Early Adulthood -Chapter 13 & 14 Flashcards Preview

Growth and Developement > Early Adulthood -Chapter 13 & 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Early Adulthood -Chapter 13 & 14 Deck (19):

Objectives (Chapters 13-14)

  • Discuss factors related to attainment of adulthood
  • Use the chapter information to distinguish age-related considerations when developing an exercise program for someone in adulthood


Adulthood? What’s that?

  • Marked by increased independence, ability to pursue personal goals with significantly less supervision/structure.
  • Time period is marked by self assessment
    • Who am I?
    • Where am I going?
  • Problem solving skills and decision-making abilities are being exercised/refined


Adulthood:Specifically defined as?

what years of age go with each

  • Specifically defined as:
  • Young adulthood  18-40 y/o
  • Middle adulthood  40-65 y/o
  • Late adulthood  65 and older


Text: Early adulthood- 18-40 years old mentioned in beginning


It is the integration of chronologic age w/cognitive development, physical development & societal experience

Adulthood defined


Transition to adulthood occurs from age

 16-24 (some of us take longer…)


Marked by milestones such as ?

birthdays, first day of school, high school, graduation, 21st birthday and possibly marriage


Idealistically, this is a time of peak physical form, which includes:

  • Reaction times
  • Endurance
  • Recovery from exertion
  • Tend towards overall better health
  • Reproductive system is fully mature
  • Skeletal systems are mature



Declines are noted as people progress through mid to late _____ and onto _____.  It is referred to as 
Biological aging

20s and onto 30s

Biological aging


Athletes start to _____________in physiologic function and competitive performance.
This is consistent with age-related changes taking place over time



Physically:  Changes

  • Immune response 
  • Reproductive capacity

  • Immune response
  • Reproductive capacity


how does the Immune response change?

it declines in comparison to 20s


how does the Reproductive capacity change?

Men- decreased sperm quality after age 35

Women- decline over time


What occurs during Early Adulthood that is lending to declines noted?




Cognitivie- affective complexity

  • Awareness of positive and negative feelings
  • Understanding of others’ perceptions and motivations
  • Allows individuals to view others in a tolerant, open-minded manner


Young adult will use more logic…BUT

 some poor personal life choices are common at this age which result in long-term health risks such as risky sexual behavior, drug and alcohol use


  1. Feeling of being immortal, invincible…
  2. This is the age group that we see TBI and SCI patients due to this risk taking behavior
  3. Sexually transmitted diseases may not be given as much thought during this period, as well as activities that can lead to serious addictions: alcohol, smoking, recreational drugs. 

Risk taking


According to Erickson’s Theory: Intimacy versus Isolation

  1. A balance between independence and intimacy as relationships are formed
  2. Research shows that a strong sense of self leads to better attainment of intimacy

Personality Changes


what  theory-- 

  • Life structure
  1. What is the difference typically seen between men and women?

Vaillant theory on Adaptation to Life (studied men only)

  1. 20s-
  2. 30s-
  3. 40s-
  4. 50s & 60s- 



what's the theory on Adaptation to Life (studied men only)

  1. 20s-
  2. 30s-
  3. 40s-
  4. 50s & 60s-