Flashcards in Functionalist Perspective (Nuclear Family) Deck (19)
How did Murdock (1949) define the nuclear family?
What enabled him to reach this conclusion?
A man and a woman and at least 1 child, own or adopted.
He compared 250+ societies from around the world.
What are the four functions of the nuclear family, according to MURDOCK (1949)?
REPRODUCTION is a function of the nuclear family, according to Murdock (1949):
Society ____ new _______ to _______.
People generally have _______ when ______, symbolising their ________ commitment & ________ their love.
SEX is a function of the nuclear family, according to Murdock (1949):
Sex in ________ contributes to _________ & _______.
______ a couple, encouraging __________ & __________ to ______ life.
b) social order & stability
c) sexual needs
EDUCATION is a function of the nuclear family, according to Murdock (1949):
Parents must _____ their children ________ & ______.
If not, there is no ________ or _________.
a) primary socialisation
c) traditions & values
d) social life or social order
ECONOMY is a function of the nuclear family, according to Murdock (1949):
Parents must ________ for their _______, so they become ______________.
c) productive workers
CRITICISMS of Murdoch (1949):
- ________ & _________ definitions and claims that there are '____' and '_____' ways to _______ families.
- ____ before/outside of ________ is now the _____ due to a relaxation in ______ and ______ attitudes.
- There are concerns that the family does not _______ children as ________ as it did in the _____ due to time spent on ___/_________ etc.
a) outdated and ethnocentric
b) 'right' and 'wrong'
g) social and religious
k) tv/social media
PARSONS (19__) said the pre-industrial family consisted of:
1. _______ families living and ______ on the same ____ of land for the ____ family to _____.
2. The family giving the _____ and ______ to take on the _____ of their _____ when they ____ up.
3. Everyone _____ for one another.
h) skills and education
PARSONS (19__) said the effects of Industrialisation on the family was:
1. Factories were built in ______areas, requiring ____ to be _______ ______.
2. The ______ family moved to take advantage of ________ opportunities, leaving their ______ families.
3. _____ started relying on ______ and the ____ to provide _______ i.e ______/______.
d) geographically mobile
What did PARSONS (1951) say the two functions of the nuclear family were?
a) Primary socialisation of children
b) Stabilisation of adult personality.
Primary socialisation of children is a function of the nuclear family, according to PARSONS (19__) as
1. He claimed nuclear families are '_______ ______', capable of ______ any child into a ______ citizen
2. He believed _______ are '____, not ____' (any child can turn out ____ if they are ______ ____)
b) 'Personality Factories'
i) socialised well
Stabilisation of adult personality is a function of the nuclear family, according to PARSONS (19__) as
1. The nuclear family acts as a '____ ____'; it _____ and ______ adults after a stressful ______. Parsons believed _____ was crucial to this.
2. S_____ and K____ (20__) noted the home was a place where you could '__________'.
3. It gives ___ and ______ clear _____ in the nuclear family i.e Husband = responsible for ______ welfare and _____.
Wife = responsible for ______ care and the ______ of ______.
b) 'warm bath'
c) soothes and relaxes
f) Steel and Kidd (2001)
g) 'let yourself go'
h) men and women
m) socialisation of children
CRITICISMS of Parsons:
- He ______ the ______ family and fails to recognise ______ family types due to global _______ etc.
- __________ say children are only made up of their parents' ______ and _____.
- _________ ignores the ______ sides of family life.
f) values and ideas
What are some statistics to support the criticism that Functionalism/PARSONS (1951) ignore the darker sides of family life?
DOMESTIC ABUSE - 2 women a week killed by a current/former partner in England and Wales.
CHILD NEGLECT - 42% of child homicides are perpetrated by a parent/step-parent.
Y______ and W_______ (19__) suggested ______ families only went into ______ in the 19__s when:
1. ______ _____ clearance led to ______ class families being ________ in ____ towns and on _____ ______.
2. The ______ state and ____ employment in the 19__s reduced the ____ for _______ families to provide _____ support for one another.
a) Young and Willmott (1957)
e) Extensive slum
i) council estates
In 19__, Y______ and W______ interviewed _____ people across ______. Their research stated the _________ family was the ____ across _____ and _____ classes.
The Symmetrical family consisted of:
- ___ parents and _____.
- It is '_______' - had ______ contact with _____ family.
- Often ____-_____ and _______.
b) Young and Willmott
g) working and middle
Criticisms - how do feminists and marxists criticise the functionalist perspective?
Too idealistic - many have negative experiences of family.
Criticisms - ______ theorists question if the ______ family benefits the whole of _______ or just _________ _____ within it.
d) powerful groups