Dr. Hogan Tutorial #12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dr. Hogan Tutorial #12 Deck (20):
1

if heart sounds are muffled and they are not obese, what could be happening?

pericardial effusion
of COPD

2

causes of pericardial effusion?

pericarditis
post viral
blood from trauma
lymphoma

3

what is Dressler's syndrome?

pericarditis, immune response following MI, sx, trauma

4

ECG change in pericarditis?

global ST elevation
'mexican hat' shaped

5

4 treatments for VZV?

acyclovir
NSAIDS
Zoster immunoglobulin (within 1/52)
barrier nursing
anti-convulsants for pain

6

what is reverse barrier nursing?

prevent infection towards the patient

7

what is barrier nursing?

prevent nursing staff from patient

8

what condition is where the optic nerves all decussate at the chiasm?

ocular albinism

9

what kind of diabetes associated with gestational?

type 2

10

don't forget what in patients who have been in hospital for a long time?

deconditioning

11

what to ask re: autonomic neuropathy in diabetes complications?

MI
bowel (diarrhoea - nocturnal?
bladder
bloating
gastroparesis (dumping syndrome)
sexual dysfunction
orthostatic hypotension

12

pancreatic transplant usually happens how?

in conjunction with a kidney usually

13

Macro Diabetes complications?

Cerebrovascular
Cardio
Peripheral neuropathy

14

macular degeneration related to diabetes?

Nope

15

micro diabetes complications?

Retinopathy
Nephropathy
Peripheral vascular disease (P&N, rest pain, 5 Ps)

16

What is Wegener's Disease?

granulomatous inflammation of blood vessels
form of vasculitis

17

3 things to think of when Fever?

Infectious
Non-infectious
Malignancy

18

side effects of B-blockers and why contraindicated in Diabetes?

bradycardia
cross over lungs: asthma
blunting of sympathetic symptoms of hypoglycaemia

19

what cancer drugs causes bladder problems?

cyclophosphamide
haemorrhagic cystitis

20

Gastric cancer risk factors

pernicious anaemia
japanese
PUD