Flashcards in Peer Relationships Deck (24):
What are children more likely to do with peers than parents?
challenge ideas, express emotions/opinions, try new behaviors
What areas of development do peer contexts help develop?
emotional regulation/expression, inhibitory control, perspective taking, cooperation, display rules
a relationship between two people (dyadic) that is reciprocal and intimate
What do Friendships look like in children under 2 years?
play side-by-side and prefer company of particular children as well as smile at them
What do Friendships look like in 2 - 4 year olds?
a friend is the person you spend most time with and there is an increase in cooperative and cooperative pretend play
What do Friendships look like in the Early school years?
friends share same interests, play with same toys, and are nice to you
What do Friendships look like in adolescence?
friends are those who are loyal, you trust, keep secrets, listen, make you feel better,
What are friendships for?
companionship, emotional support, validation, help/guidance, buffer against stress
Log Term Benefits of friends
better family and social life and do better in college
Downside of friendships
friends can be a negative influence
group of people similar in academic aspirations, levels of aggression/shyness, popularity, attractiveness and prosocial behavior
larger group of people that shares a stereotype
What changes in clique behavior occur with age?
single clique --> multiple
same sex friends --> mixed
unstable cliques --> stable cliques
conformity --> autonomy
what your peers think of you
How can sociometric status be measured?
nominations technique, likability scale
What are the sociometric categories?
popular, rejected, neglected, controversial, average
Popular Rating Description
many positive, few negative
Rejected Rating Description
many negative, more positive
Neglected Rating Description
few positive, few negative
Controversial Rating Description
many positive, many negative
Average Rating Description
few extreme ratings
Why are children popular?
physical attractiveness, athletic ability, temperament, social skills
How can we measure social skills?
correlational studies and play group studies