Demographics - TYPES OF HOUSEHOLDS Flashcards Preview

AY13 Sociology - Families and Households > Demographics - TYPES OF HOUSEHOLDS > Flashcards

Flashcards in Demographics - TYPES OF HOUSEHOLDS Deck (36)
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1

ELDERLY

What age range is considered to be elderly?

65+

2

ELDERLY

What age range is 'young elderly'?
Describe them.

65 - 80
Likely to be more healthy & lead active, independent lifestyles.

3

ELDERLY

What age range is 'elderly-elderly'?
Describe them

80+
Likely experience chronic illness or disability & dependent on others.

4

ELDERLY
ELDERLY COUPLES HOUSEHOLDS

What percentage of the elderly population live in households with their partner?

56.8%

5

ELDERLY
ELDERLY COUPLE HOUSEHOLDS

What happens when 1 partner falls ill?

The other is likely to become the primary carer.

6

ELDERLY
ELDERLY COUPLE HOUSEHOLDS

How many of the elderly are essentially carers for their spouses?
Who is it most likely to be?

2011 Consensus - 1.3 million
The wife

7

ELDERLY
ELDERLY ONE-PERSON HOUSEHOLDS

What percentage of one-person households are composed of the elderly?

47%

8

ELDERLY
ELDERLY ONE-PERSON HOUSEHOLDS

Of the 47% of one-person households that are composed of the elderly, what percentage is made up of lone women?

68%

9

ELDERLY
ELDERLY ONE-PERSON HOUSEHOLDS

How many widows are there in the UK compared to widowers?

2013 - 1.7 million widows, 3x the number of widowers.

10

ELDERLY
ELDERLY ONE-PERSON HOUSEHOLDS

Which single-person households are most likely to be dependent on support from family members?

Elderly

11

ELDERLY
ELDERLY ONE-PERSON HOUSEHOLDS

Why does Chambers believe family support for single-person households may not be available to elderly people in the future?
(3)

High levels of geographical mobility - elderly relatives are far from extended family members.

Some women choose not to have children - there will be no next generation to support them in old age.

Same sex couples are less likely to have children.

12

ELDERLY
EXTENDED FAMILIES

Why does Wall believe the extended family household is in decline?

Economic pressure - they may not have the resources to pay for private residential care homes.

13

ELDERLY
EXTENDED FAMILIES

How is it evident that the extended family household, with children caring for their aged parents, is experiencing a revival?

Children may feel obliged to take in parents to avoid feelings of isolation & loneliness, as well as eliminating the risks of living alone at old age.

14

ELDERLY
EXTENDED FAMILIES

How did extended family households differ between ethnic groups?

2011 Consensus - 42% of Asian men & 68% of Asian women aged 85+ lived in extended family households, compared to 12% of white men & 19% of white women of the same age.

15

ELDERLY
EXTENDED FAMILIES

Why may feminists be concerned about families caring for elderly parents?

Daughters are more likely to take responsibility for caring for older parents - 2011 Consensus found 58% of elderly carers are women.

Could lead to disproportionate economic finances & female carers being economically dependent on men.

16

ELDERLY - EXTENDED FAMILIES
Interactionists may be concerned about families caring for elderly parents as it may alter quality of familial relationships and/or parent-child relationships.
Expand on this.

Familial - female careers may be emotionally affected, undermining marriages by feeling resentment for giving up a career.

Parent-child - as their health deteriorates, grandchildren may feel relationship change as parent's have to put a grandparent first.

17

ELDERLY
BEANPOLE FAMILIES

According to who, what are beanpole families?

Brannen

A 4 generational family

18

ELDERLY
BEANPOLE FAMILIES

What are beanpole families less likely to experience? Why?

Horizontal intergenerational ties - in the last 20 years, families had less children so children today have less relatives than previously.

19

ELDERLY
BEANPOLE FAMILIES

Who is the 'pivot' generation?

People whose parents are alive but also have grandchildren (40 - 60 years old typically)

20

ELDERLY
BEANPOLE FAMILIES

What is the name given to people whose parents are alive but also have grandchildren (40 - 60 years old typically)?

The 'pivot' generation

21

ELDERLY
BEANPOLE FAMILIES

What is one of the difficulties that the ‘pivot’ generation experiences?

They constantly need to provide for the elderly members of their families as well as the younger members.

22

ELDERLY
BEANPOLE FAMILIES

What percentage of people in their fifties and sixties are responsible for looking after an elderly parent and grandchildren?

10% for both, 20% for just an elderly parent.

23

ELDERLY
GRANDPARENTS

What percentage of the nation’s grandparents look after their grandchildren for an average of 10 hours a week?

How much does this save in childcare costs annually?

47% of the nation’s grandparents over 50 (5.8 million people)

£11 billion

24

ELDERLY
ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF AN AGEING POPULATION

Where does the money for pensions come from?

Taxes of the workforce

25

ELDERLY
ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF AN AGEING POPULATION

What does an ageing population create?

A 'burden of dependency' as there will be more elderly dependents in the future but less workers to care for them.

26

ELDERLY
ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF AN AGEING POPULATION

What government problems will the ageing population create in the future?

A greater tax burden on a shrinking workforce to pay for the pensions of a fast-growing number of future elderly people.

27

ELDERLY

How much of the UK's GDP is spent on providing pensions?

8%

28

ONE-PARENT FAMILIES

Give evidence to show the growing number of one-parent households.

1961 = 2%

2012 = 25%

29

ONE-PARENT FAMILIES

How many single parent families are headed by women?
What year?

9% in 2012

30

ONE-PARENT FAMILIES

Give 3 reasons as to why women might find themselves single parents.

Widowed
Separated
Choice