Family Flashcards Preview

PSY 130: Developmental > Family > Flashcards

Flashcards in Family Deck (26):
1

What are adults responsible for in families?

survival, well-economic being, and socialization of children

2

What are three characteristics of families?

they are dynamic, embedded in other systems

3

What are the two major dimensions of parenting?

responsiveness and demandingness

4

Responsiveness

how sensitive a parent is to child's needs and emotions

5

Demandingness

how much control parents exert over there children

6

Authoritative Parenting Style

High Demand, High Response

7

Authoritarian Parenting Style

High Demand, Low Response

8

Permissive Parenting Style

Low Demand, High Response

9

Neglecting Parenting Style

Low Demand, Low Response

10

What effect does the Authoritative Parenting Style have on children?

mature, self-confident, cooperative

11

What effect does the Authoritarian Parenting Style have on children?

anxious, withdrawn, sad, moody

12

What effect does the Permissive Parenting Style have on children?

aggressive, immature, impulsive, aggressive

13

What effect does the Neglecting Parenting Style have on children?

aggressive, delinquent, drug use

14

What aspect of parenting predicts better GPA performance?

warmth (responsiveness)

15

What aspect of parenting predicts delinquency?

demandingness (low)

16

What are the two limitations to parenting styles?

1. Generalizability: different children respond differently to particular parenting styles
2. Direction of Causality: don't know if parents start out with a style or if child's temperament dictates parenting style

17

How has family structure changed?

smaller families, increase in same-sex parents, older parents, more unmarried parents

18

Why have parents gotten older?

teen pregnancy has decreased, mothers are getting married and having kids at older ages

19

What are the benefits of having kids at older ages?

more resources, more satisfaction/joy, men more likely to help with child care and household duties

20

Short term effects of divorce on preschool/early aged children

self blame, feelings of abandonment, loneliness, aggression, depression, low achievement

21

Short Term effects of divorce on school aged children and adolescents

running away, truancy, delinquency, overburden when a child is given more responsibility

22

Short Term effects of divorce o college students

shock, disillusionment, loss, estrangement

23

How does the sex of a child affect their response to divorce?

boys tend to have more externalizing problems whereas girls exhibit internalizing problems

24

Long Term consequences of divorce

greater risk for divorce, lower self-esteem, lower satisfaction with relationships, greater risk for emotional disorders

25

Benefits of remarriage

increased family income, stability

26

Possible challenges of remarriage

loss of contact with biological parent leading to resentment