Developmental Psychiatry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Developmental Psychiatry Deck (27):
1

What does ADHD stand for?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

2

What is the diagnostic triad of ADHD?

Inattention
Hyperactivity
Impulsivity

3

How would you describe a person with ADHD's actions?

Essentially act before they think - impulsive and often later regret

4

What further attributes does "combined-type ADHD" have?

Triad of ADHD
which are developmentally inappropriate,
impairing,
pervasive and
longstanding

5

What impacts can ADHD have at home?

Parents can't cope
Raised family stress
Increased anger and upset
Increased risk of harm

6

What impacts can ADHD have at school?

Barrier to learning
Frequently in trouble
Disorganised
Forgetful
Lose things

7

List some comorbid difficulties that can occur with ADHD

Social difficulty
Learning disability
Mood and anxiety problems
Behavioural disorder
Substance use + crime

8

Is ADHD more common in males or females?

Males

9

List methods of diagnosing ADHD

Parent + school report
Questionnaires (Conners Rating, SDQ...)
Family history (genes)
Cognitive assessment

10

Working memory in children with untreated ADHD resembles that of the memory of elderly with Alzheimer's. True/False?

True

11

Children can grow out of ADHD. True/False?

True
Some will as part of brain's natural developmental process

12

List some psychological therapies for ADHD

Parent training
Behavioural management
Social skills training
Sleep + diet review

13

List 1st line drugs for ADHD

"stimulants"
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
Dexamfetamine

14

List 2nd line drug for ADHD

Atomoxetine

15

List 3rd line drug classes for ADHD

Antidepressants
Antihypertensives
Antipsychotics

16

What is the aim/purpose of using stimulant drugs in ADHD?

Improve dopaminergic neurotransmission in networks involved in higher executive functioning

17

What does ASD stand for?

Autism spectrum disorder

18

List the triad of impairments in autism

Social interaction
Language
Thought + behaviour disorder
Sensory difficulty

19

Is autism more common in boys or girls?

Boys

20

List some social interaction difficulties in autism

Difficulty establishing relationships
Lack of motivation for social approval
No interest in others' needs
Little awareness of feelings of others

21

List some language impairment in autism

Lack of speech
Difficulty using pronouns
Stress, pitch, rhythm may be odd
Difficulty interpreting non-verbal comm
Difficulty with imagery
Unresponsive/lack of feedback

22

List some thought impairment in autism

Restricted, repetitive behaviour
Lack of imagination
Inflexible thoughts
Resistance to change

23

List some comorbid conditions that may be found with autism

Learning disability
Mood and anxiety disorder
OCD
ADHD
Dyspraxia

24

List methods of diagnosing autism

Screening scales
Interviews (3di)
ADOS assessment

25

What is the DSM criteria for diagnosing autism?

6 symptoms in total
2 symptoms of social interaction
1 symptoms of communication
1 symptom of behaviour
Early onset
Longstanding

26

List non-pharmacological management of autism

Family and school support
Behaviour analysis
SLT

27

List pharmacological management of autism

Risperidone short-term
Methylphenidate (ADHD)
Melatonin (sleep)