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Flashcards in Even More Nasty Stuff Deck (45):
0

Six nutrients needed

1. Carbs
2. Fats
3. Proteins
4. Vitamins
5. Minerals
6. Water

1

Two types of carbs

Simple & complex

2

Different name for simple carb

Sugar

3

Different name for complex carb

Starch

4

All sugars are turned int

Glucose

5

Complex card that can't break down

Fiber

6

Two types of bad fats

Transfats & saturated fats

7

Different name for fat

Lipids

8

Broken fats are

Fatty acids & glycerol

9

Two types of protein

Complete & incomplete

10

Proteins made of

Amino acid chains

11

Vitamins from

Food/plants

12

Minerals from

Soil

13

Organic material

Carbon based from living or non living thing

14

Water is most important bc

Dissolves materials

15

Nutrient that gives most energy per gram

Fat

16

Cholesterol is in

Animal product

17

Two thing needed for body progress

1. Raw materials
2. Energy

18

Calorie

1000 times the energy it takes to raise 1g of h2o by 1oc

19

calories in Calorie

1000

20

5 functions of digestive systems

1. Break down food
2. Moving food by muscle contractions
3. Making chemicals
4. Absorbing food into bloodstream
5. Absorbing water into bloodstream

21

Flap of tissue called ___________ seals off windpipe

Epiglottis

22

Thick slippery substance in digestive track

Mucus

23

Contractions to move food

Peristalsis

24

Most mechanical in

Stomach

25

Connects mouth to stomach

Esophagus

26

Moistens food

Saliva

27

Breaking down food

Digestion

28

Speeds up chemical reactions in chemical digestion

Enzyme

29

Had bacteria that feeds on passing stuff

Large

30

Most absobtion

Small

31

Has villi

Small

32

Attached to stomach

Small

33

Make waste

Large

34

Most chem digest

Small

35

Gets bile and enzymes from elsewhere

Small

36

Last part of digest

Large

37

Water in large intestine is

Absorbed into bloodstream

38

Liver

Produced bile

39

Gallbladder

Stores bile

40

Pancreas

Makes enzymes that go into small

41

Rectum

Stores waste

42

Anus

Where waste exists

43

Bile

Breaks up fat molecules

44

Villi

Finger shaped things where absorbtion occurs