Objectives (Chapters 13-14)
- Discuss factors related to attainment of adulthood
- Use the chapter information to distinguish age-related considerations when developing an exercise program for someone in adulthood
Adulthood? What’s that?
Marked by increased independence, ability to pursue personal goals with significantly less supervision/structure.
Time period is marked by self assessment
Who am I?
Where am I going?
Problem solving skills and decision-making abilities are being exercised/refined
- Who am I?
- Where am I going?
Adulthood:Specifically defined as?
what years of age go with each
Specifically defined as:
Young adulthood 18-40 y/o
Middle adulthood 40-65 y/o
Late adulthood 65 and older
Text: Early adulthood- 18-40 years old mentioned in beginning
It is the integration of chronologic age w/cognitive development, physical development & societal experience
Transition to adulthood occurs from age
16-24 (some of us take longer…)
Marked by milestones such as ?
birthdays, first day of school, high school, graduation, 21st birthday and possibly marriage
Idealistically, this is a time of peak physical form, which includes:
Recovery from exertion
Tend towards overall better health
Reproductive system is fully mature
Skeletal systems are mature
Declines are noted as people progress through mid to late _____ and onto _____. It is referred to as
20s and onto 30s
Athletes start to _____________in physiologic function and competitive performance.
This is consistent with age-related changes taking place over time
- Immune response
- Reproductive capacity
how does the Immune response change?
it declines in comparison to 20s
how does the Reproductive capacity change?
Men- decreased sperm quality after age 35
Women- decline over time
What occurs during Early Adulthood that is lending to declines noted?
Cognitivie- affective complexity
Awareness of positive and negative feelings
Understanding of others’ perceptions and motivations
Allows individuals to view others in a tolerant, open-minded manner
Young adult will use more logic…BUT
some poor personal life choices are common at this age which result in long-term health risks such as risky sexual behavior, drug and alcohol use
Feeling of being immortal, invincible…
This is the age group that we see TBI and SCI patients due to this risk taking behavior
Sexually transmitted diseases may not be given as much thought during this period, as well as activities that can lead to serious addictions: alcohol, smoking, recreational drugs.
According to Erickson’s Theory: Intimacy versus Isolation
- A balance between independence and intimacy as relationships are formed
- Research shows that a strong sense of self leads to better attainment of intimacy
- Life structure
- What is the difference typically seen between men and women?
Vaillant theory on Adaptation to Life (studied men only)
- 50s & 60s-
what's the theory on Adaptation to Life (studied men only)
- 50s & 60s-