Key Terms Flashcards Preview

AY13 Sociology - Families and Households > Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Key Terms Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

Primary socialisation

The process by which parents and other significant family members teach children to behave in a way that society expects and accepts.

2

Secondary socialisation

Socialised outside the family, eg schools.

3

Ethnocentricity

When the dominant culture of a society imposes their values and beliefs on other social groups.

4

Agent of Socialisation

Something/an institution that socialises people.

5

Geographical mobility

The physical movement of people and families around the country, usually in search of work.

6

Relative isolation

Less frequent physical contact with extended kin - behaviour is less likely to be influenced or shaped by other kin.

7

Urbanisation

The movement of people who had previously lived in the countryside to the towns and cities, often in search of factory work.

8

Consumption

The spending of money on goods and services.
The family functions as a major unit of economic consumption, buying a family car, kitchen appliances etc

9

Symmetrical

Young and Wilmott, 1970s = the symmetrical family had become the norm in Britain, with both equality of economic responsibility, childcare and domestic tasks.
A patriarchal family could be described as asymmetrical.

10

Alienation

Marxists believe workers experience alienation due to lack of control, purpose & satisfaction experienced in their jobs.

11

Reproductive technology

The scientific developments that help men and women with fertility problems have children e.g IVF

12

Matrifocal families

When women are the head of the family.
Fathers may or may not be present, but they occupy a secondary role to the mother.
Matrifocal families are thought to be more common in African Caribbean communities.

13

The Service Sector

Jobs that deal with providing services i.e nursing, teaching etc.

14

Genderquake

A term coined by Helen Wilkinson to describe the dramatic cultural change in women's attitudes, causing them to have a radically different attitude towards women's responsibilities.

15

Reproductive rights

The rights that women have over their bodies. These include the right to contraception and the right to abortion.

16

Maternal deprivation

John Bowlby - argues the bond between a mother and a newly-born child can't be broken, it leads to a child experiencing maternal deprivation, causing them to experience psychological problems which might have consequences later on in life.

17

Underclass

A social group that is (supposedly) workshy and dependant on welfare benefits, which acts as a disincentive to search for a job.
This underclass socialises its children into deviant social values and behaviours.

18

Familial ideology

A set of ideas promoting the heterosexual nuclear family as the ideal family, in which the father is the head of the household and the mother focuses on nurturing and caretaking.

19

Dependency ratio

The relationship between working (non-dependent) and non-working (dependent) parts of the population.

20

General marriage rate

Marriages per 1000 men/women over the age of 16 per given year.

21

Secularisation

Society becoming less religious

22

Monogamy

One partner at a time

23

Serial monogamy

Marriage, divorce, re-marriage

24

Polygamy

Marriage to more than one person at a time (there's two types)

25

Polygyny

A type of polygamy - a religion or culture allows a man to have multiple wives.

26

Polyandry

A type of polygamy - when a culture allows a woman to have multiple husbands

27

Conjugal roles

Separation of a couples household roles based on gender.

28

Domestic division of labour

The way that domestic work is divided out between partners.

29

Egalitarian marriage

A marriage where power is equally distributed.

30

Malestream sociology

Sociology has been male dominated meaning there is little sociological research on issues that affect women.