Flashcards in Emotional Development Deck (33):
complex reactions to environment
What do emotions involve?
subjective feeling, emotional expression, desire to take action, environment, physiological response, cognition
Discrete Emotions Theory
theory that emotions are innate, tied to body/facial reactions and that emotions/reactions are present at birth
emotions have function, environment influences emotions, emotions emerge with experience
When do people begin expressing emotions?
When do infants begin to show anger?
When do self-conscious emotions begin to emerge?
Examples of self-conscious emotions?
pride, embarrassment, shame, guilt
What do self-conscious emotions require for development?
social and cultural learning
What are the three components of understanding emotions?
2. understanding cause
3. Understanding False/Real Emotions
What does the presence of Emotional Contagion in infnats indicate?
awareness of emotion, even though they do not yet understand them
When can infants tell emotional differences in expressions?
When can infants connect emotions to facial expressions and tone of voice?
when do infants begin to relate emotions to world causes?
Emotionally, what happens in early childhood (2-5 years)?
increased ability to identify emotions, emotional language appearance, can label simple emotions and can use situational info to do so
Emotionally, what happens in Middle Childhood (6-10 years)
Can label more complex emotions and recognize that someone can feel two conflicting emotions at once
When can children differentiate between appropriate and inappropriate emotions?
When do kids try to disguise negative emotions?
3 years old
understand difference between external and internal emotions?
As children get older, they have to learn to do what?
How do children first begin to regulate emotions?
behaviorally: self soothing, averting attention, behavioral distractions
What are cognitive ways that children first use to regulate emotions?
They strategies like thinking about something else, reappraise the situation, and plan ways to solve a problem
What factors play into individual differences in emotional regulation?
temperament (genes) and socialization
What is positive socialization?
parents validate emotions, discuss why a child feels the way that they are
What is the effect of validating a child's emotions?
What is the effect of validating other's emotions?
more empathy in children
What is Negative Socialization?
parents dismiss child's feelings and react with hostility
What are the effects of negative socialization?
more aggression, more negative emotions, poor coping
What are the Effects of discussing emotion during childhood?
more introspection, better coping strategies
If a child has poor emotional regulation, what are the life effects?
antisocial behavior, more unemployment, high levels of anxiety/depression, socual/academic difficulties
What was the marshmallow Task?
children were given marshmallow and asked to wait until the researcher returned to et it. if they waited, they would get another marshmallow
what was the purpose of the Marshmallow task?
to measure the ability to delay impulses