I ❤️ Leech II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in I ❤️ Leech II Deck (178):
1

Fish Tapeworm

Diphyllobothrium latum

2

Operculum eggs

Diphyllobothrium latum

3

Copepods + Fish = Intermediate Host

Diphyllobothrium latum

4

Megaloblastic anemia

Diphyllobothrium latum
Fasciolopsis buski

5

Tx Diphyllobothrium latum

Praziquantel

6

Dog tapewrom

Echinococcus granulosus

7

Unilocular Hydatid Cyst

Echinococcus granulosus

8

Water Lily Sign

Hydatid/Spleenic cyst
(E. Granulosus)

9

Diagnosis for Echinococcus granulosus

Casoni Skin Test

10

DOC Echinococcus granulosus

Albendazole

11

Beef tapeworm

Taenia saginata

12

Cysticerci

Taenia saginata

13

Tx Taenia saginata

Praziquantel

14

Rravid uterus forms a ROSETTE appearance

Diphyllobothrium latum

15

Pork tapeworm

Taenia solium

16

Rostellar Hooks

Taenia solium

17

Neurocysticercosis

Taenia solium

18

Worm in vitreous humor of the eye

Taenia solium

19

Most common cause of parasitic infection worldwide

Neurocysticercosis
(Taenia solium)

20

Calcification of the Brain:

TB
Schistosomiasis
Neurocysticercosis
Toxoplasmosis

21

DOC Taenia solium?
Alt drug?

Praziquantel
Albendazole

22

Dwarf tapeworm

Hymenolepsis nana

23

Most common tapeworm infection

Hymenolepsis nana

24

Rat tapeworm

Hymenolepsis diminuta

25

DOC Hymenolepsis nana

Niclosamide
Quinacrine

26

Giant Intestinal Fluke

Fasciolopsis buski

27

Hen's egg shaped (ellipsoidal and round at both ends)

Fasciolopsis buski

28

Bamboo shoots

Fasciolopsis buski

29

Water chestnuts

Fasciolopsis buski

30

Garrison's Fluke

Echinostoma ilocanum

31

Collarette of Spines

Echinostoma ilocanum

32

Intermediate Host of Echinostoma ilocanum

Pila luzonica

33

Small elongate, PYRIFORM-shape, broadly rounded posteriorly and pointed anterior end

Metagonimus yokogawai

34

Intestinal Fluke

Heterophytes heterophytes

35

Leading to CARDIAC FAILURE and CARDIAC BERIBERI

Heterophytes heterophytes

36

Sheep Liver Fluke

Fasciola hepatica

37

Cephalic pole

Fasciola hepatica

38

Watercress

Fasciola hepatica

39

Obstructive jaundice and painful pharyngitis

Halzoun

40

Halzoun

Fasciola hepatica

41

Tx for Fasciola hepatica

Bithionol

42

Chinese/Asian Liver Fluke

Clonorchis sinensis

43

Cholangiocarcinoma

Clonorchis sinensis

44

Tumor of the bifurcation of the hepatic ducts

Klatskin tumor

45

Klatskin Tumor

Clonorchis sinensis

46

Lung fluke

Paragonimus westermani

47

Egg-shaped reddish-brown color

Paragonimus westermani

48

Mimic Pulmonary TB

Paragonimus westermani

49

Pulmonary distomiasis

Paragonimus westermani

50

Eating raw and undercooked crab meat

Paragonimus westermani

51

Xray: ring shadow opacity

Paragonimus westermani

52

Large terminal spine

S. mansoni

53

Very small lateral spine

S. japonicum

54

S. haematobium

Terminal spine

55

Cerebral schistosomiasis

Jacksonian seizure

56

Oriental Blood Fluke

Schistosoma japonicum

57

Katayama reaction

Schistosoma japonicum

58

Adult habitat of Schistosoma japonicum

Superior mesenteric vein

59

Circum Oval Precipitin Test

Schistosoma japonicum

60

Swimmers Itch

S. mekongi
Schistosoma japonicum

61

Urinary bladder CA and SCC

Schistosoma hematobium

62

Granulomata formation

Schistosoma hematobium
Schistosoma mansoni

63

Adult habitat of Schistosoma mansoni

INFERIOR mesenteric veins

64

Claypipe-stem fibrosis
Portal HPN
Esophageal varices

Schistosoma mansoni

65

Old World Hookworm
(+) teeth

Ancylostoma duodenale

66

New World Hookworm
(+) cutting plates

Necator americanus

67

Occurs at the site of entry of the larvae of the skin by formation of pruritic papule

Ground itch

68

Giant Worm

Ascaris lumbricoides

69

Most common parasite in the Philippines

Ascaris lumbricoides

70

Largest of the intestinal nematode

Ascaris lumbricoides

71

Scariest worm that cause intestinal obstruction

Ascaris lumbricoides

72

Eosinophilia pneumonia that has TAM TRACK appearance on xray

Ascaris lumbricoides

73

Heart-Lung migration

Loffler's Syndrome

74

Kato-Katz Technique

Ascaris lumbricoides

75

Pinworm

Enterobius vermicularis

76

Seatworm

Enterobius vermicularis

77

Threadworm

Enterobius vermicularis

78

Most common helminths in the US

Enterobius vermicularis

79

Most prominent symptoms of Enterobius vermicularis

Perianal pruritus
Noctural pruritus ani

80

D-shaped eggs

Enterobius vermicularis

81

Appendicitis in Enterobius vermicularis

Oxyuriasis

82

Dx of Enterobius vermicularis

Scotch tape technique
Graham cellophane method

83

Butt itch

Enterobius vermicularis

84

Dwarf threadworm

Strongyloides stercoralis

85

Harada-Mori culture technique

Strongyloides stercoralis

86

Muscle biopsy

Trichinella spiralis

87

Encysted larvae in muscle with poor gylcogen

Trichinella spiralis

88

Bentonite Flocculation Test

Trichinella spiralis

89

Backman Intradermal Test

Trichinella spiralis

90

Whipeworm

Trichuris trichiura

91

Japanese Lantern

Trichuris trichiura

92

Football shape

Trichuris trichiura

93

Rectal prolapse

Trichuris trichiura

94

Bipolor Mucus Plug

Trichuris trichiura

95

Pointed tail contains nuclei

Loa loa

96

Deerfly or Mangofly

Loa loa

97

Calabar Swelling

Trichuris trichiura

98

Black River Blindness Ds.

Onchocerca volvulus

99

Black fly (Simulium)

Onchocerca volvulus

100

Onchocerca volvulus: tx affects microfiliaria, NOT adult worms

Ivermectin

101

Onchocerca volvulus: tx for adult worms and for those with eye disease

Suramin

102

LeOpard skin

Onchocerca volvulus

103

SclerOsing keratitis

Onchocerca volvulus

104

Mazzoti Reaction

Onchocerca volvulus

105

Pointed tail free of nucleus

Wuchereria bancrofti

106

Anopheles & Culex

Wuchereria bancrofti

107

Elephantiasis

Wuchereria bancrofti

108

Thick blood smear taken at night

Wuchereria bancrofti

109

Malayan lymphatics filiariasis

Brugia malayi

110

Mansonia

Brugia malayi

111

Thick and thin smear at 12 midnight

Brugia malayi

112

Guinea worm

Dracunculus medinesis

113

Mgt of Dracunculus medinesis

Manual extraction

114

Dog Hookworm

Ancylostoma caninum

115

Cat Hookworm

Ancylostoma braziliense

116

Cutaneous larva migrans

Ancylostoma braziliense

117

Creeping Reaction

Ancylostoma braziliense

118

Visceral larva migrans

Toxocara canis / Toxocara cati

119

Raw fish in Japanese Restaurant

Anisakis sp

120

Gastritis
Gastric ulcer
Gastric CA

Anisakis sp

121

Barber's Pole

Angiostrongylus cantonesis

122

Brazilian Chagas Ds.

Megacolon
Megaesophagus

123

Small whipworm

Capillaria philippinensis

124

Pudoc worm

Capillaria philippinensis

125

Fish Eating Bird

Capillaria philippinensis

126

Migratory Birds

Capillaria philippinensis

127

Intestinal Gurgling: BORBORYGMI

Capillaria philippinensis

128

(+) Bipolar Plugs / Peanut

Capillaria philippinensis

129

EASTERN African Sleeping Sickness

Trypanosoma rhodesiense

130

WESTERN African Sleeping Sickness

Trypanosoma gambiense

131

Etiology of T. gambiense and T. rhodesiense

Tse tse fly (GLOSSINA)

132

Tritoma Bug or Rhodnius Bug

Trypanosoma cruzi

133

Deep hyperesthesia accompanied by PAIN

Kerendel's Sign

134

American Sleeping Sickness

Trypanosoma cruzi

135

Kissing Bug

Trypanosoma cruzi

136

Riduviid Bug

Trypanosoma cruzi

137

Early sign of Trypanosoma cruzi

Chagoma
(Romana's Sign)

138

Unilateral PAINLESS periorbital swelling

Romana's Sign

139

Sandfly (Phlebotomus)

Leishmania

140

Kala-azar

Leishmania donovani

141

Visceral Leishmaniasis

Leishmania donovani

142

Dum dum fever

Leishmania donovani

143

Dx for Leishmania

Montenegro Test

144

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

Leishmania tropica

145

Oriental sore

Leishmania donovani

146

Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis

Leishmania braziliense

147

Espundia

Leishmania braziliense

148

Infective Stage of Leishmania

Promastigote

149

Tx of Leishmania

Stibugluconate Na

150

Small fox tapeworm

Echinococcus multiloculais

151

Alveolar echinococcus

Echinococcus multiloculais

152

Ring and dot appearance

Entamoeba histolytica

153

Entamoeba histolytica movement

Brownian movement

154

Anchovy paste

Amoebic Liver Abscess
(E. histolytica)

155

Flask-like primary ulcer has craterform appearance

Amoebic colitis
(E. histolytica)

156

Non-pathologic ameba

Entamoeba coli

157

The brain-eating amoeba

Acanthamoeba

158

Cutaneous amoebiasis

Acanthamoeba

159

Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalititis

Acanthamoeba

160

Fresh water, such as ponds, lakes, rivers, hot springs and unchlorinated swimming pools

Acanthamoeba

161

Primary Anaerobic Meningoencephalitis

Naegleria fowleri

162

Tx of Naegleria fowleri

Amphotericin B

163

Largest protozoan ciliophora

Balantidium coli

164

Only ciliates that parasitizes man

Balantidium coli

165

Tx of Balantidium coli

Iodoquinol

166

Lemon or pear-shaped due to a nipple like protruberance

Chilomastix mesnili

167

Shepherd's crook appearance

Chilomastix mesnili

168

Falling leaf motility

Giardia lamblia

169

Owl's Eye

Giardia lamblia

170

Cause of Malabsorption, lactose intolerance, steatorrhea and flatulence of Giardiasis

Villous Atrophy

171

Back-packers diarrhea

Giardia lamblia

172

Old Navy's Face

Giardia lamblia

173

Gay Bowel Syndrome

Giardia lamblia

174

DOC Giardia lamblia

Quinacrine HCL
Metronidazole (PH)

175

Yellow-green, malodorous, purulent discharges

Trichomonas vaginalis

176

Strawberry cervix

Trichomonas vaginalis

177

DOC of Trichomoniasis

Metronidazole

178

Diagnostic of Trishomoniasis

Wet mount