrawn

a. (사람이 물러나는 성격) 내성적인

= introverted, reserved, retiring

[ v. withdraw(후퇴하다, 철회하다)]

cf) retire; v. 은퇴하다, a. (태도가) 물러나는

60

wither

v. 시들다

: fade away, lose freshness or vitality, weaken

cf) wither, wane, waste away

61

wry

a. 꼬인, 뒤틀린

= awry

# aligned(정렬된)

: twisted, amusing and ironic

cf) e.g. wry humor

62

zeal

n. 열정

[ a. zealous, n. zealot(극단주의자)=extremist]

: energetic, enthusiasm

63

zesty

a. 톡 쏘는데 맛있는

= lively, enjoying, refreshing, piquant

[ n. zest]