Dr. Hogan Tut #13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dr. Hogan Tut #13 Deck (16):
1

Symptoms of hypercalcaemia?

MGB
Moaning
Groaning
Bones

2

2 causes of hypercalcaemia?

dehydration
bony mets

3

what causes red tears and urine?

rifampicin

4

what is methylene blue used for?

localizing the parathyroids

5

symptoms of hypocalcaemia?

muscle spasm
confusion
trismus

6

what is trismus?

jaw spasm

7

risks in shaft of femur fracture?

hidden blood loss

8

what physiological process give you a decreased threshold for renal osmolality?

pregnancy third trimester

9

who get ketotic breath?

Type I diabetes
younger patients

10

2 treatments for hypercalcaemia?

1. hydrate! hydrate! hydrate! with frusemide and catheter if needed

2. maybe calcitonin

11

treatment for hypocalcaemia?

IV CaCl2

12

why give magnesium in arrythmias?

protect against arrythmogenic K+

13

2 symptoms of low magnesium?

muscle weakness
hyporeflexia

14

What is Nitrofurantoin used for? side effects?

MRSA UTIs mainly. It's an older drug.
Bad side effects: pulmonary, liver, renal function compromise

15

What is bronchiectasis?

chronic infection of bronchi and bronchioles causing permanent dilation of airways

16

what causes bronchiectasis?

Haemophilus
CF
Pseudomonas
Strep Pneumoniae