Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine System Deck (87)
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1

Aden/o

Gland, glandular

2

Adren/al
Adren/o

Relating to the adrenal gland

3

Calc/i

Relating to calcium

4

Cortic/o

Cortex

5

End/o

Within, inner

6

Gluc/o

Glucose

7

Glyc/o

Sugar

8

Hypo

Below

9

Lacti
Lacto

Milk

10

Mel/i
Mel/o

Honey, sugar

11

Myx/o

Mucus

12

Pancre/a
Pancre/o

Involving the pancreas

13

Para

Alongside, near

14

-phage
-phagia
-phagy

Eating

15

Thyr/o
Thyr/eo

Thyroid gland

16

Toc/o

Child birth

17

-tropic

Having an affinity for

18

Endocrine system

Composed of glands and organs that secrete hormones directly into the blood to ensure long-term regulation and internal balance (homeostasis)

19

Gland

An organized group of cells that function as secreting or excreting organs

20

Secretion

Process by which substance are produced and discharged from a gland for a particular physiological function

21

Excretion

Separating materials from the blood to be eliminated as waste

22

Hormones

Chemical substances formed in a gland and transported to a target cell to produce its effect

23

Target cell

Cell that responds to a particular hormone

24

Pituitary gland

Master gland that orchestrates endocrine function
(Aka: hypophysis)

25

Anterior pituitary gland

Part of the pituitary gland that secretes hormones
(Aka: adenohypophysis)

26

Acro

Extreme

27

Hypothalamus

Area of the brain that secretes releasing hormones and is involved with regulating temperature, thirst, and hunger

28

Thyroid gland

Bilobed-butterfly shape; inferior to larynx; anterior to trachea

29

Thyroxine

(T4) a hormone from the thyroid. Controls metabolism
Aka: tetraiodothyronine

30

Calcitonin

Thyroid hormone that lowers calcium ion levels