Developmental Theories Flashcards Preview

NCLEX-RN (1) Fundamentals > Developmental Theories > Flashcards

Flashcards in Developmental Theories Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q
Define:

Erik Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development

A

They are stages that a client goes through in order to be emotionally stable

If the client does not go through the stage, there can be life-long emotional problems.

2
Q

At what age does a client go through the Trust vs. Mistrust stage?

A

Trust vs. Mistrust stage

  • infancy to 18 months old
3
Q

At what age does the client go through the Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage?

A

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage

  • early childhood: 18 months - 3 years old
4
Q

At what age does a client go through the Initiative vs. Guilt stage?

A

Initiative vs. Guilt stage

  • late childhood: 3 - 6 years old
5
Q

At what age does a client go through the Industry vs. Inferiority stage

A

Industry vs. Inferiority stage

  • school age: 6 - 12 years old
6
Q

At what age does a client go through the Identity vs. Role confusion stage?

A

Identity vs. Role confusion stage

  • adolescence: 12 - 20 years old
7
Q

At what age does a client go through the Intimacy vs. Isolation stage?

A

Intimacy vs. Isolation stage

  • early adulthood: 20 - 35 years old
8
Q

At what age does a client go through the Generativity vs. Stagnation stage?

A

Generativity vs. Stagnation stage

  • middle adulthood: 35 - 65 years old
9
Q

At what age does a client go through the Integrity vs. Despair stage?

A

Integrity vs. Despair stage

  • later adulthood: 65 years - death
10
Q

What actions help an infant get through the Trust vs. Mistrust stage?

A

Trust vs. Mistrust stage:

  • hold and comfort baby
  • feed when needed
  • change diapers as needed

If these actions are not taken the infant may not go through the stage successfully.

11
Q

What actions help a toddler get through the Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage?

A

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage:

  • allow self-feeding
  • encourage putting on and off of clothes
  • give simple choices

If these actions are not taken the toddler may not go through the stage successfully.

12
Q

What actions help a preschool-aged child get through the Initiative vs. Guilt stage?

A

Initiative vs. Guilt stage:

  • give medical equipment to play with
  • dolls and puppets for pretend
  • accept their choices
  • let them express feelings

If these actions are not taken the preschool-aged child may not go through the stage successfully.

13
Q

What actions help a school-aged child get through the Industry vs. Inferiority stage?

A

Industry vs. Inferiority stage:

  • let child do schoolwork while in hospital
  • encourage their hobbies
  • explain the procedure a few days beforehand

If these actions are not taken the school-aged child may not go through the stage successfully.

14
Q

What actions help an adolescent get through the Identity vs. Role confusion stage?

A

Identity vs. Role confusion stage:

  • perform physical exam without parents there (adolescent gets embarrassed easily)
    • have another adult in the room for safety reasons
  • encourage friends and peers to visit while in hospital

If these actions are not taken the adolescent may not go through the stage successfully.

15
Q

What actions help a young adult get through the Intimacy vs. Isolation stage?

A

Intimacy vs. Isolation stage:

  • encourage partner support
  • may need social services or rehab before going back to work

If these actions are not taken the young adult may not go through the stage successfully.

16
Q

What actions help a middle-aged adult get through the Generativity vs. Stagnation stage?

A

Generativity vs. Stagnation stage:

  • encourage socialization and volunteering

If these actions are not taken the middle-aged client may not go through the stage successfully.

17
Q

What actions help an older adult get through the Integrity vs. Despair stage?

A

Integrity vs. Despair stage:

  • listen to their stories
  • help with retirement living

If these actions are not taken the older adult may not go through the stage successfully.