Peer Relationships Flashcards Preview

PSY 130: Developmental > Peer Relationships > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peer Relationships Deck (24):
1

What are children more likely to do with peers than parents?

challenge ideas, express emotions/opinions, try new behaviors

2

What areas of development do peer contexts help develop?

emotional regulation/expression, inhibitory control, perspective taking, cooperation, display rules

3

Friendship

a relationship between two people (dyadic) that is reciprocal and intimate

4

What do Friendships look like in children under 2 years?

play side-by-side and prefer company of particular children as well as smile at them

5

What do Friendships look like in 2 - 4 year olds?

a friend is the person you spend most time with and there is an increase in cooperative and cooperative pretend play

6

What do Friendships look like in the Early school years?

friends share same interests, play with same toys, and are nice to you

7

What do Friendships look like in adolescence?

friends are those who are loyal, you trust, keep secrets, listen, make you feel better,

8

What are friendships for?

companionship, emotional support, validation, help/guidance, buffer against stress

9

Log Term Benefits of friends

better family and social life and do better in college

10

Downside of friendships

friends can be a negative influence

11

Cliques

group of people similar in academic aspirations, levels of aggression/shyness, popularity, attractiveness and prosocial behavior

12

Crowd

larger group of people that shares a stereotype

13

What changes in clique behavior occur with age?

single clique --> multiple
same sex friends --> mixed
unstable cliques --> stable cliques
conformity --> autonomy

14

Sociometric Status

what your peers think of you

15

How can sociometric status be measured?

nominations technique, likability scale

16

What are the sociometric categories?

popular, rejected, neglected, controversial, average

17

Popular Rating Description

many positive, few negative

18

Rejected Rating Description

many negative, more positive

19

Neglected Rating Description

few positive, few negative

20

Controversial Rating Description

many positive, many negative

21

Average Rating Description

few extreme ratings

22

Why are children popular?

physical attractiveness, athletic ability, temperament, social skills

23

How can we measure social skills?

correlational studies and play group studies

24

Play Group Studies

children are introduced into a group and behaviors are observed and then their status is measured later