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Flashcards in Diruetics Deck (21)
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1

general way that diuretics work

preventing reabsorption of chloride and sodium

2

adverse reactions for thiazides

hypercalcemia
hyperglycemia
hyperuricemia

3

how many pounds is 1 L of fluid

2.2

4

suggest what for people on a thiazide

sunscreen, can cause photosensitivity

5

if pt is taking a thiazide and digoxin what should you do?

monitor for digitalis toxicity

6

thiazines are potassium wasting diuretics

encourage patient to eat diet high in potassium, supplements may be ordered

7

adverse reactions of loop diruetics

hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hypochloremia

8

how do osmotic diuretics work

increase sodium reabsorption, sodium, chloride and potassium are excreted but to a lesser degree

9

signs and symptoms of hypokalemia

muscle weakness, abdominal distention, leg cramps, cardiac dysrhythmias

10

hypokalemia can increase the risk for what type of toxicity?

digitalis

11

furosimide can be taken with what?

food to prevent GI upset

12

emphasize the importance of taking _____ with loop diuretics?

potassium supplements

13

prototype potassium sparing diuretics

spirolactone

14

monitor for what of spironolactone

hyperkalemia: nausea, diarrhea, abdominal cramping, numbness and tingiling of the hands, feet, legs cramps, tachycardia and later bradycardia , peaked narrow T wave, oliguria

15

all patients should take diuretics what?

in the morning, prevents nocturia

16

side effects of potassium sparing diuretics

rash, dizziness, GI upset

17

evaluation of effectiveness of diuretics

decreased weight, decreased bp, decreased edema

18

what are osmotic diuretics used for?

TBI, kidney failure, decrease intraocular pressure

19

potassium sparing diruetics

spirolactone

20

adverse effects of osmotic diruetics

pulmonary edema due to fluid shifts, nausea, vomiting, tachycardia from rapid fluid loss, acidosis

21

potassium wasting diuretics

thiazides
osmotic
loop