Flashcards in Delkurs 3 Deck (231)
A government has a monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a state. Securing internal and external sovereignty of the state are major tasks of any government.
Webers def of sovereignty
Sovereignty: The state possesses the monopoly of the use of physical force. Only then can it impose its rule and realize its claim as the most important community.
A group of people whose common conscious and identity makes them a collective entity
(Persons living together)
The first three articles of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
1 Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good
2 The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible right of man. These rights are Liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression
3 The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body or individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation.
Internal vs external sovereignty
Internal: within its own territory every state can act as it wishes and is independent of other powers
External: referring to the fact that the state is recognized as a state by other states
A country that has lost control of some of its territory and government authority and is unable to fulfill the basic functions of a sovereign state
Rokkan four phases of nation-state development
A state based in the acceptance of a common culture, a common history and a common fate, irrespective of whatever political, social and economic difference may exist between the members of the nation-state
Namn four state theories
Ethical and moral
When is state force seen as used legitimately according to the people?
When the use of power is in accordance with the norms and values of its citizens
What does constitutional state theories imply?
That a state is established as a contract between citizens and rulers. Defines the major functions and tasks for the state and the rulers.
Terrain or geographical area
What are the three general patterns for state development?
Transformation - France, Britain
Unification - Germany, Italy
Secession- breakup of Ottoman Empire
Empirical political theories
Theories that try to understand, by examining the evidence, how the political world actually works and why it works that way
What is a state?
A way to organize government.
Individual political entities each of them recognized by others as a state
States are characterized as having: territory, people and sovereignty
The highest power that gives the state freedom of action within its own territory
How can war be seen as a driving force for state building historically?
Partly because when the armies baca me more and more dependent on expensive equipment it became difficult for local lords to fund this and the state was the only organ who could afford it and thus they attained the monopoly on force.
Then wars has been fought between states and shaper we and then and shaped the territory.
the organization that issues and I forces binding rules for the people within a territory.
Territory, people, sovereignty
An imprecise synonym or short-hand term for state or nation state
What does ethical and moral state theory approaches imply?
How can we organize the state so people can live in peace and harmony? Minimal state, collectivist, rule of God, anarchy
What did Aristotle think of states?
They are no abstract construct but a variant of human social life. It is also the most important one. It is the most important community because it embraces all the rest. And in order to keep its place as the highest and most encompassing community, a state must be more powerful than any of the communities it incorporates
A legally recognized member or subject of a state (or commonwealth) with all the individual rights and duties of that state
Webers def of a state
Territory, people, sovereignty
The monopoly of force must be legitimate, not just legally.
"A compulsory political organization with continuous operation will be called a "state" insofar as its administrative staff successfully uphold the claim to the Monopoly of the Legitimate use of physical force in the enforcement of its order"
Normative political theories
Theories about how the world should be
What does conflict state theory approaches imply?
Stresses the conflict nature of interests and values in society and see the state as necessary to regulate these conflicts.
What does pluralist state theory approaches imply?
The state is the main instrument for the regulation of conflicts and reconciliation of competing interests.
They see the state as the peaceful battleground for different groups and interests, not as an arena where the elite oppresses the masses.
How can capitalism be seen as a generator of state building?
Production requires a safe and available infrastructure.
Investment and profit depend on sisal and physical security and stability.
For the laborer it is good to have education and health facilities.
Police, legal system, banking
Twofold assertion when debating formation and development of states
The state concept is bound to western political thought and European history
There is no uniform or general law they governs the appearance of disappearance of states
The ability to make other people do what they not want to do. Power is the ability to apply force