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Pathophysiology 2 > Dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dermatology Deck (10)
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1

Etiology of psoriasis is __________. Triggers are thought to include __________

likely auto-immune and/or genetics

bacterial/viral infection, dry skin, injury of skin, drugs, stress, UV radiation

2

Pathogenesis of psoriasis is __________. Presentations include __________

abnormal maturation and recycling of keratinocytes

scaling rashes, guttae, plaques, pustules, petechial bleeding spots, thickened nails, yellowing and/or pitting nails

3

The most common skin cancer is ________. It most often occurs on skin that is ____________

Basal cell carcinoma

regularly exposed to sunlight / UV radiation

4

The second most common skin cancer is ________. It ist most common after _____ years of age,, however any age may be affected.

squamous cell carcinoma

40

5

The most aggressive skin cancer is ________. It can rapidly metastasize to __________ before spreading to other organs and tissues

melanoma

eye, liver, brain

6

The ABCDE system of skin malignancy surveillance is _________

Asymmetry
Border (irregular)
Color (abnormal)
Diameter (>5-6 mm)
Extension

7

Describe first degree burns.

Affecting epidermis only. Red, painful, swollen skin

8

Describe second degree burns.

Affecting epidermis and dermis. Present as painful, red, swollen, and with blisters

9

Describe third degree burns.

Affecting deeper layers, may be non-painful, white or charred, and perceived as numb areas

10

Based on the Rule of 9 for BSA estimation, list the % of total BSA for each are listed:
head, arm, leg, chest/abdomen, back

9%

9%

18%

18%

18%