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Horse Quiz Bowl > Dental > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dental Deck (40):
1

How do you determine the age of a horse?

Inspect its teeth

2

What is the most important aspect of caring for older horses?

Good Dental Care

3

Name three anatomic structures of the horse's tooth.

Cup, cement, central enamel ring, pulp cavity, dental star, enamel, ivory

4

What are occlusal surfaces?

Biting surfaces

5

Specifically, where can Galvayne's groove be found?

At the gum margin of the upper corner incisor

6

What is the name for the small rudimentary teeth in front of the first cheek tooth?

Woof Teeth

7

What are wolf teeth classified as?

Premolars

8

Are wolf teeth on the bottom jaw rare?

Yes

9

What are the front teeth used for age determination called?

Incisors

10

When do the baby incisors erupt?

First week

11

How many incisors does a mature horse have?

Twelve

12

What is a general term for when the horse's incisors are improperly positioned?

Malaligned

13

At what age do the permanent central, intermediate, and corner incisors erupt?

Central 2-1/2 years, intermediate 3-1/2 years, corner 4-1/2 years

14

What is the "angle of incidence"?

The angle formed where the top and bottom incisor teeth meet

15

What is the angle of incidence in young horses and older horses?

160-180 degrees in young horses and less than 90 degrees in older horses

16

Three pre-molars and three molars make up what teeth of a horse?

Cheek

17

Which is more common- retention of the first three large cheek teeth or the deciduous incisors?

Retention of cheek teeth is more common

18

Generally horses have how many cheek teeth on each side?

Six on each side

19

A deciduous tooth is what type of tooth?

A baby tooth, one that is temporary and will be shed, also called a milk tooth

20

How many permanent teeth do mares commonly have?

Thirty-six

21

At what age do the first permanent teeth appear in the horse?

9-12 months

22

What is the tissue that anchors the tooth to the surrounding bone called?

Periodontium

23

What is "periodontal disease"?

Inflammation of the periodontium

24

What are the benefits of shortening and blunting canine teeth in middle-aged and older male horses?

1) Easier insertion and removal of bits 2) Less chance of injury to the horse from catching the canines on stationary objects 3) Less injury inflicted during fights 4) Reduced risk of injury to the hand and arm of those performing dental palpation

25

What is the goal of root canal therapy?

To restore a tooth with diseased pulp to functional status

26

What is quidding?

Dropping partially chewed feed from the mouth

27

What naturally causes the shape of a horse's teeth to change?

Age and wear

28

What term describes a horse whose middle incisors of the upper jaw are so far foward that they do not contact the incisor of the lower jaw?

Parrot mouth

29

Drilling a cup in an incisor or staining of the teeth is termed bishoping and is done for what reason?

Age estimation of the horse by its teeth results in a younger estimation

30

What are the four majors ways to estimate the age of horses by the appearance of their teeth?

1) Occurrence of permanent teeth 2)Disappearance of cups 3) Angle of incidence 4) Shape of the surface of the permanent teeth

31

This procedure is necessary to file off sharp edges or points on the horse's molars.

Floating the teeth

32

How many cheek teeth does an adult horse have?

24

33

What is an apicoectomy?

Removal of the diseased roots of a tooth that has not been totally destroyed by infection

34

What are molars?

The last three cheek teeth

35

What are five things dental abnormalities can cause?

Slobbering, head tilt, bad odor from the mouth, difficulty chewing, head-tossing, bit chewing, tongue lolling, tail wiring, and bucking

36

What are the names of the two sets of teeth?

Temporary and permanent

37

A young horse has how many temporary teeth?

24

38

The teeth appear as what when a horse is young?

Broad and flat

39

To examine a horses teeth what do you need to do?

Approach the horse from the near side and gently part his lips with your thumb and forefinger

40

True or False? Sometimes teeth are not visible on a newborn foal.

True