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Flashcards in Dog Vx Deck (40):
1

What 4 viruses does DA2PP vx protect against? Can they all cause death? Are there different versions of the vx made by different companies?

Distemper, adenovirus A2, parainfluenza, and parvovirus

Yes

Yes

2

Symptoms of distemper? Is it widespread or rare?

Coughing, seizures, vomiting, and diarrhea

Widespread, all dogs will be exposed during their lifetime

3

Main evidence of canine adenovirus type-2 (CAV-2)?

Mainly respiratory, evidenced by tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, and pharyngitis (remember: TBPP)

4

CAV-2 is one of the causes of what common illness?

Infectious tracheobronchitis (ITB), often labeled kennel cough

5

What is CAV-2 closely related to? Does the DA2PP vx protect against it?

CAV-1, which is more serious than CAV-2 and causes infectious canine hepatitis

Yes, The DA2PP vx contains a modified CAV-2 virus, and this prevents infectious canine hepatitis because CAV-2 is similar enough to CAV-1 that the vx creates immunity for both

6

Why is it good that we don’t give a CAV-1 vx?

It is more likely to cause side effects than the CAV-2 vx in the DA2PP

7

What body part does parainfluenza affect? What illness can it lead to?

Lungs and throat, viral pneumonia

8

What symptoms does parvovirus cause?

Bloody diarrhea, fever, vomiting, extreme depression, loss of appetite

9

How is Parvo transmitted?

By direct contact with an infected dog’s feces or vomitus

10

Why is Parvo especially problematic?

It can live outside the host for years

Many infected puppies will die from this disease even with proper treatment

11

What are the 3 names for kennel cough?

Bordatella
Canine cough
Infectious trachiobronchitis (ITB)

12

What is kennel cough?

An upper respiratory infection causing a persistent, dry, hacking cough

13

How long may kennel cough last?

Several weeks

It is highly contagious to other dogs

14

What pets are more likely to come down with kennel cough?

Those that are stressed

15

Rabies attacks what part of the body, and what animals?

The nervous system, all warm-blooded animals

16

Common signs of rabies?

Various changes in behavior, seizures, paralysis, and death

17

Where in Texas is rabies prevalent in wild animals?

Central Texas

18

Is there a cure for rabies?

No, vx is the only protection

19

Why do we recommend rabies vx annually?

Even though the state of Texas only requires it every 3 years in our area, it changes frequently bc it’s a political decision

20

What do intestinal parasites cause in large numbers?

Intestinal blockages, bloody diarrhea, and premature death

21

How old can the fecal sample be to be run?

It must be less than 12 hours old

22

How old must a dog be to get a heartworm test?

6 months of age or older

23

What is the doctor looking for in a heartworm test?

Circulating baby heartworms in the blood or, more commonly, chemical evidence of past exposure to heartworms

24

What kinds of dogs is the Lymes vx given to?

Dogs living out in the country, or visiting the country, or hunting dogs

25

what is leptospirosis spread by?

Possums, squirrels, and backyard wildlife

26

What kinds of dogs is the rattlesnake vx used for?

Mainly hunting dogs

27

What other things does a 4Dx prevent against besides heartworms?

Erlichia, Lymes, and Anaplasmosis

28

What are appointments for puppies under 6 weeks for?

Just physical examination, vx wouldn’t work because they’re still covered by mother’s immunity

29

Which animals may respond poorly to vaccinations?

Underweight, pregnant, stressed, infested with parasites, or suffering from other illnesses

30

Why do we give puppy vx in a series?

Bc it takes time to build up immunity. We revaccinate as the puppy and the immune system mature

31

What intervals are puppy vx given?

2-4 week intervals, most commonly 3 week intervals

Preferable between 7-9 weeks of age, 10-12 weeks of age, and 13-16 weeks of age

32

When should the rabies vx be given?

After 12 weeks of age, bc that’s when a puppy should be able to get full immunity from the vx

Note: doctor may choose to wait if puppy is very small

33

What is the canine vx schedule?

6 weeks: DA2PP #1 (this should be a recombinant vx!), deworming, puppy heartgard and frontline, or revolution

9 weeks: DA2PP #2, Bord #1 (intranasal/oral), second deworming, and next dose of prevention

12 weeks: DA2PP #3, Bord #2 (SQ), rabies, next dose of prevention

16 weeks: DA2PP #4 (this last one needs to be given over the age of 16 weeks), fecal to make sure all parasites are gone

34

2 ways to write bordatella vx in record?

Bord (sq) or Bord (oral)

35

If O waits more than _____ weeks between vaccines, then he’ll have to start all over again

8 weeks

36

If a dog is under _____ weeks old then it needs the puppy recombinant DA2PP?

10 weeks (therefore the second DA2PP if given at 9 weeks will be a recombinant vx too)

37

When does a puppy legally have to have its rabies vx by?

4 months old

38

When does lepto start?

15-16 weeks old, last lepto vx exam is no charge if lepto only

39

In the charges, puppy DA2PP vaccine comes up as what? Adult (nonrecombinant) vx comes up as what?

Puppy: DA2PP #1 or #2

Adult: DA2PP #3 or #4 or A (never use #5!)

40

With breeder-given vaccines, if they were given over 2 weeks ago what happens? If given less than 2 weeks ago?

Vx are due anyways

Vx will need to be repeated bc we’re not sure how the breeds gave or stores the vaccines or how they were shipped, etc