Trauma Response Flashcards Preview

3MB Psychiatry > Trauma Response > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trauma Response Deck (10):
1

List some risk factors for heightened responses to trauma

Sudden, unexpected event
Man-made rather than natural
Prolonged exposure
Threat to life, death
Personal factors (family)

2

What is associated with the highest incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder?

Rape

3

What is the freeze response?

Body goes into shutdown with immobility in the presence of "inevitable" danger (think of a deer on the road)

4

List some clinical features of complex PTSD

Low self-esteem, self-blame
Hopelessness
Somatisation
Mood disturbance
Self-harm

5

What is the most emotionally charged part of the brain?

Amygdala

6

List the main features of PTSD (FAANDER)

Flashbacks
Nightmares
Avoidance
Arousal (increased)
Emotional numbness
Dissociation
Re-enactment

7

How long after a traumatic event can PTSD be diagnosed?

3 months after

8

If trauma symptoms are mild and present for less than 4 weeks, what is the treatment?

Watchful waiting with support

9

List some psychotherapy that may be used for PTSD

CBT
EMDR
Media therapy
Mindfulness

10

Which antidepressant is licensed for use in PTSD?

Paroxetine (SSRI)