Functionalist Perspective (Nuclear Family) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Functionalist Perspective (Nuclear Family) Deck (19)
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How did Murdock (1949) define the nuclear family?

What enabled him to reach this conclusion?

A man and a woman and at least 1 child, own or adopted.

He compared 250+ societies from around the world.


What are the four functions of the nuclear family, according to MURDOCK (1949)?

- Reproduction
- Sex
- Education
- Economic


REPRODUCTION is a function of the nuclear family, according to Murdock (1949):
Society ____ new _______ to _______.

People generally have _______ when ______, symbolising their ________ commitment & ________ their love.

a) new
b) members
c) survive

d) children
e) married
f) emotional
g) stabilising


SEX is a function of the nuclear family, according to Murdock (1949):
Sex in ________ contributes to _________ & _______.

Satisfies ___________.

______ a couple, encouraging __________ & __________ to ______ life.

a) marriage
b) social order & stability
c) sexual needs
d) bonds
e) faithfulness
f) commitment
g) family


EDUCATION is a function of the nuclear family, according to Murdock (1949):
Provides _____________.

Parents must _____ their children ________ & ______.

If not, there is no ________ or _________.

a) primary socialisation

b) teach
c) traditions & values

d) social life or social order


ECONOMY is a function of the nuclear family, according to Murdock (1949):
Parents must ________ for their _______, so they become ______________.

a) provide
b) children
c) productive workers


CRITICISMS of Murdoch (1949):

- ________ & _________ definitions and claims that there are '____' and '_____' ways to _______ families.

- ____ before/outside of ________ is now the _____ due to a relaxation in ______ and ______ attitudes.

- There are concerns that the family does not _______ children as ________ as it did in the _____ due to time spent on ___/_________ etc.

a) outdated and ethnocentric
b) 'right' and 'wrong'
c) organise
d) sex
e) marriage
f) norm
g) social and religious
h) socialise
i) effectively
j) past
k) tv/social media


PARSONS (19__) said the pre-industrial family consisted of:

1. _______ families living and ______ on the same ____ of land for the ____ family to _____.
2. The family giving the _____ and ______ to take on the _____ of their _____ when they ____ up.
3. Everyone _____ for one another.

a) 1951
b) extended
c) working
d) plot
f) whole
g) survive
h) skills and education
i) role
j) parents
k) grow
l) caring


PARSONS (19__) said the effects of Industrialisation on the family was:

1. Factories were built in ______areas, requiring ____ to be _______ ______.
2. The ______ family moved to take advantage of ________ opportunities, leaving their ______ families.
3. _____ started relying on ______ and the ____ to provide _______ i.e ______/______.

a) 1951
b) urban
c) families
d) geographically mobile
e) nuclear
f) wage-labour
g) extended
h) Adults
i) businesses
j) state
k) services
l) education/food


What did PARSONS (1951) say the two functions of the nuclear family were?

a) Primary socialisation of children

b) Stabilisation of adult personality.


Primary socialisation of children is a function of the nuclear family, according to PARSONS (19__) as

1. He claimed nuclear families are '_______ ______', capable of ______ any child into a ______ citizen
2. He believed _______ are '____, not ____' (any child can turn out ____ if they are ______ ____)

a) 1951
b) 'Personality Factories'
c) molding
d) responsible
e) personalities
f) made
g) born
h) well
i) socialised well


Stabilisation of adult personality is a function of the nuclear family, according to PARSONS (19__) as

1. The nuclear family acts as a '____ ____'; it _____ and ______ adults after a stressful ______. Parsons believed _____ was crucial to this.
2. S_____ and K____ (20__) noted the home was a place where you could '__________'.
3. It gives ___ and ______ clear _____ in the nuclear family i.e Husband = responsible for ______ welfare and _____.
Wife = responsible for ______ care and the ______ of ______.

a) 1951
b) 'warm bath'
c) soothes and relaxes
d) workday
e) marriage
f) Steel and Kidd (2001)
g) 'let yourself go'
h) men and women
i) roles
j) economic
k) protection
l) emotional
m) socialisation of children


CRITICISMS of Parsons:

- He ______ the ______ family and fails to recognise ______ family types due to global _______ etc.

- __________ say children are only made up of their parents' ______ and _____.

- _________ ignores the ______ sides of family life.

a) prioritises
b) nuclear
c) diverse
d) migration
e) Interactionists
f) values and ideas
g) Functionalism
h) darker


What are some statistics to support the criticism that Functionalism/PARSONS (1951) ignore the darker sides of family life?

DOMESTIC ABUSE - 2 women a week killed by a current/former partner in England and Wales.

CHILD NEGLECT - 42% of child homicides are perpetrated by a parent/step-parent.


Y______ and W_______ (19__) suggested ______ families only went into ______ in the 19__s when:

1. ______ _____ clearance led to ______ class families being ________ in ____ towns and on _____ ______.
2. The ______ state and ____ employment in the 19__s reduced the ____ for _______ families to provide _____ support for one another.

a) Young and Willmott (1957)
b) extended
c) decline
d) 1960s
e) Extensive slum
f) working
g) rehoused
h) new
i) council estates
j) Welfare
k) full
l) 1950s
m) need
n) extended
o) economic


In 19__, Y______ and W______ interviewed _____ people across ______. Their research stated the _________ family was the ____ across _____ and _____ classes.

The Symmetrical family consisted of:
- ___ parents and _____.
- It is '_______' - had ______ contact with _____ family.
- Often ____-_____ and _______.

a) 1975
b) Young and Willmott
c) 2,500
d) London
e) symmetrical
f) norm
g) working and middle
h) two
i) children
j) 'privatised'
k) infrequent
l) extended
m) dual-career
n) egalitarian


Criticisms - how do feminists and marxists criticise the functionalist perspective?

Too idealistic - many have negative experiences of family.


Criticisms - ______ theorists question if the ______ family benefits the whole of _______ or just _________ _____ within it.

a) conflict
b) nuclear
c) society
d) powerful groups


Criticisms - how do feminists provide a different perspective to Parsons' warm bath theory?

Ansley - women in the family are 'takers of shit' where men relieve their stress by unloading it on women.