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Flashcards in Don't Even Want To Knowy Stuff Deck (73):
1

Endocrine system messenger

Hormones

2

Hormones pathway

Bloodstream

3

Hormones interact with

Only target cells

4

Part of brain that pituitary glands deal with

Hypothalamus

5

3 endocrine glands in brain

Pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
Pineal body

6

Pb secretes ______, which controls ______

Melatonin
Sleep

7

Main hormone pituitary gland secretes

Growth

8

Hormone regulates calcium

Parathyroid hormone

9

Pancreas makes

Insulin
Glucagon

10

When _ cells mature hormones are released from thymus

T

11

Testes make _________ hormone in boys

Testosterone

12

Adrenal glands make

Adrenaline

13

Six things endocrine system handles.

1. Growth
2. Metabolism
3. Immune system
4. Stress
5. Emergency response
6. Sexual development

14

Female ovaries produce 2 hormones

1. Progesterone
2. Estrogen

15

_____ is link _______ and __________

1. Hypothalamus
2. Endocrine glands
3. Nervous system

16

Endocrine glands make _________ that affect _______

1. Hormones
2. Target cells

17

2 functions of male repro system

1. Make sperm
2. Make testosterone

18

Where sperm made

Testes

19

2 testosterone changes

Deep voice
Broad shoulders

20

Chromosomes in sperm are in

Head

21

2 functions of female repro system

Make eggs
Make/harbor child

22

Func of menstrual cycle

Release egg to be fertilized

23

When menstruation start

10-14

24

At around 50 what happens to woman

Menopause

25

What happens during menstrual cycle

1. Lining of uterus thickens
2. Egg released into oviduct

26

How long is menstrual cycle

4-6 days

27

Egg

Female sex cell

28

Menstruation

Process in which blood and tissue from broken down lining of uterus pass through vagina

29

Sperm

Male sex cell

30

Fertilization

Joining of sperm and egg

31

Ovulation

Release of mature egg from ovary

32

Reproduction

Process by which living things produce others of the same type

33

Chromosomes

Structure in cell that carries inherited characteristics

34

Zygote

Fertilized egg

35

Semen

Mix of sperm cells and fluid

36

Estrogen

Triggers development in female physical characteristics

37

Testosterone

Triggers development of male sex characteristics

38

Girls

Breasts grow
Begin to ovulate
Hips widen

39

Boys

Hair appears of face and chest
Begin making sperm
Voice deepens

40

Both

Sex organs develop
Skin makes more oils
Body odor increases

41

Fertilized egg

Zygote

42

When in uterine wall developing baby is

Embryo

43

8 weeks after fertilization baby is

Fetus until birth

44

Sac that cushions and protects baby

Amniotic sac

45

Temporary organ links child to mom so child can get nutrients and O2

Placenta

46

Tube of blood cells between placenta and embryo

Umbilical cord

47

Time it takes for zygote to reach uterus

4 days

48

How long until birth

36 weeks

49

When baby leaves mother

Delivery

50

Muscular contractions that push baby out

Labor

51

15 mins after birth what happens

After birth

52

Difference between identical and fraternal twins

Identical: 1 egg split in 2, 1 sperm
Fraternal: 2 eggs, 2 sperm

53

Babies are infants until

2

54

2 ways babies develop during infancy

1. Can cry
2. Crawl/walk

55

Childhood ages

2-12

56

Development changes 3-6

Learn to share, play, have convos

57

Development from 7-10

Cares for others more, want friends

58

Development 10-12

Wants to fit in

59

Adolescents age

9-15

60

Development 9-14

Enters puberty, body becomes sex ready

61

Development 13-15

Able to think and reason

62

Adulthood ages

16-death

63

How to slow aging

Healthy diet
Exercise

64

Difference between sexual and aesexual repro

S: 2 parents, children similar to parents
A: 1 parent, children same as parents

65

Advantage to sexual repro

Genetic variation

66

2 disadvantages to sexual repro

Time
Effort

67

2 identical cells can form during _____ aesexual repro

Fission

68

Type aesexual repro where child grows off parent

Budding

69

When animal regrows part of itself

Animal regeneration

70

When stolon from plant grows into identical model of parent

Vegetative repro

71

Aesexual in lab

Cloning

72

Advantage of aesexual repro

Rapid
Large #s

73

Disadvantage of aesexual repro

Disease kills one, will kill all