ED 354/357 Final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ED 354/357 Final Deck (25):
0

Advance Organizer

Information that makes content more understandable by putting it within a more general framework.

1

Anticipation Guide

Series of statements related to material that is about to be presented during instruction, given to students as a way of activating their knowledge by making predictions about the topic.

2

Assessment

Process of gathering information to monitor progress and make educational decisions.

3

Authentic Learning Tasks

Tasks used in performance based assessment that are based on real world contexts and lead to real world outcomes.

4

Autism and the Autism Spectrum

Condition in which an individual lacks social responsiveness from a very early age, has a high need for structure and routines, and demonstrates significant language impairments. These characteristics interfere with learning.

5

Curriculum Based Assessment

Method of measuring the level of achievement of students in terms of what they are taught in the classroom.

6

Differentiated Instruction

A form of instruction that meets students diverse needs by providing materials and tasks of varied levels of difficulty, with varying degrees of support, thru multiple instructional groups and time variations.

7

Direct Instruction

Research based instructional approach in which the teacher presents subject matter using a review of previously taught information, presentation of new concepts or skills, guided practice, feedback and correction, independent student practice, and frequent review.

8

Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities

Condition in which an individual has significant difficulty in the social and emotional domain, so much that it interferes with learning.

9

Expressive Language

An individuals ability to communicate meaning clearly thru speech.

10

Gifted versus Talented

Demonstrated ability far above average in one or several areas including overall intellectual ability, leadership, specific academic subjects, creativity, athletics, or the visual or performing arts.

11

Graphic Organizer

Visual format that helps students to organize their understanding of information being presented or read and the relationships between various parts of the information.

12

Independent Learning Skills

Skills students need to manage their own learning, including note taking, textbook reading, test taking, written expression, and time management.

13

Indirect Instruction

A type of teaching based on the belief that children are naturally active learners and that given the appropriate instructional environment, they actively construct knowledge and solve problems in developmentally appropriate ways.

14

Inquiry Learning

The most common method of nondirect instruction.

15

Learning Disabilities

Condition is which a student has dysfunction in processing information typically found in language based activities, resulting in interference with learning; problems with learning how to read and/or math

16

Performance Based Assessment

Method of evaluation that measures what students can do with knowledge rather than measuring specific bits of knowledge the student possesses.

17

Portfolio Assessment

Method of evaluation in which a purposeful collection of student work is used to determine student effort, progress, and achievement in one or more areas.

18

Receptive Language

An individuals ability to understand what people mean when they speak.

19

Scaffolding

Instructional approach for teaching higher order thinking skills in which a teacher supports student learning by
Reviewing the cognitive strategy to be assessed
Regulating difficulty during practice
Providing varying contexts for student practice
Providing feedback
Increasing student responsibility for learning
Creating opportunities for independent student practice

20

Screening

Type of assessment decision concerning whether or not a students academic or behavior performance is different enough from that of his or her peers to merit further, more in depth assessment.

Also called universal screening

21

Transition Plan

Plans designed for students moving beyond an educational setting or thru different phases within the educational process

22

Wait Time

Time a teacher waits for an answer asked to a class.

23

Accommodations

Assistance which supports independence; environmental inventory

24

Modifications

Changes to curriculum; curriculum goals