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PSY 130: Developmental > Attachment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Attachment Deck (29):
1

Attachment

emotional bond between two people

2

Infant-Caregiver Attachment

bond formed between a child and their primary caregiver in the first year of life

3

Psychoanalytic Theory

we become attached because feeding satisfies oral needs and is the foundation of later relationships

4

Behaviorism

we become attached because feeding relives hunger, thus creating a positive association with mother

5

What study disproved that attachment was not just about feeding?

monkeys were raised with 2 surrogate mothers (one fuzzy, one wire) where all monkeys ran to fuzzy mom when scared regardless of which mom provided food

6

Ethology

study of animal behavior and adaptive functions

7

Imprinting

rapid bond formation

8

What does imprinting say about attachment?

it may have a biological aspect

9

Bowlby's Attachment Theory

attachment is adaptive, helps cope with threats, provides internal working model of relationships which serves as a basis for future relationships

10

How do we know an infant is attached?

separation/stranger anxiety, secure-base behavior, social referencing, greetings

11

Secure Attachment

infants will explore freely i caregiver's presence and will get upset when they leave, and will by soothed by the return of their caregiver

12

Insecure-Avoidant Attachment

infant shows little-no distress when separated and will avoid contact upon return and will even have a more positive attitude towards strangers

13

Insecure-Resistant Attachment

REALLY distressed when separated, but cannot be soothed upon return

14

Disorganized/Disoriented Attachment

contradictory behaviors and dazed, fearful facial expressions with frozen postures

15

What causes differences in attachment style?

parental sensitivity

16

Parental Sensitivity

Timely and appropriate responses to child's needs

17

What kid of parental sensitivity is seen with secure kids?

parents smile with kids, aid them and are consistent in caregiving

18

What kid of parental sensitivity is seen with resistant kids?

parents are inconsistent with caregiving

19

What kid of parental sensitivity is seen with avoidant kids?

indifferent to child's needs

20

What is the Adult Attachment Interview?

researchers assessed and classified adult's internal working models of relationships through a structured interview

21

Autonomous/Secure Classification

realistic view of parents; not angry about past events

22

Dismissing Classification

devalue the importance of relationship with parents/peers

23

Preoccupied Classification

extensive discussion of feelings, experiences, etc. (usually still angry)

24

Unresolved Classification

disorganized thinking when speaking about traumatic experiences; may blame themselves for things when not their fault

25

Autonomous/secure classification predicts what kids of Attachment with their kid?

Secure

26

Dismissing classification predicts what kids of Attachment with their kid?

Avoidant

27

Preoccupied classification predicts what kids of Attachment with their kid?

Resistant

28

Unresolved classification predicts what kids of Attachment with their kid?

Disorganized

29

Does attachment change?

yes by positive or negative events