Flashcards in Driver Engineer Guidebook Deck (260):
There are three factors that affect friction loss. They are:
-The diameter of the hose
-The volume of water flowing expressed in gpm
-The length of the hose lay
_______ is the pressure at a specific pump discharge.
Discharge pressure (DP)
The use of a single hose line, typically 2 1/2", 4-inch, or 5-inch, to supply two smaller attack lines is referred to as a ______ evolution.
Connect the appropriate adapter ( ____" FEC or _____" NST)
4" FEC or 4 1/2" NST
Remove the steamer cap of the hydrant, open hydrant until a clear, solid stream is produced; flow for ___ - ___ seconds and then close the hydrant.
5 - 10
When spotting apparatus with hydrant on the driver's side you will need _____ feet.
When spotting apparatus with hydrant on the officer's side you will need ____ feet.
In sprinkler and standpipe fire protection systems, the vertical pipes that carry water to the upper floors are called _____ and are usually _____ inches or more in diameter.
risers , 4
Friction loss should be accounted for if the pipe diameter is less than ____ inches.
The most common pumping situations for multi-story buildings for this department are:
-Through lines laid up stairs taking into consideration exiting and movement of suppresion forces.
-Through a line or lines suspended on the outside of a building
-To a sprinkler system
-To a standpipe/sprinkler system
T or F: It should be noted that elevation means above or below a given point.
As it relates to hydraulic calculations, the _______ refers to the midline of the pump.
There should never be less than _____ 2 1/2 inch lines supplying a sprinkler system FDC.
Suspended Line Ops: The line should be secured at the ____ floor, the ____ floor and every ____ floor between the top and bottom.
first, fire, third
Suspended Line Ops: There should never be more than ___ floors between secured points.
The pump operator should maintain ____ psi to the sprinkler system FDC.
If the fire continues to progress, pertaining to a sprinkler system FDC, increase the DP to _____ psi maximum, by _____ psi increments.
200 , 25
______ systems are the main source of water supply for fighting fires in high-rise or large buildings.
Class I :
2 1/2 inch oulets for fire department use
Class II :
1 1/2 inch hose outlets for occupant use
Class III :
Combination standpipe, incorporates both Class I and Class II into a single system
In most cases, buildings that are _____ stories, or ____ feet and above, have standpipe systems.
Buildings of less than ____ stories may have dry systems, if they have any at all.
All new buildings that are ___ stories or more in height, except for open air parking structures that are a minimum of 20 feet from other structures, shall be fire sprinkler protected.
Manual standpipes are usually found in buildings less than ___ feet in height.
Standpipe systems in taller buildings are automatic ______ systems, which means they have a constant water supply.
The vertical pipe that carries water to the upper floors is called a ____ and is from ___ to ___ inches in diameter and no allowance for FL is necessary.
riser, 4 to 6
Remember, it is mandatory that a minimum of ____ 2 1/2 inch lines are used to supply standpipe or sprinkler systems.
Maximum discharge pressure for 2 1/2 inch hose is _____ psi whereas maximum discharge pressure for LDH is ____ psi.
350 , 185
The friction loss of the standpipe system itself; generally accepted to be ____ psi.
_____ apparatus should be given priority for positioning at building fires.
Consider spotting the apparatus on the corner of the building allowing access to ____ sides.
Aerial Rescue: Remove victims in the following priority:
1. Most severely threatened by current conditions.
2. Largest number of groups of people.
3. Remainder of people in the fire area.
4. People in exposed areas.
Aerial Operations: If possible, spot the truck ___ feet from the building.
The best spot, for advancing the pre-connected hand-lines is _______.
in line with the avenue of entry.
Aerial Ladder Order of Movement/Operation:
Relay pumping is used to overcome FL in supply hose and is based on three factors:
-The diameter of the hose
-The amount of water required
-The distance from the water source to the attack pumper.
The maximum speed for laying supply line is ____ MPH.
Maximum PSI for 4" LDH is _____ psi.
Remember that the FL in the 4" supply line is 20 psi/100' @ ______ gpm.
While operating apparatus equipped with a pressure governor, the attack pumper should be set to the ______ mode, while all others in the relay should be set to _____ mode.
PRESSURE , RPM
Attack pumpers, PDP is determined by ______.
Most frequently, drafting operations are done only for the _______.
Underwriter's Service Test
A drafting operation is best done by a crew of _____ or more.
If the priming device does not discharge water within _____ seconds (1500 GPM pump), perform trouble shooting procedures.
70 percent of its rated capacity at ____ ft. of lift and 60 percent at ____ ft.
15 , 20
For testing purposes, no more than ____ ft. of lift through _____ ft. of hose.
10 , 20
For best results, allow ____ feet of water on all sides of the strainer.
Pressure governor should be kept in the _____ mode until a successful draft is obtained.
For drafting operation, increase throttle between ____ and _____ rpm.
1000 , 1200
Prime should be obtained between ____ to ____ seconds.
10 to 15
Drafting Operations: Before opening any discharges, increase throttle and maintain ____ to _____ psi on master discharge gauge.
50 to 100
A high reading on the vacuum side of the compound gauge with no water entering the pump within the proper time indicates that the suction lift is too ____ or the strainer is obstructed.
AFFF is used at ___% or ____% to extinguish hydrocarbon fires, and ___% for polar-solvent (water-miscible) fires and oxygenated fuel blends.
1 , 3 , 3
Application Rates for AFFF:
Class A - Wetting ______%
Super Suppression _____%
The trailer (Foam 2) carries two _____ gallon totes of concentrate.
IN-LINE Eductor : cam lock fitting
cam lock fitting
Place foam eductor no more than ____ feet form the nozzle.
IN-LINE EDUCTOR: Slowly increase pump discharge pressure to ____ psi.
Using clean water, flush all hoses, educators, and equipment used for product application for a MINIMUM OF ______ MINUTES.
Prior to flushing for foam clean-up, ensure that the eductor hose is _______ from the cam fitting on pump panel to avoid over pressurizing foam equipment.
The Elkhart Built-In, By-Pass Eductor System, Model 240-125P is found on _____, ______, & ______ and is rated for _____ gpm flow.
FDP001, FDP005-007, & FDA050
Elkhart System: Slowly increase pump discharge pressure to ____ psi.
For Shut-Down Procedures for foam ops be sure to open the _____ and 1 3/4 inch handline and flow water of a minimum of 2 minutes.
Foam System Drain
Elkhart Eductors: These eductors are designed to achieve rated flow with an inlet pressure of _____ psi.
The Foam Pro 2000 system is found on _____ & _____ (these pumpers now use external in-line foam eductors).
FDP 008 & FDP009
T or F : It is not necessary to pump at 200 psi for The Foam Pro 2000.
T or F : Unlike the apparatus equipped with the Elkhart Built-In, By-Pass Eductor system, more than one discharge can be used for operation with The Foam Proportional 2000.
Spot the foam trailer less than ____ feet away from the driver's side pump panel.
A ____ is the preferred water supply for foam operations.
Remove two seals from the bottom of _____ of the 275 gallon foam totes.
Note: No foam will be supplied until the ____ pin is pulled and the _____ ball valve is rotated.
orange , red
T or F: The smaller, open end, of the T-fitting is to be used for supplying a Foam Eductor.
FoaMidget : Connect the _____ colored hose to a
2 1/2" discharge.
FoaMidget Ops : T or F : DO NOT open the Tank Fill valve.
Open the 2 1/2" discharge to supply the FoaMidget with _____ psi (maroon line).
The FoaMidget is a _______ powered device that supplies foam concentrate to the 2 1/2" axillary intake of the pumping apparatus.
The FoaMidget WILL NOT WORK unless ____ psi is maintained.
Test the brakes by making a sudden stop: the distance traveled my be as little as ____ feet.
Any air leak causing the warning buzzer or light to signal low air pressure on a vehicle that has been driven within the last ____ hours, must be reported to the fire department shop.
The fluid levels should be checked while the engine is ____.
A pressure gauge must be used weekly ( _____ for front line apparatus, ______ for reserve apparatus.
Mondays , Sundays
T or F : All air pressure testing must be done on a cold tire.
The voltmeter should show ____ to _____ volts when the charging system is operating normally.
13 to 14.5
The fuel should be maintained at not less than ____ of a tank.
UREA : System should be maintained at no less than ____ a tank.
Urea tanks have a _____ gallon capacity.
Drive belts must be checked for tightness: about ____ inch of play is correct.
Gauges : Air ____ psi
Gauges : Oil ____ psi at idle / _____ psi maximum.
10-20 , 45-75
Gauges : Voltage _____ volts.
Gauges : Amps ______ amps.
Gauges : Engine Temp ______ diesel / ______ gasoline.
180-210 / 190-220
Gauges : Transmission Temp _______
T or F : All fluids added to the unit must be recorded, except water used to refill the booster tank.
Research has shown that an antilock brake system can decrease the chance of a vehicle accident by _____%
T or F : A skidding wheel has less traction than a non-skidding wheel.
There are four main components to an ABS system:
The ABS System : In position one, the valve is _____.
The ABS System : In position two, the valve ____ the line.
T or F: The ABS System: In position three, the valve releases some of the pressure from the brake.
The ______ watches the speed sensors and controls the valves.
Some ABS systems can cycle up to _____ times per second.
The Jake Brake uses ______ to slow the vehicle.
If engine does not start within ___ seconds after depressing the START button, release the START button and allow the starter motor to cool for a minimum of ____ seconds before attempting to start the engine again.
15 , 60
Shut Down Procedures: Idle engine for ____ to ____ minutes.
3 to 5
The cab of the pumpers will be raised each ____ for in-service units and on each _____ for reserve units.
Monday , Sunday
Lowering Cab: Continue to hold the Lower button for ____ seconds after the cab comes to rest on the frame to engage the Cab Locks.
Pierce Manual Cab Lowering: Person 2 - locate the ____ knob ( ____ on FDP008, 009, & FDP050), underneath and to the front of the battery box on the officer's side.
Sutphen Manual Cab Lowering: T or F: Person 2 - locates the pressure release valve, underneath the driver side front bumper.
Pierce 75' Aerial, FDA050: Aerial Set-up: Make sure the pump is _____, apparatus is stopped, the parking brake is set and transmission is in ____.
disengaged , neutral
FDA050 : Set the wheel chocks behind and in front of the OFFICER SIDE FRONT wheel, sparing about ___ inches to prevent them from becoming stuck if the truck lowers onto them.
Aerial Set-up: Make sure truck in is ____ idle.
FDA050: Note the bubble level under the left rear compartment and operate the _____ side of the truck first.
FDA050: Extend the stabilizers fully and lower them until about ____ inches off of the ground.
FDA050: The ground where the truck is set-up must be capable of supporting ____ psi under each stabilizer.
FDA050: Operate the LOW side stabilizer until about ___ degrees past level.
FDA050: Slope more than ____ degrees or grade more than ____ degrees requires ladder repositioning.
3.5 , 5.5
FDA050: T or F: When the truck is short jacked, it is not possible to operate the aerial over the short jacked side (without using emergency controls.)
FDA050: ______foot pedal must be depressed in order to activate ladder controls.
"Dead Man Switch"
FDA050: T or F: The ladder tip has a load limit of 750 lbs regardless of whether the ladder waterway is charged or uncharged.
FDA050: The aerial is to be used in an _______ mode.
Never set the ladder tip on roofs or ledges due to the negative load placed on the aerial.
A standard firefighter weighs ____ lbs.
FDA050: There is a hoist bar located in compartment # _____.
FDA050: T or F: This truck has NO SAFETY FEATURES that will prevent the ladder form contacting and/or crushing the cab or other parts of the truck.
FDA050: Emergency Hydraulic Power: To activate, the ____, _____, and ______ must all be ON.
battery, ignition, aerial master
FDA050: T or F: Truck dose NOT automatically engage high idle like other ladder trucks.
FDA050: Pinnable Waterway: Aerial Nozzle can be adjusted for placement at the ____ section or at the _____ of the ladder.
fly , middle
FDA050: To operate the pinnable waterway, the aerial must be ______.
FDA050: Bedding: Aerial must be fully _______ to be put in the boom support.
FDA050: Once the aerial is lowered into the boom support, operate the lowering control function for approximately _____ more seconds to make sure the aerial will be secure during road travel.
FDA050: To prevent overheating of the Emergency Pump Unit (EPU), limit it to a _____ minute run time with a _____ minute cool down period.
30 , 30
FDA050: The Aerial Discharge Wheel Valve is a _____ inch valve and piping.
FDA050: When another pumper/engine is to be supplying water to the aerial, this valve must be ______ to keep water from trying to enter the discharge side of the pump.
FDA050: Retraction should be done slowly when flowing ____ to _____ gpm and ladder should not be retracted if flowing _____ gpm or more.
50 to 1000 , 1000
FDA050: The rear intake is used only to supply the aerial waterway.
FDA050: The rear intake must only be supplied from a _____ source (engine/pumper), NEVER directly from a hydrant.
FDA050: Station setting for the Aerial Main Drain is ______.
FDA050: Waterway Relief Valve is located at the rear. It is set to drip at _____ psi and drain at _____ psi.
220 , 250
FDA050: Pump Panel Drains are _____ inch piping.
FDA050: Generator: PTO driven and can be engaged anytime, even while driving.
FDA050: Gauge should be watched to make sure the frequency and MHz do not exceed ____.
If air pressure drops below ____ psi, the front wheel lock (brake) will engage.
FDA051: Start-Up Procedures: Move the ignition switch down ___ positions to activate.
FDA051: Set the wheel chocks behind and in front of the DRIVER SIDE REAR wheel, sparring about ____ inches to prevent them from getting stuck if the truck lowered onto them.
FDA051: Extend the stabilizers fully and lower them until about ____ inches off the ground.
FDA051: Before anyone can climb the ladder, three safety checks must be confirmed:
1. One operator must be stationed at the ladder controls.
2. Personnel climbing the ladder must be wearing a ladder belt.
3. Ladder rungs must be aligned.
FDA051: The aerial has a load limit of _____ lbs if the ladder pipe is dry. If it is charged, the load is cut to ____ lbs.
1000 , 750
FDA051: The aerial is to be used in an _______ mode.
FDA051 is not equipped with tip controls.
FDA051: Aerial must only be raised while in the ____ support.
FDA051: High idle maintains _____ RPM's.
Rungs should always be aligned when someone is preparing to climb the ladder.
FDA051: Be sure to activate the ______ and remove safety pins prior to raising the stabilizers.
FDA051: To prevent overheating of the EPU, limit it to a ____ minute run time.
EPU will not shut down automatically.
FDA051: Aerial waterway is heavy duty aluminum tubing. Lower sections are ____ inch piping expanding to ___ inch at the fourth section (tip).
3 1/2 , 5
FDA051: Retraction should be done slowly when flowing ____ to ____ gpm and ladder should not be retracted if flowing _____ gpm or more.
500 to 1000 , 1000
FDA051: Waterway Drain should always be opened after aerial waterway use, ____ retracting the ladder.
FDA051: Primer is air activated.
FDA051: DPF (Diesel Particulate Filter)
FDA051: The regeneration will take approximately ___ to ___ minutes.
20 to 40
FDA051: Cab must be lifted to check power steering fluid and coolant.
FDA051: ALWAYS open the door of the generator compartment when generator is in use to prevent overeating.
FDA052: Aerial Set-Up: DO NOT engage PTO when rpm are above _____.
FDA052: Set wheel chocks on driver side ______ rear wheel.
FDA052: Lower both riggers until approximately ___ to ____ inches off the ground.
FDA052: Deploy low-side stabilizer to approximately ____ degrees past center.
FDA052: Aerial Set-Up: The front tires should be ____ inch off the ground.
FDA052: Slope more than ____ degrees or grade more than ____ degrees requires ladder repositioning.
5 , 20
FDA052: It is recommended to turn the UPPER POWER switch ____ during climbing or while exiting the platform to prevent accidental operation of the boom.
FDA052: Alarm will sound when rotating aerial until ladder clears ___ degrees over the rear of apparatus and ___ degrees over the cab section.
10 , 20
FDA052: To operate the aerial at all while short jacked, the ________ button must be pressed simultaneously at the aerial control panel and turntable while raising the aerial out of the bed.
Before anyone can climb the ladder, three safety checks must be confirmed:
1. One operator must be stationed at the turntable.
2. Personnel climbing the ladder must be wearing a ladder belt.
3. Ladder rungs must be aligned
FDA052: The ladder tip has a load limit of _____ lbs uncharged and _____ charged.
FDA052: The stokes has a capacity of ____ lbs per pair.
FDA052: Max of ____ lbs in platform when using stokes arms.
FDA052: Rescue lifting shackle has a ____ lbs max.
FDA052: On-Board Breathing Air: K tank with ____ psi. Station setting for the regulator is ___ psi.
4500 , 70
FDA052: Fill attachment to On-Board Air: First low air alarms at ____ psi. Second low air alarms at ___ psi.
900 , 300
FDA052: Auxiliary Hydraulic Pump: To activate, the ignition and ______ must all be ON.
FDA052: Turntable controls override platform controls.
FDA052: Water system is rated for up to ______ gpm's.
FDA052: The water curtain disperses at ____ gpm.
FDA052: Aerial must be fully _____ to be put in the boom support.
FDA052: Operation of the Auxillary Hydraulic Motor should not exceed ____ minutes without allowing ___ minutes to cool.
2 , 5
FDA052: HIGH IDLE will not engage while pump is i gear.
FDA052: Retraction should be done slowly when flowing ___ to ___ gpm and ladder should not be retracted if flowing ____ gpm or more.
500 to 1000, 1000
FDA052: Aerial Main Drain: It is ___ inch piping and should always be opened AFTER aerial waterway use, before retracting the ladder.
FDA052: Station setting for Aerial Main Drain is _____.
FDA052: Primer is ____ actuated.
FDA052: Pump Panel Drains are ____ inch piping.
FDA052: Gauge should be watched to make sure the frequency and MHz do not exceed ____.
FDA052: Once the generator reaches ____ degrees Farenheit, it shuts down.
FDA052: The cord reels are each ____ feet long and provide 120v.
FDA052: To cancel a parked regeneration, hold the DPF switch to the ON position for ____ seconds and release.
FDT:017 Do not depress the accelerator prior to starting!
FDT017: If the engine does not start within ___ seconds, release the key - wait ___ seconds - and try again.
5 , 10
FDT017: If the engine does not start after ____ attempts, turn off the key and wait approximately ___ minutes.
FDT017: Starting the Pump Engine: If the engine does not start within ____ seconds, release the starter and wait ___ seconds before trying again.
15 , 60
FDT017: Foam Operations: Maximum operation pressure is ____ psi.
FDT017: Turn the _____ to the Foam position.
FDT017: Refill Operations Foam: Turn the Percentage Selector Valve to ___.
FDT017: Refill Operations Foam: The refill operation should take approximately ___ minutes.
FDT017: The winch on this vehicle is electrically operated and requires NO shifting of gears inside the cab.
FDT017: Disengage 4-Wheel Drive: Place the truck transmission in REVERSE and back the truck up a minimum of ___ feet. You must manually unlock the hubs.
At start-up, pump _____ psi unless otherwise directed by the source pumped operator.
FDT017: Use ____ - wheel drive when driving on paved or extremely hard surfaces.
FDA050: Max wind speed Go/No Go:
FDA051: Max wind speed Go/No Go:
Sustained 35 mph, Gusts of 50 mph
FDA052: Max wind speed Go/No Go:
Sustained 35 mph, Gusts of 50 mph
FPD001, FDP005-FDP007: Gross Vehicle Weight:
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: Overall Length:
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: Overall Width:
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: Road Clearance Height:
10 ft 5 in
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: ___ feet of 4-inch LDH
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: ____ feet of 2 1/2 inch
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: Wheelbase:
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: Pump Type:
Hale, 1500 gpm Single Stage
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: Engine:
Detroit Diesel 60 Series, 430 hp
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: Manual Pump Engagement:
FDP001, FDP005-FDP007: Auxiliary Brake:
Detroit Diesel 60 Series, 455 hp
FDP008-FDP009: Manual Pump Engagement:
Compartment #1, bottom left-hand corner
FDP008-FDP009: Groos Vehicle Weight:
FDP008-FDP009: Overall Length:
FDP008-FDP009: Overall Width:
8 ft 2 in
Cummins ISL, 450 hp
FDP10-FDP13: Booster Tank Capacity:
FDP10-FDP13: Gross Vehicle Weight:
FDP10-FDP13: Overall Length:
FDP10-FDP13: Overall Width:
10 ft 9 inches
FDP10-FDP13: Road Clearance Height:
10 feet 2 inches
FDP10-FDP13: 2 dead loads of _____ ft 2 1/2'
FDA50: Ladder Height:
FDA50: Booster Tank Capacity:
FDA050: Gross Vehicle Weight:
FDA050: Overall Length:
36 ft 4 in
FDA050 Overall Width:
8 ft 6 in
FDA050: Width of Outriggers Fully Extended:
17 ft 3 in
FDA050 has 1,000 ft of 4 INCH LDH!!
FDA051: Booster Tank Capacity:
FDA051: Gross Vehicle Weight:
FDA051: Overall Length:
40 feet 5 inches
FDA051: Overall Width:
8 ft 2 in
FDA051: Road Clearance Height:
10 ft 10 in
FDA051: Width of Outriggers Fully Extended:
FDA051: ___ feet of 2 1/2' hose
Winch Operations: Insert the plug end from the remote control into the receptacle on the ____ side of the winch.
Winch Operations: Once operations are complete, return the clutch lever to the ___ position, rewind the excess cable and secure the hook.
The tool box on Foam 2 contains a Hydro-Foam ___ gpm fog nozzle.
The tool box on Foam 2 contains a Blitz Fire Ground Oscillating Master Stream with a __ inch Aspirating Tip.
The tool box on Foam 2 contains ___ 1 1/2" fog nozzles with foam tubes attached.