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Flashcards in Delkurs 3 Deck (231)
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1

Government

A government has a monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a state. Securing internal and external sovereignty of the state are major tasks of any government.

2

Webers def of sovereignty

Sovereignty: The state possesses the monopoly of the use of physical force. Only then can it impose its rule and realize its claim as the most important community.

22

3

People

A group of people whose common conscious and identity makes them a collective entity

(Persons living together)

20

4

The first three articles of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

Paris 1789

1 Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good

2 The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible right of man. These rights are Liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression

3 The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body or individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation.

5

Internal vs external sovereignty

Internal: within its own territory every state can act as it wishes and is independent of other powers
External: referring to the fact that the state is recognized as a state by other states

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6

Failed state

A country that has lost control of some of its territory and government authority and is unable to fulfill the basic functions of a sovereign state

30

8

Rokkan four phases of nation-state development

State formation
Nation building
Mass democracies
Welfare states
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9

Nation-state

A state based in the acceptance of a common culture, a common history and a common fate, irrespective of whatever political, social and economic difference may exist between the members of the nation-state

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10

Namn four state theories

Constitutional
Ethical and moral
Conflict
Pluralist
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11

When is state force seen as used legitimately according to the people?

When the use of power is in accordance with the norms and values of its citizens
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12

What does constitutional state theories imply?

That a state is established as a contract between citizens and rulers. Defines the major functions and tasks for the state and the rulers.
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13

Territory

Terrain or geographical area

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14

What are the three general patterns for state development?

Transformation - France, Britain
Unification - Germany, Italy
Secession- breakup of Ottoman Empire
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15

Empirical political theories

Theories that try to understand, by examining the evidence, how the political world actually works and why it works that way
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16

What is a state?

A way to organize government.

Individual political entities each of them recognized by others as a state

States are characterized as having: territory, people and sovereignty

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Sovereignty

The highest power that gives the state freedom of action within its own territory

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How can war be seen as a driving force for state building historically?

Partly because when the armies baca me more and more dependent on expensive equipment it became difficult for local lords to fund this and the state was the only organ who could afford it and thus they attained the monopoly on force.
Then wars has been fought between states and shaper we and then and shaped the territory.
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State

the organization that issues and I forces binding rules for the people within a territory.

Territory, people, sovereignty

20

22

Country

An imprecise synonym or short-hand term for state or nation state

20

23

What does ethical and moral state theory approaches imply?

How can we organize the state so people can live in peace and harmony? Minimal state, collectivist, rule of God, anarchy
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24

What did Aristotle think of states?

They are no abstract construct but a variant of human social life. It is also the most important one. It is the most important community because it embraces all the rest. And in order to keep its place as the highest and most encompassing community, a state must be more powerful than any of the communities it incorporates



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Citizen

A legally recognized member or subject of a state (or commonwealth) with all the individual rights and duties of that state

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24

Webers def of a state

Territory, people, sovereignty

The monopoly of force must be legitimate, not just legally.

"A compulsory political organization with continuous operation will be called a "state" insofar as its administrative staff successfully uphold the claim to the Monopoly of the Legitimate use of physical force in the enforcement of its order"

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Normative political theories

Theories about how the world should be
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What does conflict state theory approaches imply?

Stresses the conflict nature of interests and values in society and see the state as necessary to regulate these conflicts.
Marxism. Feminism
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What does pluralist state theory approaches imply?

The state is the main instrument for the regulation of conflicts and reconciliation of competing interests.
They see the state as the peaceful battleground for different groups and interests, not as an arena where the elite oppresses the masses.
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29

How can capitalism be seen as a generator of state building?

Production requires a safe and available infrastructure.
Investment and profit depend on sisal and physical security and stability.
For the laborer it is good to have education and health facilities.
Police, legal system, banking
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30

Twofold assertion when debating formation and development of states

The state concept is bound to western political thought and European history
There is no uniform or general law they governs the appearance of disappearance of states
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31

Power

The ability to make other people do what they not want to do. Power is the ability to apply force

32

Globalisation

The growing interdependencies and interconnected was of the world that reduces autonomy of individual states and the importance of boundaries between them
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