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Flashcards in Defense Mechanisms Deck (33):
1

Repeatedly doing actions to keep form being uptight without weighing the possible results of those actions

Acting Out

2

Turning to others for help or support

Affiliation

3

Dedicating to meeting the needs of others

Altruism

4

Experiencing emotional reactions in advance of or anticipating consequences of possible future events and considering realistic alternative responses or solutions

Anticipation

5

Hiding a weakness by stressing too strongly the desirable strength. Overindulging in one area to make up for frustration in another

Compensation

6

Protecting oneself from unpleasant aspects of life by refusing to perceive, acknowledge, or face them

Denial of Reality

7

Attributing exaggerated negative qualities to self or others

Devaluation

8

Misdirecting pent-up feelings toward something or someone that is less threatening than that which actually triggered the feeling response

Displacement

9

Breakdown in sense of reality

Dissociation

10

Trying to handle problems or frustrations through daydreaming or imaginary solutions

Fantasy

11

Complaining or making repetitious requests for help that disguise covert feelings of hostility or reproach toward others, which are then expressed by rejecting the suggestions, advice, or help that others offer

Help-Rejecting Complaining

12

Emphasizing the amusing or ironic aspects of the conflict or stressor

Humor

13

Attributing exaggerated positive qualities to others

Idealization

14

Hiding ones feelings about something painful behind thoughts

Intellectualization

15

Adopting someone elses values and standards without exploring whether or not they actually fit oneself; "shoulds' or "ought-to's"

Introjection

16

Separating ideas from the feelings originally associated with them. Intellectualization and rationalization often reinforce this defense mechanism.

Isolation of Affect

17

Feeling or acting as if he or she possesses special powers or abilities and is superior to others

Omnipotence

18

Indirectly and unassertively expressing aggression toward others. There is a facade of overt compliance masking covert resistance, resentment, or hostility

Passive-Aggression

19

Blaming. Assuming that someone has a particular quality or qualities that one finds distasteful

Projection

20

Trying to feel more important by associating oneself with someone or something that is highly valued

Projective identification

21

Trying to prove ones actions "made sense" or were justified; making excuses

Rationalization

22

Adopting actions and beliefs, to an exaggerated degree that are directly opposite to those previously accepted

Reaction formation

23

Under stress, re-adoptong actions done at a less mature stage of development

Regression

24

Unconsciously blocking out painful thoughts

Repression

25

Unconsciously blocking out painful thoughts

Repression

26

Expressing feelings and thoughts directly in a way that is not coercive or manipulative

Self-assertion

27

Reflecting on own thoughts, feelings, motivation, and behavior, and responding appropriately

Self-observation

28

Attributing emotional difficulties to physical complaints

Somatization

29

Compartmentalizing opposite negative and positive feelings of the self or others, resulting in an unbalanced perception of self or others as "all bad" or "all good"

Splitting

30

Gratifying or working off frustrated sexual and aggressive desires in socially acceptable activity. This is considered to be the last primitive defense mechanism

Sublimation

31

Intentionally avoiding thinking about disturbing problems, wishes, feelings, or experiences

Suppression

32

Trying to superficially repair or make up for an action without dealing with the complex effects of that deed, "magical thinking"

Undoing

33

Becoming emotionally uninvolved by pulling back and being passive or apathetic. May result in adapting oneself to a restricted way of living devoid of hope and involvement

Withdrawal / Emotional isolation