Dr. Hogan Tut #15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dr. Hogan Tut #15 Deck (13)
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1

causes of acute thrombocytopaenia

autoimmune: Abs to platelets
SLE
Rheumatoid
chemotherapy
medications

2

what is felty's syndrome triad? who gets it?

Rheumatoid
splenomegaly
neutropaenia

ppl who have RA for more than 10 years

3

what can cause a paradoxical thrombus and thrombocytopaenia?

antiphospholipid syndrome
heparin induced thrombocytopaenia and thrombosis

4

heparin induced thrombocytopaenia and thrombosis presents how?

DVTs, PEs, MIs

5

3 types of antiphospholipids?

anti-lupus
anti-B2 glycoprotein
anti-cardiolipin

6

why do you get thrombosis in antiphospholipid syndrome?

lupus anti-coagulant binds to prothrombin, increasing it's cleavage = procoagulant state

7

when examining eyes post a head strike, what to look out for?

entrapment of lateral rectus
CSF rhinorrhea
blood in anterior chamber
retro-orbital haemorrhage with no posterior limit

8

how to check rhinorrhoea for CSF?

urine dipstick will show glucose if it is CSF

9

which area in brain is affected when the tremor gets worse with movement?

cerebellar lesion

10

parkinsonian writing?

micrographia

11

first symptoms the partner reports in someone with early parkinson's?

they don't turn over in bed

12

what the le fort classification for?

facial fractures
Type I: horizontal maxillary fractures
Type II:pyramidal fracture
Type III: passes through, naso, maxillary, orbital and zygomatic arch

13

Causes of DIC?

malignancy: ApML
gram -ve sepsis
burns
obstetric: eclampsia
snake bite
acute liver disease
malaria
dengue