Training Flashcards Preview

Horse Quiz Bowl > Training > Flashcards

Flashcards in Training Deck (32):
1

Define exercise

Includes the conversion of chemical energy to mechanical energy

2

What is the study of the horse's body in response to exercise?

Exercise physiology

3

What is included in exercise physiology?

Studying skeletal muscle, the blood and its circulation, the cardiovascular system and the respiratory system

4

What is aerobic work defined as?

Exercise of low intensity at a heart rate below 150 beats per minute during which glucose and fatty acids are the primary fuels

5

What are examples of aerobic work for horses?

Walking, trotting, and slow cantering

6

OBLA is indicative of endurance or aerobic fitness. What does OBLA stand for?

Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation

7

What is anaerobic work?

Exercise of high intensity at a heart rate over 150 beats per minute during which glycogen, ATP, and creatine phosphate are the primary fuel sources

8

What are examples of anaerobic work?

Short sprints or a long, fast gallop

9

What is the psychological term analogous to training?

Shaping

10

What is another name for training?

Shaping

11

Name three types of negative stimuli?

Punishment, Escape, Avoidance

12

What are the three environmental influences that are fundamental to the psychology of training?

Stimuli, response, reinforcement

13

What kind of reinforcement do we use when we use punishment to train a horse?

Negative reinforcement

14

What are the three parts of a training program?

Initial stage, developmental stage, and maintenance stage

15

What are horsemen referring to when they use the principle of extinction?

It is when they advise to ignore certain acts of the horse so the horse will forget and quit doing them

16

What type of exercise should a conditioning program start with?

Low speed, long distance exercises

17

What type of training can be compared to ballet training because it progressively develops the horse's musculature and coordination?

Dressage

18

Name three elements that you will see in a reining patern

Small slow circles, large fast circles, flying lead changes, roll back over the hocks, 360 degree spins done in place, sliding stop

19

Which gait has been termed the "mother of all gaits?"

The walk

20

This practice has become popular for conditioning horse, particularly those with leg problems. The exercise increases stamina, wind and muscle tone while preventing trauma to the feet and legs.

Swimming

21

What do you call an acquired habit that is annoying or may interfere with the horse's usefulness?

Vice

22

How many beats are in the running walk?

Four

23

A horse that is loping in a clockwise circle is on which lead?

Right

24

In pleasure Trail Obstacles classes list the things that would define a rider as "off course"

1)taking an obstacle in the wrong direction 2)Negotiating an obstacle from the wrong side 3)Skipping an obstacle unless directed by judges 4)Negotiating obstacles in wrong sequence 5) Not following the correct line of travel

25

What is the minimum size for a training arena?

60by100ft

26

What are the five walk gaits in a dressage test?

Working walk, collected walk, medium walk, extended walk, and free walk

27

What is a mechanical device that leads horses in a circle at a slow walk in order to cool them after training?

Hot Walker

28

What are four types of aggressive behavior in horses?

Lunging, crowding, biting, kicking, rearing, or strucking

29

A horse that resists being ridden away from the barn is considered to be what?

Barn sour

30

What is the term for a horse that is wild or existing in a natural, non-domesticated state?

Feral

31

When used in regards to horses, this term indicated dominance hierarchy or order of dominance.

Pecking order

32

What type of horse should a novice rider choose?

An older, well-trained animal that is experienced in many types of situations