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AY13 Sociology - Families and Households > Legislation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Legislation Deck (43)
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1

The New Right

THE CHILDREN ACT 19__ stated parents should aim to _____ their own _______.

______ with children in ____ should be helped.

Parents have ______ responsibility, even when they are no longer _____ with them & should be ______ with ____ regarding the child.

a) 1989
b) raise
c) children
c) parents
d) need
f) parental
h) living
i) informed
j) updates

2

The New Right

How would the Children Act of 1989 affect family life?

Parents become more involved, ensuring the child is raised without mental health challenges.

3

Labour

THE EQUAL PAY ACT of 19__ stated there must be equal pay between males & females.

It set out that an individual can ____ equal pay when he/she is employed in the following:
- ____ work
- Work rated as _______
- Work of ____ _____.

a) 1970
b) claim
c) like
e) equivalent
f) equal value

4

Labour

How would the Equal Pay Act of 1970 affect family life?

Mothers can bring in a higher salary, improving financial situations.

5

Labour

THE SEX DISCRIMINATION ACT of 19__ stated an individual can't be _______ against on the _____ based on ___ or ______ status.

a) 1975
b) discriminated
c) workplace
d) sex
e) marital status

6

Labour

How would the Sex Discrimination Act of 1975 affect family life?

Women have more confidence in the workplace, straying away from traditional roles and bringing in an additional salary (New Right - leads to maternal deprivation, thus incorrect socialisation, which develops anti-social behaviour).

7

Labour

THE ABORTION ACT of 19__ legalised abortion for up to __ weeks of pregnancy. It didn't extend to _____________, unless under ______________.

a) 1967
b) 28
c) Northern Ireland
d) certain circumstances

8

Labour

How would the Abortion Act of 1967 affect family life?

It reduced the number of pregnancies nationwide, meaning families can focus on wider things i.e career.

9

Labour

Reforms THE DIVORCE REFORM ACT meant neither ______ had to prove _____ in the other to file for a ______.

a) partner
b) fault
c) divorce

10

Labour

How would the Divorce Reform Act of 1969 affect family life?

People were no longer trapped in marriages and therefore led happier lives.

11

New Labour

THE CIVIL PARTNERSHIP ACT of 20__ meant same-sex couples had the status of ____ _______ which is similar to that of ______ but ______ to couples of the ____ sex.

a) 2004
b) Civil Partnership
c) marriage
d) designated
e) same

12

New Labour

How would the Civil Partnership Act of 2004 affect family life?

Same-sex couples had their relationship legally recognised, legitimising them. It meant families would become more diverse.

13

Labour

When was the decriminalisation of homosexuality?
Who did it apply to?

1967
Men over 21

14

Conservative

When was the contraceptive pill made accessible?

1961

15

Historical

Explain the 1880 Education Act

Education made compulsory for 5-10 year olds.

16

Historical

When was the first Education Act?

1880

17

Historical

Explain the 1918 Fisher Education Act

Education made compulsory for 5-14 year olds.

18

Historical

When was the Fisher Education Act?

1918

19

Historical

The F______ Act 18__ meant children _______ work in ________ under the age of __.

Children aged __ - __ couldn't work more than ____ hours a ____.
Children aged __ - __ couldn't work more than ____ hours a ____.

a) Factory Act 1833
b) cannot
c) factories
d) 9

e) 9-13
f) 9
g) day

h) 13-18
i) 12
j) day

20

Historical

The C_______ C_____ 18__ meant the ____ could now _______ _______ in relations with _______ and _______.

______ could enter a home by _____ if they thought a _____ was in ______.
______ could ______ anyone found _______ a child.

a) The Children's Charter 1889
b) state
c) legally intervene
d) parents and children

e) police
f) force
g) child
h) danger

i) police
j) arrest
k) ill-treating

21

The New Right

The CHILD SUPPORT AGENCY 19__ ensured ______ fathers ____ for the ________ of their children.

This also meant ______ to support _________ families came from _______ parents as opposed to the _____.

a) 1993
b) absent
c) paid
d) upbringing
e) money
f) lone-parent
g) absent
h) state

22

The New Right

What did the New Right (Thatcher's government) try to maintain?

A tax allowance for men whose wives didn't work to encourage traditional family structures.

23

The New Right

How did the New Right (Thatcher's government) attempt to directly attack and deny alternative family structures as opposed to simply promoting the nuclear family?

Section 28 stopped schools from teaching homosexuality as an acceptable pretended family relationship.

24

The New Right - criticisms

What do marxists state about the Child Support Agency 1993?

Although it appeared to encourage parental responsibility, it was about cutting state spending & taxes for the rich.

25

New Labour

List 2 ways there was advances in gay rights under New Labour, 1997-2010 other than the Civil Partnership Act of 2004.

Equal age of consent in 2001

Repeal of section 28 in 2003

26

New Labour - criticisms

How is the New Labour government (1997-2010) criticised?

It had the opportunity to go further but chose not to.
The Civil Partnership Act could've legalised same-sex marriage but there was fear of it being too divisive with strong opposition from religious groups.

27

Coalition

What is the most notable progressive policy under the coalition government?

Same-sex marriage

28

Coalition - criticisms

How is the legalisation of same-sex marriage criticised?

It's illegal for same-sex couples to get married in a Church of England church.

29

Coalition

While same-sex marriage was legalised, Civil Partnerships are also still an option.
How can this be evaluated?

Heterosexual couples can't chose Civil Partnerships - there are some that campaign to do so, seeing them as a useful legal arrangement without the historical/cultural baggage of marriage.

30

Coalition

Regarding the role of parents, what did the coalition introduce?
What did this do?

Shared parental leave

Men and women could take equal parental leave