Flashcards in Attachment Deck (29):
emotional bond between two people
bond formed between a child and their primary caregiver in the first year of life
we become attached because feeding satisfies oral needs and is the foundation of later relationships
we become attached because feeding relives hunger, thus creating a positive association with mother
What study disproved that attachment was not just about feeding?
monkeys were raised with 2 surrogate mothers (one fuzzy, one wire) where all monkeys ran to fuzzy mom when scared regardless of which mom provided food
study of animal behavior and adaptive functions
rapid bond formation
What does imprinting say about attachment?
it may have a biological aspect
Bowlby's Attachment Theory
attachment is adaptive, helps cope with threats, provides internal working model of relationships which serves as a basis for future relationships
How do we know an infant is attached?
separation/stranger anxiety, secure-base behavior, social referencing, greetings
infants will explore freely i caregiver's presence and will get upset when they leave, and will by soothed by the return of their caregiver
infant shows little-no distress when separated and will avoid contact upon return and will even have a more positive attitude towards strangers
REALLY distressed when separated, but cannot be soothed upon return
contradictory behaviors and dazed, fearful facial expressions with frozen postures
What causes differences in attachment style?
Timely and appropriate responses to child's needs
What kid of parental sensitivity is seen with secure kids?
parents smile with kids, aid them and are consistent in caregiving
What kid of parental sensitivity is seen with resistant kids?
parents are inconsistent with caregiving
What kid of parental sensitivity is seen with avoidant kids?
indifferent to child's needs
What is the Adult Attachment Interview?
researchers assessed and classified adult's internal working models of relationships through a structured interview
realistic view of parents; not angry about past events
devalue the importance of relationship with parents/peers
extensive discussion of feelings, experiences, etc. (usually still angry)
disorganized thinking when speaking about traumatic experiences; may blame themselves for things when not their fault
Autonomous/secure classification predicts what kids of Attachment with their kid?
Dismissing classification predicts what kids of Attachment with their kid?
Preoccupied classification predicts what kids of Attachment with their kid?
Unresolved classification predicts what kids of Attachment with their kid?