Flashcards in Dog Vx Deck (40):
What 4 viruses does DA2PP vx protect against? Can they all cause death? Are there different versions of the vx made by different companies?
Distemper, adenovirus A2, parainfluenza, and parvovirus
Symptoms of distemper? Is it widespread or rare?
Coughing, seizures, vomiting, and diarrhea
Widespread, all dogs will be exposed during their lifetime
Main evidence of canine adenovirus type-2 (CAV-2)?
Mainly respiratory, evidenced by tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, and pharyngitis (remember: TBPP)
CAV-2 is one of the causes of what common illness?
Infectious tracheobronchitis (ITB), often labeled kennel cough
What is CAV-2 closely related to? Does the DA2PP vx protect against it?
CAV-1, which is more serious than CAV-2 and causes infectious canine hepatitis
Yes, The DA2PP vx contains a modified CAV-2 virus, and this prevents infectious canine hepatitis because CAV-2 is similar enough to CAV-1 that the vx creates immunity for both
Why is it good that we don’t give a CAV-1 vx?
It is more likely to cause side effects than the CAV-2 vx in the DA2PP
What body part does parainfluenza affect? What illness can it lead to?
Lungs and throat, viral pneumonia
What symptoms does parvovirus cause?
Bloody diarrhea, fever, vomiting, extreme depression, loss of appetite
How is Parvo transmitted?
By direct contact with an infected dog’s feces or vomitus
Why is Parvo especially problematic?
It can live outside the host for years
Many infected puppies will die from this disease even with proper treatment
What are the 3 names for kennel cough?
Infectious trachiobronchitis (ITB)
What is kennel cough?
An upper respiratory infection causing a persistent, dry, hacking cough
How long may kennel cough last?
It is highly contagious to other dogs
What pets are more likely to come down with kennel cough?
Those that are stressed
Rabies attacks what part of the body, and what animals?
The nervous system, all warm-blooded animals
Common signs of rabies?
Various changes in behavior, seizures, paralysis, and death
Where in Texas is rabies prevalent in wild animals?
Is there a cure for rabies?
No, vx is the only protection
Why do we recommend rabies vx annually?
Even though the state of Texas only requires it every 3 years in our area, it changes frequently bc it’s a political decision
What do intestinal parasites cause in large numbers?
Intestinal blockages, bloody diarrhea, and premature death
How old can the fecal sample be to be run?
It must be less than 12 hours old
How old must a dog be to get a heartworm test?
6 months of age or older
What is the doctor looking for in a heartworm test?
Circulating baby heartworms in the blood or, more commonly, chemical evidence of past exposure to heartworms
What kinds of dogs is the Lymes vx given to?
Dogs living out in the country, or visiting the country, or hunting dogs
what is leptospirosis spread by?
Possums, squirrels, and backyard wildlife
What kinds of dogs is the rattlesnake vx used for?
Mainly hunting dogs
What other things does a 4Dx prevent against besides heartworms?
Erlichia, Lymes, and Anaplasmosis
What are appointments for puppies under 6 weeks for?
Just physical examination, vx wouldn’t work because they’re still covered by mother’s immunity
Which animals may respond poorly to vaccinations?
Underweight, pregnant, stressed, infested with parasites, or suffering from other illnesses
Why do we give puppy vx in a series?
Bc it takes time to build up immunity. We revaccinate as the puppy and the immune system mature
What intervals are puppy vx given?
2-4 week intervals, most commonly 3 week intervals
Preferable between 7-9 weeks of age, 10-12 weeks of age, and 13-16 weeks of age
When should the rabies vx be given?
After 12 weeks of age, bc that’s when a puppy should be able to get full immunity from the vx
Note: doctor may choose to wait if puppy is very small
What is the canine vx schedule?
6 weeks: DA2PP #1 (this should be a recombinant vx!), deworming, puppy heartgard and frontline, or revolution
9 weeks: DA2PP #2, Bord #1 (intranasal/oral), second deworming, and next dose of prevention
12 weeks: DA2PP #3, Bord #2 (SQ), rabies, next dose of prevention
16 weeks: DA2PP #4 (this last one needs to be given over the age of 16 weeks), fecal to make sure all parasites are gone
2 ways to write bordatella vx in record?
Bord (sq) or Bord (oral)
If O waits more than _____ weeks between vaccines, then he’ll have to start all over again
If a dog is under _____ weeks old then it needs the puppy recombinant DA2PP?
10 weeks (therefore the second DA2PP if given at 9 weeks will be a recombinant vx too)
When does a puppy legally have to have its rabies vx by?
4 months old
When does lepto start?
15-16 weeks old, last lepto vx exam is no charge if lepto only
In the charges, puppy DA2PP vaccine comes up as what? Adult (nonrecombinant) vx comes up as what?
Puppy: DA2PP #1 or #2
Adult: DA2PP #3 or #4 or A (never use #5!)