Dermatology Pearls 👹 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dermatology Pearls 👹 Deck (104):
1

Layers of the skin which contains MELANOCYTES and KERATINOCYTES

Epidermis

2

Layers of the skin contains COLLAGEN and ELASTIN

Dermis

3

Responsible for toughness of the skin

Collagen

4

Layer of the skin contains Subcutaneous tissue, mainly fat padding

Hypodermis

5

Layer of the skin contains blood supply

Hypodermis

6

Circumscribed color change WITHOUT elevation or depression

Macule / Patch

7

Superficial, elevated, palpable lesion

Papule

8

Large, flat-topped elevated palpable lesion of >0.5cm

Plaque

9

Like papule but containing fluid

Vesicles

10

Like vesicle, only with PURULENT exudate as fluid

Pustule

11

Palpable, solid, deeper than papule, large papule >0.5cm

Nodule

12

Pale, red, palpable, superficial lesion, EVANESCENT, disappearing in 1-2 days

Wheal

13

Depressed lesion with loss of surface epithelium

Ulcer

14

A mixture of SCALE and SERUM -- yellowish accretions on the surface of a lesion

Crust

15

Non-raised red brown, non-blanchable lesion

Petechiae

16

Outer, waterproof, protective layer of the skin

Epidermis

17

Cause of extreme nocturnal itching

Scabies

18

Scabies cause by mites

Sarcoptes scabei

19

DOC of Scabies

Permethrin 5%

20

Caused by Strep pyogenes and Staph aureus or both

Impetigo Contagiosa

21

Mild itching and soreness followed by eruption of small vesicles and PUSTULES THAT RUPTURE AND CRUST

Impetigo Contagiosa

22

Generally develops in body folds that subject to friction

Impetigo Contagiosa

23

Rash appears as small, dome shaped yellow pustules with a hair shaft in the center

Folliculitis

24

Boils

Furunculosis

25

Infection of the hair follicle that results in pustule formation

Furunculosis

26

Large deep abscess that is a progression of a furuncle

Carbuncle

27

Maybe 3-10cm in size

Carbuncle

28

St. Anthony's Fire

Erysipelas

29

Involves superficial DERMAL lymphatics

Erysipelas

30

Suppurative inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue

Cellulitis

31

History of 1-2 days of injury that result of redness, swelling, warmth and tenderness

Cellulitis

32

Tx of MRSA

Vancomycin

33

Apocrine gland obstruction

Hidradenitis Suppurativa

34

Desquamation of keratinocytes within the hair follicle + sebaceous gland

Acne Vulgaris

35

hair follicle + sebaceous gland

Pilosebaceous unit

36

Acne form disorder of middle-aged and older adults

Acne Rosacea

37

Earliest stage of Rosacea

Facial erythema
Telangiectasia

38

Eczema + Thrombocytopenia

Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome

39

Itch that rash

Eczema

40

Most common skin disease in infantile

Atopic Dermatitis

41

PRURITUS is the hallmark of the disease

Atopic Dermatitis

42

Tx of Atopic Dermatitis

Tacrolimus

43

Calcineurin inhibitor

Tacrolimus

44

Type of hypersensitivity is Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Type 4 Hypersensitivity

45

Symptoms of Stinging -> Itching

Irritant Contact Dermatitis

46

Symptoms of Itching -> Pain

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

47

Yellowish white scaly condition

Psoriasis

48

Tx of Psoriasis

Methotrexate

49

SYMMETRICAL distribution plaques involves the scalp, extensor elbow, knees and back

Plaque Psoriasis

50

ABRUPT appearance of multiple small psoriatic lesions

Guttate Psoriasis

51

Most SEVERE form of psoriasis

Pustular Psoriasis

52

Tx of Pustular Psoriasis

Methotrexate + Corticosteroids

53

Refers to a presentation involving INTERTRIGINOUS areas

Inverse Psoriasis

54

Unilateral enlargement of the sternoclavicular portion of the clavicle

Higoumenaki's Sign

55

Multiple PAINFUL ulcers with punched out borders

Chancroid

56

Organism responsible of PAINFUL ULCERS

Haemophilus ducrei

57

Primary infection results in Varicella infection

Chickenpox

58

Vesicular lesion

Varicella

59

Rodent Ulcer

Basal Cell Carcinoma

60

Pearly Papules

Basal Cell Carcinoma

61

Locally invasive only

Basal Cell Carcinoma

62

Keratin Pearls

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

63

May metastasis

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

64

Poorly defined edge

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

65

Strongest risk factor of Melanoma

Family History

66

Most common type of melanoma

Superficial Spread

67

Precursor lesion

Dysplastic lesion

68

Satellite Lesions

Melanoma

69

Premalignant lesions that develop only on sun-damaged skin

Actinic Keratosis

70

Loss of Melancytes

Vitiligo

71

Clear edges

Vitiligo

72

2 Classification used for prognosis of melanoma

Breslow
Clark

73

Spaghetti and Meatballs

Pityriasis Versicolor

74

Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome

Kawasaki Disease

75

Rubeola

Measles

76

Absence of melanin pigment in melanocytes

Albinism

77

Lack or defect in Tyrosine

Albinism

78

Macules in LIGHTLY-pigmented individuals

Freckles

79

Increase pigment in BASAL KERATINOCYTES

Freckles

80

Mask of Pregnancy

Melasma

81

Mask like zone of facial hyper-pigmentation due to enhanced pigment transfer to basal keratinocytes or dermal macrophages

Melasma

82

Cause splitting of the skin the basal layer

Exfoliatin

83

Severe form of SSSS

Reiter's Syndrome

84

Erythema Multiforme with Mucous Membrane

Steven-Johnson Syndrome

85

Sulfonamides
Anticonvulsants
Allopurinol

Steven-Johnson Syndrome

86

Most common cause of mortality in SJS

Sepsis

87

Heliotropes rash

Dermatomyositis

88

Ash Leaf

Tuberous Sclerosis

89

Adenoma Sebaceum

Tuberous Sclerosis

90

Portwine Stain

Sturge Weber Syndrome

91

Long arm of chromosome 17

Von Recklinghausen

92

Iris Lesion

Erythema Multiforme

93

Malignant Pustules

Cutaneous Anthrax

94

Black Eschar

Cutaneous Anthrax

95

Vibrio Infection + Cellulitis

Vibrio vulnificus

96

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Tick

Dermacentor Tick

97

Lyme Disease Tick

Ixodes Tick

98

Lesion of Lyme Disease

Erythema Chronicum Migrans
( Bulls Eye / Target Lesion)

99

Lyme Disease organism

Borrelia burgdoferi

100

Rose Spots

Typhoid Fever

101

A normal mottling of the skin caused by vascular exposed to COLD

Cutis Marmorata

102

Cutis Marmorata

Harlequin Rash

103

Purpuric Eczema

Langerhan's Histiocytes

104

Birebeck Granules

Langerhan's Histiocytes