Flashcards in Family Deck (26):
What are adults responsible for in families?
survival, well-economic being, and socialization of children
What are three characteristics of families?
they are dynamic, embedded in other systems
What are the two major dimensions of parenting?
responsiveness and demandingness
how sensitive a parent is to child's needs and emotions
how much control parents exert over there children
Authoritative Parenting Style
High Demand, High Response
Authoritarian Parenting Style
High Demand, Low Response
Permissive Parenting Style
Low Demand, High Response
Neglecting Parenting Style
Low Demand, Low Response
What effect does the Authoritative Parenting Style have on children?
mature, self-confident, cooperative
What effect does the Authoritarian Parenting Style have on children?
anxious, withdrawn, sad, moody
What effect does the Permissive Parenting Style have on children?
aggressive, immature, impulsive, aggressive
What effect does the Neglecting Parenting Style have on children?
aggressive, delinquent, drug use
What aspect of parenting predicts better GPA performance?
What aspect of parenting predicts delinquency?
What are the two limitations to parenting styles?
1. Generalizability: different children respond differently to particular parenting styles
2. Direction of Causality: don't know if parents start out with a style or if child's temperament dictates parenting style
How has family structure changed?
smaller families, increase in same-sex parents, older parents, more unmarried parents
Why have parents gotten older?
teen pregnancy has decreased, mothers are getting married and having kids at older ages
What are the benefits of having kids at older ages?
more resources, more satisfaction/joy, men more likely to help with child care and household duties
Short term effects of divorce on preschool/early aged children
self blame, feelings of abandonment, loneliness, aggression, depression, low achievement
Short Term effects of divorce on school aged children and adolescents
running away, truancy, delinquency, overburden when a child is given more responsibility
Short Term effects of divorce o college students
shock, disillusionment, loss, estrangement
How does the sex of a child affect their response to divorce?
boys tend to have more externalizing problems whereas girls exhibit internalizing problems
Long Term consequences of divorce
greater risk for divorce, lower self-esteem, lower satisfaction with relationships, greater risk for emotional disorders
Benefits of remarriage
increased family income, stability