Marxist Perspective (Nuclear Family) Flashcards Preview

AY13 Sociology - Families and Households > Marxist Perspective (Nuclear Family) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Marxist Perspective (Nuclear Family) Deck (9)
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What is the family, as an institution, a part of?

The superstructure, which is enforced to keep the proletariat in their place & cooperative.


When did Engels (1884) claim the monogamous nuclear family became popular and why?

What does monogamy confer?

After the industrial revolution as bourgeoisie encouraged it to protect property & wealth.

Legitimacy on children so bourgeoisie can ensure fortunes are inherited by direct descendants.


What did Zaretsky (1976) argue family life gave proletarian men?

How did this help capitalism?

Something they could control and be the 'boss'.

Workers would tolerate powerlessness & being exploited at work because they could release frustration at home.


What are working-class fathers less likely to do?

Take strike action as they feel their main responsibility is to their wives & children, not to fellow workers.


Z_____ (19__) argues that the nuclear family is an ______ component of ______ because it contributes to it through ______.

a) Zaretsky (1976)
b) essential
c) capitalism
d) consumerism


ZARETSKY (1976) said that the nuclear family contributes to capitalism through consumerism.

Give an example of how this occurs.

Summer holidays, TVs, cars etc


CRITICISMS of the Marxist perspective:

- Assumes ________ parents teach their children _________ of capitalism's _______ - some parents raise their children to ______ the _____ system.

- Marxists deny the _______ don't find genuine _______ in their families and it does provide ________ bonds that people find ________.

a) working-class
b) acceptance
c) injustices
d) protest
e) class

f) proletariat
g) pleasure
h) positive
i) rewarding


What did Zaretsky (1976) argue about proletariat socialisation?

Children are socialised to respect authority, creating the perfect worker & benefitting the bourgeoisie.


Criticisms - how is it argued Zarketsy's perspective is outdated?

Assumes the worker is male & the only worker in the family.