Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (19):
What is a personality disorder?
Pattern of experience and behaviour that deviates markedly from the individual's normal culture
What are the 4 main aspects that are affected in personality disorder?
How is personality disorder distinguished from a trait?
Disorder is pervasive and causes distress/impairment of functioning
e.g. being a little shy sometimes isn't a disorder
What are the characteristics of cluster A personality disorder?
"Odd and eccentric"
What are the characteristics of cluster B personality disorder?
"Dramatic and emotional"
Borderline (emotionally unstable)
What are the characteristics of cluster C personality disorder?
"Anxious and fearful"
Which cluster of personality disorder is most prevalent?
Describe paranoid personality disorder
Pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others, as if their motives are malevolent
Describe schizoid personality disorder
Pervasive detachment from social relationships and restricted range of emotions
Describe antisocial personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of disregard for rights of others
Describe borderline (emotionally-unstable) personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of instability of relationships and self-esteem
What mental illness shares a lot of similarity with borderline personality disorder?
Describe histrionic personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking
Describe avoidant personality disorder
Pervasive social inhibition and feelings of inadequacy with hypersensitivity to negative evaluation
Describe dependent personality disorder
Pervasive need to be taken into care, leading to clinging and submissive behaviour and fear of separation
Describe obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness/perfectionism at the expense of flexibility and efficiency
Antisocial personality disorder is equivalent to being a psychopath. True/False?
Antisocial PD is based on behaviour, whereas psychopathy describes emotional and cognitive deficit
There is good treatment evidence for personality disorder. True/False?