Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (19):
1

What is a personality disorder?

Pattern of experience and behaviour that deviates markedly from the individual's normal culture

2

What are the 4 main aspects that are affected in personality disorder?

Cognition
Emotions
Impulse control
Interpersonal functioning

3

How is personality disorder distinguished from a trait?

Disorder is pervasive and causes distress/impairment of functioning
e.g. being a little shy sometimes isn't a disorder

4

What are the characteristics of cluster A personality disorder?

"Odd and eccentric"
Paranoia
Schizoid/schizotypal

5

What are the characteristics of cluster B personality disorder?

"Dramatic and emotional"
Histrionic
Antisocial
Narcisstic
Borderline (emotionally unstable)

6

What are the characteristics of cluster C personality disorder?

"Anxious and fearful"
Obsessive
Avoidant
Dependent

7

Which cluster of personality disorder is most prevalent?

Cluster C

8

Describe paranoid personality disorder

Pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others, as if their motives are malevolent

9

Describe schizoid personality disorder

Pervasive detachment from social relationships and restricted range of emotions

10

Describe antisocial personality disorder

Pervasive pattern of disregard for rights of others

11

Describe borderline (emotionally-unstable) personality disorder

Pervasive pattern of instability of relationships and self-esteem

12

What mental illness shares a lot of similarity with borderline personality disorder?

Bipolar disorder

13

Describe histrionic personality disorder

Pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking

14

Describe avoidant personality disorder

Pervasive social inhibition and feelings of inadequacy with hypersensitivity to negative evaluation

15

Describe dependent personality disorder

Pervasive need to be taken into care, leading to clinging and submissive behaviour and fear of separation

16

Describe obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

Pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness/perfectionism at the expense of flexibility and efficiency

17

Antisocial personality disorder is equivalent to being a psychopath. True/False?

False
Antisocial PD is based on behaviour, whereas psychopathy describes emotional and cognitive deficit

18

There is good treatment evidence for personality disorder. True/False?

False

19

What is the main psychological treatment for borderline personality disorder?

Dialectical behavioural therapy