Emotional Development Flashcards Preview

PSY 130: Developmental > Emotional Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Emotional Development Deck (33):
1

Emotions

complex reactions to environment

2

What do emotions involve?

subjective feeling, emotional expression, desire to take action, environment, physiological response, cognition

3

Discrete Emotions Theory

theory that emotions are innate, tied to body/facial reactions and that emotions/reactions are present at birth

4

Functionalist Theory

emotions have function, environment influences emotions, emotions emerge with experience

5

When do people begin expressing emotions?

At birth

6

When do infants begin to show anger?

4-8 months

7

When do self-conscious emotions begin to emerge?

18-24 months

8

Examples of self-conscious emotions?

pride, embarrassment, shame, guilt

9

What do self-conscious emotions require for development?

social and cultural learning

10

What are the three components of understanding emotions?

1. identification
2. understanding cause
3. Understanding False/Real Emotions

11

What does the presence of Emotional Contagion in infnats indicate?

awareness of emotion, even though they do not yet understand them

12

When can infants tell emotional differences in expressions?

4-7 months

13

When can infants connect emotions to facial expressions and tone of voice?

7 months

14

when do infants begin to relate emotions to world causes?

8-12 months

15

Emotionally, what happens in early childhood (2-5 years)?

increased ability to identify emotions, emotional language appearance, can label simple emotions and can use situational info to do so

16

Emotionally, what happens in Middle Childhood (6-10 years)

Can label more complex emotions and recognize that someone can feel two conflicting emotions at once

17

When can children differentiate between appropriate and inappropriate emotions?

1.5 years

18

When do kids try to disguise negative emotions?

3 years old

19

understand difference between external and internal emotions?

5 years

20

As children get older, they have to learn to do what?

Regulate emotions

21

How do children first begin to regulate emotions?

behaviorally: self soothing, averting attention, behavioral distractions

22

What are cognitive ways that children first use to regulate emotions?

They strategies like thinking about something else, reappraise the situation, and plan ways to solve a problem

23

What factors play into individual differences in emotional regulation?

temperament (genes) and socialization

24

What is positive socialization?

parents validate emotions, discuss why a child feels the way that they are

25

What is the effect of validating a child's emotions?

higher self-esteem

26

What is the effect of validating other's emotions?

more empathy in children

27

What is Negative Socialization?

parents dismiss child's feelings and react with hostility

28

What are the effects of negative socialization?

more aggression, more negative emotions, poor coping

29

What are the Effects of discussing emotion during childhood?

more introspection, better coping strategies

30

If a child has poor emotional regulation, what are the life effects?

antisocial behavior, more unemployment, high levels of anxiety/depression, socual/academic difficulties

31

What was the marshmallow Task?

children were given marshmallow and asked to wait until the researcher returned to et it. if they waited, they would get another marshmallow

32

what was the purpose of the Marshmallow task?

to measure the ability to delay impulses

33

What was concluded from the marshmallow task?

this was n indicator of how well children would do academically and socially