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Flashcards in Kill Me Nowy Stuff Deck (51):
1

Organic compounds contain ______ and other things

Carbon

2

Organic ones

Protein
Nucleic acids
Air
Glucose
Carbohydrates

3

Inorganic ones

Salt
Hydrogen peroxide
Bananas

4

3 tropisms that affect emergence of seedlings

Phototropic
Geoteopic
Thigmotropic

5

Turgor pressure in plant cells

Helps fluid move

6

Turgor pressure's affect on plant cell's appearance

It pinches

7

Cellular respiration

Converts biochemical energy from nutrients to ATP

8

Formula for cellular respiration

Glucose + oxygen -> carbon dioxide + water + ATP

9

Fermentation

Converts sugar to acids etc.

10

Physical changes of food happen in

Mouth
Stomach

11

Chemical changes in food happen in

Stomach duodenum small intestine

12

Carbohydrates can break down into

Glucose

13

Fats can break down into

Fatty acids
Glycerol

14

Proteins break down into

Amino acids

15

1

Saliva alters food chemically while teeth crush and grind food

16

2

Peristalsis pushes crushed food into stomach

17

3

Stomach acid and muscular contractions of the stomach alter the composition of food

18

4

Bile, pancreatic juice, and intestinal juices chemically change food in duodenum

19

5

Water is removed from food and excreted from body

20

Physical

Enzymes break down proteins into smaller fragments
Teeth grind an apple into smaller pieces in the mouth

21

Chemical

Saliva breaks starches into simple sugars
Bacteria converts lactose into simple sugars in small intestine

22

Skeletal system

System that provides movement, protection, and support for other ovens in body

23

Respiratory system

System that supplies oxygen to blood and includes larynx, trachea, lungs

24

Excretory system

System that filters excess fluids and wastes and includes kidneys and bladder

25

Circulatory system

System that delivers oxygen and nutrients through blood and includes heart, arteries, and veins

26

Involuntary

Heart pumping blood
Eyes dilate in dark

27

Voluntary

biceps flexing while weight lifting

28

_____ pumps oxygen rich blood from lungs throughout body, picks up oxygen-______ blood to be exhaled through

Heart
Deprived
Mouth/nose

29

Adrenaline rush controlled by

Endocrine system

30

Reflex is part of

Nervous system

31

Fight or flight response triggered by adrenaline is made by

Endocrine system

32

When muscles contract, fivers become shorter and ____

Tighter

33

When muscles relax, fibers become longer and ______

Looser

34

Sexual repro

Two parents
Diverse appearance

35

Asexual repro

Budding
One parent
Mitosis
Exact genes replicated
Exchange of genes on chromosomes during meiosis

36

Advantage to sexual repro

Genetic variation

37

Advantages of asexual repro

Fast
Lots if times

38

Structure that had genetic instructions for multiple traits

DNA

39

Instructions for genetic traits in

Chromosomes

40

When two parents make offspring, each parent passes on __ chromosomes

23

41

Heredity

Passing of traits from parent to offspring

42

Genetically determined

Widows peak
Dimples
Height

43

Not genetically determined

Basketball skills
Singing ability

44

Theory of evolution

Charlie Darwin

45

Natural selection or

Survival of the fittest

46

Adaptations are _____ mutations that help species ______ and repro

Helpful
Survive

47

A variation is change in trait that makes something slightly ____ from others

Better

48

Descriptive investigation

Involves describing
Based on observation

49

Comparative investigation

Make a comparison
Has IV and DV

50

Experimental instigation

There is clear IV and DV
There is relationship between IV and DV

51

During photosynthesis _____ energy is made into _____ energy

Light
Heat?