Flashcards in Eating Disorders Deck (17)
What is the difference between disordered eating and an eating disorder?
disordered eating is a short term, mild change in eating habits, while an eating disorder becomes prolonged, distressing and starts to interfere with everyday activities
What are the characteristics of anorexia?
preoccupation with food and denial of hunger resulting in extreme calorie restriction (starvation), overachiever and perfectionist
What are some warning signs of anorexia?
appearance, abnormal eating habits (very little eating), hiding and storing food, prepares large meals for others, signs of depression, critical of self and others, sleep disturbances
What health problems are associated with anorexia?
decreased heart rate, lowering of body temperature and metabolism, anemia, decreased immunity, rough, dry skin, constipation, change in neurotransmitters
What are the goals of nutrition therapy for anorexia?
increased food intake, prevent further weight loss, restore appropriate food habits, and ultimately weight gain
What are the characteristics of bulimia?
repeated cycle of out-of-control eating followed by some purging, like anorexia, it involved preoccupation with food, usually at or slightly above normal weight, recognize behavior is abnormal so often kept secret
What do food binges typically consist of?
single binge: 10,000-15,00 kcal
consists of convenience, high sugar, high fat foods
What are other forms of purging (besides vomiting)?
laxatives, or excessive exercise
What are some of the health problems that occur with bulimia?
vomiting causes the most problems (tooth decay, drop in blood potassium, and ulcers), constipation, and anemia
For bulimia, what are the goals of nutrition and psychological therapy?
Nutrition Goals: decrease episodes of binge and purge, change the all or none attitude, establish good normal eating habits
Psychological Goals: determine underlying emotional problems, therapy to improve self-acceptance, and possibly anti-depressant drugs
What would classify as an eating disorder not otherwise specified?
any eating disorder that doesn't fit exactly with anorexia or bulimia
How does binge eating disorder differ from anorexia or bulimia?
its the opposite of anorexia: compulsive overeating
difference between binge eating disorder and bulimia is there is no purging
What does treatment for binge eating disorder involve?
learn to eat in response to hunger, eat in moderation, avoid restrictive diets, address hidden emotions, overeater anonymous, and antidepressants
What is baryophobia?
disorder that's associated with a poor growth rate in kids and young adults, occurs when parents underfeed their children
What are the three aspects of the female athlete triad?
disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis
Why are athletes particularity vulnerable to eating disorders?
excessive exercise is praised, behaviors like fasting and vomiting are accepted in some sports, and tiny and skinny bodies are accepted as the norm