Day03 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Day03 Deck (75):
1

base

a. 비열한, 도덕성 없는

: lacking morals

2

bathetic

a. 진부한

= cliche, banal, trite

: commonplace, overused and consequently lacking in originality, bromide

3

bedeck

v. 장식하다

= decorate, ornament, adorn, embellish

4

befuddle

v. 혼동시키다

= perplex, puzzle, baffle

5

beguile

v. 1.속이다; 2.매혹시키다

[ a. beguiling 매력적인]

: deceive, charm

cf) cf. guileful 속이는

6

belie

v. 진실을 감추고 다르게 나타내다

= mask

: disguise the true nature, show to be false

cf) e.g. This silence belies a disturbing reality

7

bellicose

a. 호전적인

= warlike, aggressive, belligerent

8

bellwether

n. 지도자

: leader

9

bemoan

v. 슬퍼하다, 개탄하다 (후회, 비난)

= mourn, lament

: express grief

10

beneficent

a. 1.이로운; 2.상냥한

= benevolent, benignant

# malevolent, malignant

: showing goodwill, doing good, charitable, favorable, kind

11

benign

a. 1.이로운; 2.상냥한; 3.(상황,결과가) 원하는대로 돌아가는

: beneficial, affable, kind, mild, favorable in effect

12

beneficiary

n. 수혜자

# benefactor (후원자, 은인)

: somebody who receives a benefit from something

13

bent

n. 경향(무조건 liking)

: natural inclination, tendency, preference

14

berate

v. 비난하다

: rebuke or scold angrily and at length

15

betray

v. 1.배신하다(+대상); 2.누설하다(+내용)

[ n. betrayal]

: go against promise, be disloyal, disclose

16

bewilder

v. 혼동시키다

= perplex, puzzle, baffle, befuddle

17

bibliophile

n. 애서가

: collector of books

18

bigot

n. (종교, 정치, 인종) 편협한 사람

[ n. bigotry; a. bigoted]

: intolerant person, somebody who refuses to accept different views

19

blase

a. 질린, 물린

= jaded

# enthusiastic

: unconcerned because of frequent exposure

20

blaspheme

v. 신성모독하다

# revere (경외하다)

[ n. blasphemy]

: insult religion, treat God disrespectfully or in irreverence

21

blemish

n,v. 죄, 결점, 흠

# a.unblemished = innocent

: n.flaw, imperfection, defect; v.damage

22

blithe

a. 명랑한

= carefree, lighthearted

# serious

23

boding

n. 징조

= foreboding

[ v. bode, forebode (징조가 되다)]

: an omen

24

bolster

n,v. 지지대; 지지하다

: n.cylindrical pillow; v.boost, strengthen

25

bombast

n. 허풍, 과장

[ a. bombastic]

: pompous language

26

boorish

a. 무례한

# civil (civility) 도시, 예의

[ (n. boor) churl]

: churlish, loutish

cf) boor, churl, lout: 촌뜨기 3인방

27

bootless

a. 결실없는

= futile

: having little or no success, unprofitable, futile (futility)

cf) boot 전리품

28

brazen

a. 건방진(무례, 존중X, 오만)

= brassy

: like brass, bold and unshamed, brassy

cf) brass 금속, 관악기 bold 덤비는

29

brevity

n. 간결, 간명

: briefness, shortness, concision (concise)

30

bridle

n.v. 굴레, 억제시키다

[ a. bridled 억제된 = control, controlled]

: harness for horse's head

cf) harness 마구, (사람 몸에 매는 마구 비슷한) 벨트

31

brittle

a. 딱딱해서 깨지기 쉬운

: hard and breakable, fragile, inflexible

32

brusque

a. 무뚝뚝한, 퉁명스러운

: abrupt or curt in manner or speech

33

brutal

a. 잔인한

: ruthless and cruel, harsh and severe, brute

34

bully

n.v. 위협하다

: intimidate weaker people, threaten, browbeat

cf) intimidate 소심(timid)하게 만들다, browbeat 위협하다

35

bungle

v. 서투르게 하다(일을 어벙하게 하다)

[ a. bungling 서투른 <> adroit, adept]

: work or act ineptly or inefficiently

36

buoyant

a. 부력이 있는, 회복력이 있는, 명랑한

[ n. buoyancy, v. buoy 뜨다, support하다(받쳐주다)]

: floating, quick to recover, cheerful

37

burgeon

v. 번성하다

: develop, flourish, prosper

38

buttress

n.v. 지지대, 부벽

= bolster

: support for wall, bolster, girder, truss

cf) undergird …의 밑을 단단하게 묶다; 뒷받침하다 <> undermine truss(골조) 보다는 undergird가 더 중요

39

cacophony

n. 불협화음, 불일치

# euphony

[ a. cacophonous <> euphonious]

: unpleasant noise, disagreement, discord

40

calibrate

v. 표준화하다

: ensure accuracy of something, standardize, adjust

41

camouglage

n.v. 덮다, 위장

# expose, reveal 노출하다

: disquise(guise 외양, 겉면), conceal, hide

42

candor

n. 솔직함, 정직

[ a. candid]

: frankness, openness

43

canon

n. 정경, 정통, 전통

# apocrypha 경외전

[ a. canonical]

: a secular law, the works that have been accepted as authentic, orthodoxy 정설

44

canvass

v. 철저조사하다, 여론조사하다, 투표청탁하다

: examine carefully, conduct a survey of public opinion, poll, go to solicit votes

cf) canvas (그림 그리는) 캔버스

45

caprice

n. 변덕

[ a. capricious]

: unpredictable and sudden change

46

captious

a. 트집잡는

: tending to find trivial(사소한) fault

47

captivate

v. 매혹시키다

[ a. captivating, n. captivation]

: enchant, facinate, charm, buguile

cf) ref. captivate > interest

48

castigate

v. 혹평하다

[ n. castigation]

: criticize severely

cf) ref. admonish 타이르다 < 비난하다 < castigate 혹평하다

49

catholic

a. 보편적인

# narrow

: all-inclusive, wide-ranging, broad

50

caustic

a. 신랄하게 공격하는, 부식의

= acrid, acrimonious, acerbic

: corrosive, sarcastic, acrid, acrimonious, acerbic

51

cavil

v. 트집잡다

= cavil, quibble(Quibbler), nitpick, carp(carping)/ faultfinder(트집잡는 사람)

[ a. captious]

: find trivial fault nunnecessarily

52

cease

v. 멈추다

[ n. ceasing, cessation]

: stop, discontinue

cf) e.g. all oppression shall cease

53

cede

v. 양도하다

= yield, surrender(demise)

cf) ref. accede(agree), concede(acknowledge) S cede O S는 O가 없어

54

celerity

n. 신속

= dispatch(SE)

: speed, quickness

55

censorious

a. 비난하는

[ v. censor, n. censorship]

: highly critical, conveying criticism

56

casual

a. 우연히, 가끔, 전문적이지 않는

: done by chance, chance, occasional, known only slightly, superficial

57

censure

n.v. 혹평

= castigate

: severe criticism

58

champion

v. 지지하다

: fingt for, defend, or support, advocate

59

chicanery

n. 속임수

: deception by trickery, artifice, guile

60

chronic

a. 만성적인

# occasional, casual

: lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence

61

chuckle

n.v.. 작은 웃음, 조용한 웃음

: laugh quietly

cf) ref. guffaw(큰 웃음)

62

cipher

: written code

cf) ref. decipher, decode

63

circumlocution

n. 장황한 우회적 표현

: wordy and indirect way of saying

64

circumspect

a. 신중한

= prudent, discreet

# reckless, rash

65

circumvent

v. 피하다

= avoid

: get around restriction

66

clandestine

a. 비밀의

: secret

67

clumsy

a. 서투른, 어색한

= bungling

# adept, adroit

: moving awkwardly

68

coarse

a. (사람) 무례한, (물건) 거친, 다듬어지지 않은

=  rough, lacking in refinement, vulgar(저속한, 천박한), unrefined, crass, crude

# refined(예의바른, 정교한)

69

coherent

a. 논리적인

= logical, rational, reasonable, convincing

# incoherent, disjointed(개연성 없는)

[ v. cohere]

70

commitment

n. 전념, 몰두, 헌신 공약, 약속, 결정

= devotion, dedication, loyalty, promise, pledge

[ a. committed <>uncommitted]

71

compartmentalize

v. 구분화하다

= classify, categorize, pigeonhole(SE)

: divide something into separate areas, categories, or compartments

72

compassion

n. 공감, 동정

[ a. compassionate]

: sympathy

73

compatible

a. 양립하는 (충돌하지 않는)

# incompatible

[ n. compatibility]

: harmonious without conflict

74

compel

v. 강요하다

= impel, enforce, impose

: force somebody to do something

75

compelling

a. 매력적인, 매혹시키는

= absorbing, exciting, captivating, fascinating

: holding the attention, attracting strong interest