Flashcards in Developmental Psychiatry Deck (27):
What does ADHD stand for?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
What is the diagnostic triad of ADHD?
How would you describe a person with ADHD's actions?
Essentially act before they think - impulsive and often later regret
What further attributes does "combined-type ADHD" have?
Triad of ADHD
which are developmentally inappropriate,
What impacts can ADHD have at home?
Parents can't cope
Raised family stress
Increased anger and upset
Increased risk of harm
What impacts can ADHD have at school?
Barrier to learning
Frequently in trouble
List some comorbid difficulties that can occur with ADHD
Mood and anxiety problems
Substance use + crime
Is ADHD more common in males or females?
List methods of diagnosing ADHD
Parent + school report
Questionnaires (Conners Rating, SDQ...)
Family history (genes)
Working memory in children with untreated ADHD resembles that of the memory of elderly with Alzheimer's. True/False?
Children can grow out of ADHD. True/False?
Some will as part of brain's natural developmental process
List some psychological therapies for ADHD
Social skills training
Sleep + diet review
List 1st line drugs for ADHD
List 2nd line drug for ADHD
List 3rd line drug classes for ADHD
What is the aim/purpose of using stimulant drugs in ADHD?
Improve dopaminergic neurotransmission in networks involved in higher executive functioning
What does ASD stand for?
Autism spectrum disorder
List the triad of impairments in autism
Thought + behaviour disorder
Is autism more common in boys or girls?
List some social interaction difficulties in autism
Difficulty establishing relationships
Lack of motivation for social approval
No interest in others' needs
Little awareness of feelings of others
List some language impairment in autism
Lack of speech
Difficulty using pronouns
Stress, pitch, rhythm may be odd
Difficulty interpreting non-verbal comm
Difficulty with imagery
Unresponsive/lack of feedback
List some thought impairment in autism
Restricted, repetitive behaviour
Lack of imagination
Resistance to change
List some comorbid conditions that may be found with autism
Mood and anxiety disorder
List methods of diagnosing autism
What is the DSM criteria for diagnosing autism?
6 symptoms in total
2 symptoms of social interaction
1 symptoms of communication
1 symptom of behaviour
List non-pharmacological management of autism
Family and school support