Endocrine Function I (PART 2) Flashcards Preview

Chemistry Module 4 > Endocrine Function I (PART 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine Function I (PART 2) Deck (36):
1

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Acromegaly

2

TSH
- full name

Thyrotropin or thyroid-stimulating hormones

3

TSH
- specific target organ(s)

Thyroid gland

4

TSH
- principle biological effects

Stimulation of thyroid hormone formation and secretion

5

TSH
- chemical nature

Glycoproteins

6

FSH
- full name

Follicle-stimulating hormones

7

FSH
- specific target organ(s)

Testis or ovary

8

FSH
- principle biologic effects

Men: spermatogenesis and seminiferous tubule development
Women: follicular growth

9

FSH
- chemical nature

Glycoprotein

10

LH
- full name

Luteinizing hormone

11

LH
- target organ(s)

Testis or ovary

12

LH
- principle biologic effects

Men: stimulation of interstitial tissue; androgen secretion m
Women: stimulation of ovulation; corpus luteum formation; progesterone secretion

13

LH
- chemical nature

Glycoprotein

14

PRL
- full name

Prolactin

15

PRL
- target organ(s)

Mammary Gland

16

PRL
- principle biologic effects

Mammary gland proliferation; initiation of milk secretion, insulin antagonist

17

PRL
- chemical nature

Protein

18

GH:
- full name

Growth hormone (somatotropin)

19

GH:
- target organ(s)

body as a whole

20

GH:
- principle biologic effects

growth of bone and muscle

21

GH:
- chemical nature

protein

22

ACTH:
- full name

Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

23

ACTH:
- target organ(s)

Adrenal cortex

24

ACTH:
- principle biologic effects

Adrenocortical hormone biogenesis and release

25

ACTH:
- chemical nature

Polypeptide

26

MSH:
- full name

Melanocyte-stimulating hormone

27

MSH:
- target organ(s)

Skin

28

MSH:
- principle biological effects

Dispersion of pigment granules; skin darkening

29

MSH:
- chemical nature

peptide

30

ADH:
- full name

Antidiuretic hormone (Vasopressin)

31

ADH:
- target organ(s)

Renal tubules

32

ADH:
- principle biological effects

Water reabsorption

33

ADH:
- chemical nature

peptide

34

Oxytocin:
- target organ(s)

Smooth muscles (uterus, mammary gland)

35

Oxytocin:
- principle biological effects

Contraction, ejection of milk

36

Oxytocin:
- chemical nature

Peptide